The Healthy Life Expectancy at Birth: A Comparison Study between Developed, Developing and Undeveloped Countries.

Main Article Content

Hewir Khidir
İlker Etikan


Life Expectancy, Developed, Developing and Undeveloped Countries, Descriptive Statistics, Krusal-Wallis H and Mann-Whitney U


Life expectancy has always been taken into research since it is directly related to maintain human being extension. Many governmental organization and non-governmental foundation have studied the life expectancy in the countries and could be able to find some vital aspects which are factors to long the period of people life span. Studies found out that as long as there are good health care facilities, economic condition, high financial resource, security as nowadays becomes a serious problem and political status, the longer life may individual have it. In this study, we consider three different groups of countries for instance Developed Countries (France, Germany and The United Kingdome), Developing Countries (China, Malaysia and Brazil) and Undeveloped Countries (Ethiopia, Uganda and Haiti). Descriptive statistics and inferential statistics have carried out to compare the life exKeywords: Life Expectancy, Developed, Developing and Undeveloped Countries, Descriptive Statistics, Krusal-Wallis H and Mann-Whitney U


Download data is not yet available.
Abstract 68 | PDF Downloads 8


1. Eggleston, K. N. & Fuchs, V. R., 2013. Most gains in Life Exepctancy Now Realized Late in Life. American Economic Associaton The New Demographic Transition:, pp. 137-156.
2. Walker, L. J., 2013. Life Expectancy and Health Care Planning. pp. 2013-2016.
3. Roser, M., 2016. OurWorldInData.Org. [Online]
Available at: https;//
[Accessed 15 April 2019].
4. Christina MH, P., 2010. Being Human: How Should We Define Life and Personhood?. Enrichment Journal1445 Boonville Ave.
5. Mandal, D. A., 2016. What is life expectancy?, s.l.: Life sciences and medicine.
6. RG, W., 1996. Unhealthy societies: the afflictions of inequality, London: Routledge.
7. Mercedes, 2013. Study show link between life expectancy and education. [Online]
Available at: http://
[Accessed 13 April 2019].
8. GS, B., TJ, P. & RR, S., 2005. The quantity and quality of life and the evolution of world inequality. The American Economic Review, 1(95), pp. 277-291.
9. CDC'S, 2012. Higher education and income levels keys to better health, according to annual report on nation's health.. [Art] (National Center for Health Statistics, Office Communication.).
10. Vahid, Y. et al., 2015. The Association between Peace and Life Expectancy: An Empirical Study of the World Countries. Iran Journal of Public health, 3(44), pp. 341-351.
11. WHO, 2002. Report of WHO Meetings of Experts on Measuring and Summarizing Health, Geneva(CHE): WHO.
12. Venkatesh, V., Brown, S. A. & Bala, H., 2013. Bridging the qualitative-quantitative divide: Guidelines for conducting mixed methods research in information systems. MIS qarterly, 37(1), pp. 21-54.

DB Error: Unknown column 'Array' in 'where clause'