The effect of gymnastics training on anthropometric, somatotype and some performance characteristics in preschool girls

Main Article Content

Harun Genc
Ali Erdem Cigerci

Keywords

Gymnastics, girls, anthropometry, motoric characteristics

Abstract

Purpose: The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of gymnastics training on some
physical and performance characteristics in 6-7 age group pre-school girls. Method: In the study, height, body
weight (BW), BMI (body mass index), BFP (body fat percentage), skinfold thickness (SFT), diameter measurement (DM), circumference measurement (CM), sitting height (SH), arm span (AS) and also for performance measurements vertical jump (VJ), standing long jump (SLJ) and flexibility tests were used as pre-test and post-test to the experimental group (EG) and control group (CG). The analysis of the data was evaluated in the SPSS 22 package program. The analyses related to inter-group, intra-group and the effect of training were made by multiple measures analysis of variance (MANOVA) in repeated measurements. Post Hoc comparisons in significant values were determined by Bonferroni Test. The significance level was accepted as 0,05. Findings: After 12 weeks of gymnastics training, it was seen statistically increase in height, SH and ASin favor of EG, statistically decrease in BFP value in EG, statistically increase in BW value in both groups, statistically
increase in BMI value in CG. In addition, when the pre-test and post-test measurement results of the groups
were examined, no significance in performance characteristics was found in CG, there was also statistically
significant difference in all performance characteristics in EG. Result: It can be said that 12-week gymnastics
training has a positive effect in terms of height, SH, AS, VJ, SLJ and flexibility in 6-7 age group girls.


 

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.
Abstract 50 | PDF Downloads 80

References

1. Ayan V, Mulazimoglu O. Examining the physical properties and some performance profiles of 8-10 age group boys in talent selection and sports orientation (Ankara Example). Fırat University Medical Journal of Health Sciences 2009; 23(3):113-118.
2. Gokdemir K., Cicioglu I., Gunay M. Comparison of the physical and physiological characteristics of male athletes in different branches. Selcuk University Journal of Physical Education and Sports Science 1999;1(1):16-21.
3. Ozer K. Morphological planning in anthropometry sports. 1993; Istanbul: Kazanci Printing House.
4. Kurkcu R, Hazar F, Ozdag S. A review on the body composition, body components and somatotype features of football players. Niğde University Journal of Physical Education and Sports Sciences 2009;3(2):113-119.
5. Kuzucuoglu T. Comparison of physiological parameters of elite gymnastic athletes with strength parameters. 1996; Master Thesis, İnönü University Institute of Health Sciences, Malatya.
6. Mulazimoglu O. Validity, reliability study of Bruninks-Oseretsky motor competence test and investigation of the effect of gymnastics training program applied to children aged five to six years on motor development. 2006; Doctoral Dissertation, Ankara University Institute of Health Science, Ankara.
7. Lohman TG, Roche AF, Martorell R. (1988). Anthropometric standardization reference manual. 1998; Champaign IL: Human Kinetics.
8. Ross W, Marfell-Jones M, MacDougall J, Wenger H, Green H. (1991). Physiological testing of the high performance athlete. 1991; Champaign IL: Human Kinetics.
9. Carter JL, Heath BH. Somatotyping: Development and applications (Vol. 5). 1990; Cambridge University Press.
10. Durnin JVGA, Womersley J. Body fat assessed from total body density and its estimation from skinfold thickness: Measurements on 481 men and women aged from 16 to 72 years. British Journal of Nutrition 1974;32(1):77­97. doi:10.1079/BJN19740060
11. Muniroglu RS. A research on some factors that affect the motor development levels of children aged four to five who attend kindergartens. 1995; Doctoral Dissertation, Ankara University Institute of Health Science, Ankara.
12. Zulkadiroglu Z. Effect of 12-week gymnastics and swimming exercises on flexibility and fitness in 5-6 year old girls and boys. 1995; Master Thesis, Çukurova University Institute of Health Sciences, Adana.
13. Bulca Y, Ersoz G. Effects of exercise and nutrition on growth in rhythmic gymnastics. Gazi Journal of Physical Education and Sports Sciences 2004;9(2):11-20.
14. Kankal MB. Comparison of physical, physiological and performance characteristics of 9-12 age group aerobic gymnastics and rhythmic gymnastics athletes. 2008; Master Thesis, Ankara University Institute of Health Science, Ankara.
15. Yaman H, Ozer H. Relationship between body composition and bone age in elite rhythmic gymnastics: A cross-sectional and descriptive preliminary study. Journal of Sports Sciences 2002;13(3):14-23.
16. Ribeiro JC, Guerra S, Oliveira J, Andersen LB, Duarte JA, Mota J. Body fatness and clustering of cardiovascular disease risk factors in Portuguese children and adolescents. Am J Hum Biol 2004;16(5):556-562.
17. Gregor J, Marjeta K, Strel J. Impact of the additional physical ducation lessons programme on the physical and motor development of 7 to 10 year children. Kinesiology 2006;38(2):105-115.
18. Pekel HA. Normative study on some variables in 10-12 age group children based on talent search in athletics. 2007; Doctoral Dissertation, Gazi University Institute of Health Science, Ankara.
19. Cimen S. Anthropometric properties and jumping skills of 9-12 age group athletes in different gymnastics branches. 2012; Master Thesis, Gazi University Institute of Health Sciences, Ankara.
20. Duyar I. Triceps and subscapular skinfold thickness values in Turkish adolescents. Journal of Child Health and Diseases 1994; 37: 253-266.
21. Akin G. Anthropometry and Ergonometry. 2001; Ankara: Inkansa Ofset Matbaacılık.
22. Malina RM, Bielicki T. Retrospective longitudinal growth study of boy sand girls active insport. Acta Pediatr 1996;85(5):570-6.
23. Zorba E, Ziyagil MA. Body composition and measurement methods. 1995; Trabzon: Gen Matbaacılık Reklamcılık Ltd. Sti.
24. Kesilmis İ. The effect of gymnastics training on growth and biomotor abilities in 4-6 years old children. 2012; Master Thesis, Mersin University Institute of Educational Sciences, Mersin.
25. Zorba E, Ziyagil MA, Colak H, et al. Comparison of anthropometric and physical fitness values of 12-15 age players with the sedentary group. Hacettepe University Journal of Football Science and Technology 1995;3:17-22.
26. Bektas Y, Ozer BK, Gultekin T, Sagir M, Akin G. Anthropometric properties of female basketball players: Somatotype and body composition values. Nigde University Journal of Physical Education and Sports Sciences 2007;1(2):52-62.
27. Balci SS, Guler D, Karacan S, Colakoglu F. (2004). Examination of relationships between somatotype elements and health related physical fitness parameters in pre-adolescent girls. 2004; 8th International Congress of Sports Sciences, Antalya.
28. Ayan V. Orientation of 8-10 age group children to sports according to anthropometric and somatotype features. 2006; Doctoral Dissertation, Gazi University Institute of Health Science, Ankara.
29. Ziyagil MA, Zorba E, Bozatli S, Imamoglu O. (1999). The effect of age, gender and sports habit of 6-14 age group children on speed and anaerobic power. Celal Bayar University Journal of Physical Education and Sports Sciences 1999;3(3):9-18.
30. Pekel HA, Balci SS, Pepe H, et al (2004). Evaluation of some anthropometric properties of children performing athletics and physical fitness parameters related to performance. 2004; 8th International Congress of Sports Sciences, Antalya.
31.Kalkavan A, Yuksel O, Yapici AK, Senturk A, Eynur A. Investigation of physical, biomotoric and anthropometric properties of small and star basketball players. 2006; 9th International Congress of Sports Sciences, Mugla.
32. Clark MC, Fergusan SL. The physical acvivity and fitness of our nation’s children. Journal of Pediatric Nursing 2000;15(4):250-252.
33. Turgut A, Cetinkaya V. Determination of some motor properties in 6-11 age girls. 2006; 9th International Congress of Sports Sciences, Mugla.
34. Aksit T, Ozkol ZM. Examining the relationship between match performance and field tests in 8-10 age tennis players. 2006; 9th International Congress of Sports Sciences, Mugla.
35. Bagci E. Comparison of some physical properties of competitors with 10 - 12 age group aerobic gymnastics branch and same age group sedentary students with Eurofit test battery. 2009; Doctoral Dissertation, Gazi University Institute of Health Science, Ankara.
36. Mondal, A. Physical and motor fitness level of ındian school going girls. Int Jour of Sp Sci 2006;18(2):50-64.
37. Loko J, Aule R, Sikkut T, Ereline J, Viru A. Motor performance status in 10 to 17-year-old Estonian girls. Scand J Med Sci Sports 2000;10(2):109-113.
38. Faigenbaum AD, Milliken LA, Loud RL, Burak BT, Doherty CL, Westcott WL. Comparison of 1 and 2 days per week of strength training in children. Research quarterly for exercise and sport 2002;73(4):416-424.
39. Watts PB, Joubert LM, Lish AK, Mats JD, Wilkins B. Anthropometry of young competitive sport rock climbers. Br Journal Sport Medicine 2003;37:420-424.
40. Yenal TH, Camliyer H, Saracoglu AS. The effect of physical education and sports activities on motor skills and abilities in primary education second circuit children. GU Journal of Physical Education and Sports Sciences 1999;4(3):15-24.
41. Saygin O. Physical activity levels of 10-12 years old children and their physical fitness examination. 2003; Doctoral Dissertation, Marmara University Institute of Health Science, Istanbul.
42. Gunay M, Cicioglu I, Siktar E, Siktar E. Exercise in children, women, elderly and special groups. 2018; Ankara: Gazi Kitabevi.
43. Koc H. Administrative and financial structure of gymnastics federation, examination of athletes, coaches, referees, materials. 1996; Example of Bolu province. Master Thesis, Marmara University Institute of Health Sciences, Istanbul.