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Handball, Static Stretching, Dynamic Stretching, Isokinetic Strength
This study aimed to examine and compare the acute effects of static stretching (SS) and dynamic
stretching (DS) on the hip flexor and extensor concentric (CON) isokinetic peak torque (PT) at 60°/s and
180°/s angular speeds in well-trained male handball players. A total of 14 male handball players (mean age
20.28±1.06 years; handball experience 11.50±1.45 years; height 180.64±6.34 cm; weight 73.35±6.60 kg; body
mass index 22.49±1.90 kg/m2) who train at least 4 days a week, 120 min a day, were recruited in this study.
Players were tested for hip flexor and extensor isokinetic PT at 60°/s and 180°/s angular speeds before and 4
min after three different stretching exercise sessions, namely, non-stretching (NS), SS, and DS, with 48-h rest
intervals in a randomized crossover study design. Statistical analysis revealed that no significant difference
(p>0.05) was observed among the stretching exercises in hip CON isokinetic PT values at 60°/s and 180°/s.
The findings of our study are that SS exercises do not have a tension deficit in PT; DS exercises showed that
PT did not increase the hip flexor and extensor CON isokinetic muscle movement more than SS exercises
in male handball players. Based on previous studies, the findings suggest that athletes who are accustomed to
static or dynamic stretching movements in male handball players may be less susceptible to stretch-induced