Fatty Acid Compositions Of Zea Mays L. Varieties In Turkey
Keywords:Fatty Acid, Zea Mays, Varieties
Physical and chemical characteristics of oils are determined by the rate and composition of the fatty acids they have. Knowing the fatty acid composition of oils will enable the production of oils according to intended usage areas. The present study was conducted to determine the fatty acid composition of 20 different corn varieties grown in Turkey. The oil contents of the samples were determined with the Soxhelet Oil Extraction Device, and the fatty acid composition was determined with the GC-S/FID Device. The dominant fatty acids of the cultivars and lines that were examined in the scope of the present study were found to be linoleic acid (50.05-53.14%), oleic acid (31.09-33.21%), palmitic acid (11.07-13.16%), stearic acid (2.10-2.55%), linolenic acid (0.55-1.18%), and arachidic acid (0.36% - 0.53%). It was found that the differences between cultivars were very significant for all the characteristics studied here except for lauric acid. The findings of the study show that there is a wide variation in fatty acid composition in the existing cultivars and lines.
Akçura M, V Turan, K Kokten, M Kaplan. Fatty Acid and Some Micro Element Compositions of The Seeds of Cluster Bean (Cyamopsis tetragonoloba) Genotypes Growing under Mediterranean Climate. Industrial Crops and Products 2019; vol.128, 140-146.
Ali Q, M Ashraf, F Anwar. Seed Composition and Seed Oil Antioxidant Activity of Maize Under Water Stress. J Am Oil Chem Soc 2010; 87:1179–1187.
Baydar H. Bitkilerde yağ sentezi, kalitesi ve kaliteyi artırmada ıslahın önemi. Ekin Dergisi 2000; 11: 50-57.
Carrillo W, C Carpio, D Morales, E Vilcacundo, M Álvarez M Silva. Content of Fatty Acids in Corn (Zea Mays L.) Oil from Ecuador. Asian Journal of Pharmaceutical and Clinical Research 2017; 10(8):150-153.
Christie W W. Gas Chromatography and Lipids, A Practical Guide, 1st edn., The Oily Press 1989; Ayr, p. 307.
Emeklier Y. Altın tanesi mısırın kimyası ve endüstride kullanımı. Üretimden Tüketime Mısır Paneli Tebliğleri 2002; 100-125. T.C. Sakarya Valiliği, 19 Aralık 2002, Sakarya.
Goffman FD. Böhme T. Relationship between fatty acid profile and vitamin E content in maize hybrids (Zea mays L.). J Agric Food Chem 2001;49(10):4990-4.
Hamedi J, Malekzadeh F, Saghafi-nia AE. Enhancing of Erythromycin Production by Saccharopolyspora erythraea with Common and Uncommon Oils, J Ind Microbiol Biotechnol 2004; 31 - 447–456.
Harmanlioglu O. Determination of Hay Yield and Quality of Different Alfalfa Cultivars Under Kayseri Conditions. Erciyes University Institute of Natural and Applied Sciences Graduate Thesis 2019; June 2019.
Jellum MD, Marion JE. Factors affecting oil content and oil composition of corn (Zea mays L.) kernels. Crop Sci 1966; 6:41–42
Kale H, Kaplan M, Ülger İ, Ünlükara A, Akar T. Feed Value Of Maize (Zea mays var. indentata (Sturtev.) L.H.Bailey) Grain Under Different Irrigation Levels and Nitrogen Doses. Turkish Journal of Field Crops 2018; vol.23, no.1, 56-61.
Kaplan M. Kokten K, Uzun S. Fatty Acid and Metal Composition of the Seeds of Vicia ervilia Varieties from Turkey. Chemıstry of Natural Compounds 2014; vol.50, no.1, 117-119.
Kaplan M, Tutar H, Kardeş YM, Das A, Kokten K. Fatty Acid Compositions of The Seeds of Different Sanguisorba Minor Genotypes. Progress in Nutrition 2019; vol.21, no.4, 868-870.
Kokten K, Kaplan M, Uzun S, Inci H. Fatty Acid and Metal Composition of the Seeds of Lathyrus sativus Varieties. Chemistry of Natural Compounds 2015; vol.51, no.3, 534-536.
Leibovitz, Z, Ruckenstein C. Our experiences in processing maize (corn) germ oil. J. Amer. Oil Chem. Soc 1983; 60:395-399
Özcan S . Modern Dünyanın Vazgeçilmez Bitkisi Mısır: Genetiği Değiştirilmiş (Transgenik) Mısırın Tarımsal Üretime Katkısı. Türk Bilimsel Derlemeler Dergisi 2009; 2(2): 01-34, 2009 ISSN:1308-0040,
Ray, K. Banerjee H, Dutta S, Hazra AK, Majumdar K. Macronutrients influence yield and oil quality of hybrid maize (Zea mays L.). PLoS ONE 2019; 14(5), e0216936 (2019).
Saini RK, Rengasamy KRR, Ko EY, Kim JT, Keum YS. Korean Maize Hybrids Present Significant Diversity in Fatty Acid Composition: An Investigation to Identify PUFA-Rich Hybrids for a Healthy Diet. Frontiers in Nutrition 2020; 7, 578761.
Salvador-Reyes, R., Rebellato AP, Pallone, JAL, Ferari RA, Clerici MTPS. Kernel characterization and starch morphology in five varieties of Peruvian Andean maize. Food Research International 2021; 140, 110044.
Schuster WH. (1992). Oelgewinnung in nebennutzung. In: Oelflanzen in Europa, DLGVerlag, Frankfurt/Main, 1992; 239 S., Preis: 86.-DM
Sekerci A, Karaman K, Yetisir H, Sagdic O. Change in morphological properties and fatty acid composition of ornamental pumpkin seeds (Cucurbita pepo var. ovifera) and their classification by chemometric analysis. Journal of Food Measurement and Characterization 2017; 11, 1306-1314.
Sirtori CR, Gatti E, Tremoli E, Galli C, et al. Olive Oil, Corn Oil, and n-3 Fatty Acids Differently Affect Lipids, Lipoproteins, Platelets, and Superoxide Formation in Type II Hypercholesterolemia, American Society for Clinical Nutrition 1992; 56, 1, 13-23.
Weintraub, M.S., Zechner R, Brown A, Eisenberg S, Breslow JL. Dietary Polyunsaturated Fats of The ω-6 And ω-3 Series Reduce Postprandial Lipoprotein Levels. Chronic and Acute Effects of Fat Saturation on Postprandial Lipoprotein Metabolism, J. Clin. Invest 1988; 82, 1884-1893.
Yeom, KH, Schonewille JTh, Beynen AC. (). Fatty Acid Composition of Plasma Lipids and Erythrocytes in Adult Goats in Positive Energy Balance Fed Diets Containing Either Olive or Corn Oil, Small Ruminant Research 2005; 58, 25–32.
This is an Open Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License (https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
Transfer of Copyright and Permission to Reproduce Parts of Published Papers.
Authors retain the copyright for their published work. No formal permission will be required to reproduce parts (tables or illustrations) of published papers, provided the source is quoted appropriately and reproduction has no commercial intent. Reproductions with commercial intent will require written permission and payment of royalties.
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.