Nutritional status assessment in patients with chronic pancreatitis

Nutritional status in chronic pancreatitis

Authors

  • Carmelo Diéguez-Castillo Department of Gastroenterology, San Cecilio University Hospital, Granada, Spain
  • José Luis Martín-Ruiz Department of Gastroenterology, San Cecilio University Hospital, Granada, Spain
  • José Prados Department of Human Anatomy and Embriology, University of Granada, Granada, Spain
  • Octavio Caba Department of Human Anatomy and Embriology, University of Granada, Granada, Spain
  • María José Muñoz-Alférez Department of Physiology, University of Granada, Granada, Spain

Keywords:

chronic pancreatitis, malnutrition, nutritional study, anthropometric parameters, insulin-like growth factor I

Abstract

Background and aim: Malnutrition is a major problem in patients with chronic pancreatitis (CP); nevertheless, there has been scant research on their nutritional assessment and management. The study objective was to perform a complete nutritional assessment in patients with CP and identify anthropometric and analytical parameters that facilitate the early detection of malnutrition. Methods: Data were gathered from 31 patients with CP on food frequency questionnaire results, anthropometric measurements, and analytical parameters. Results: Around half of the patients were overweight or obese. Around half consumed sweets, snacks, soft drinks, and red meats daily and reported a low intake of fish, vegetables, and nuts; one-quarter of patients had low prealbumin and insulin-like growth factor 1 levels; almost half had elevated total cholesterol. Conclusions: Measures need to be taken to improve the diet of patients with CP and to monitor their body composition. Data on levels of insulin-like growth factor type 1, a little used biochemical parameter, proved highly useful for the early detection of malnutrition in these patients.

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Published

13-12-2023

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Original articles

How to Cite

1.
Diéguez-Castillo C, Martín-Ruiz JL, Prados J, Caba O, Muñoz-Alférez MJ. Nutritional status assessment in patients with chronic pancreatitis: Nutritional status in chronic pancreatitis. Progr Nutr [Internet]. 2023 Dec. 13 [cited 2024 Jul. 15];25(4):e2023055. Available from: https://mattioli1885journals.com/index.php/progressinnutrition/article/view/14411