Main Article Content
Education, Educational Nursing Intervention, Food Frequency Questionnaire, healthy Eating, Prevention, Schoolchildren
Objective: The aim of this research was to explore the food frequency assumption among a sample of school children by assessing nursing interventions in eating education. Design: A correlation study was performed to assess the effectiveness of nursing education in healthy eating among schoolchildren. Setting: Anthropometric parameters were recorded and a Food Frequency Questionnaire was performed by participants and their parents at the enrollment moment (T0) and after six months (T1) from the nursing educational reunion. Participants: 33 schoolchildren who attended the elementary school were enrolled after their parents gave their consents to participation. Results: Differences between BMI were not significant as well as we consider the sex subgroups. Conclusion: Child care contexts provide a salient chance to control children’s eating habits in preschool and school age thanks to knowledge of healthy eating lifestyles.
2. Vitale E, Jirillo E, Magrone T. Determination of Body Mass Index and Physical Activity in Normal Weight Children and evaluation of salivary levels of Interleukin 10 and Interleukin 17. Clinical Immunology, Endocrine & Metabolic Drugs 2014; 1: 80-88.
3. Vitale E, Jirillo E, Magrone T. Correlations between the Youth Healthy Eating Index, Body Mass Index and the Salivary Nitric Oxide Concentration in Overweight/Obese Children. Enocr Metab Immune Disord Drug Targets 2014; 14: 93-101.
4. Sharma SV, Vandewater E, Chuang RJ, et al. Impact of the coordinated approach to child health early childhood program for obesity. Prevention among preschool children: the Texas childhood obesity research demonstration study. Child Obes 2018; 15(1): 1-13.
5. World Health Organization. Report on the commission on ending childhood obesity. Geneva: WHO; 2016.
6. Olstad DL, McCargar L. Prevention of overweight and obesity in children under the age of 6years. Appl Physiol Nutr Metab 2009; 34(4): 551-70.
7. Ward S, et al. Systematic review of the relationship between childcare educators’ practices and preschoolers’ physical activity and eating behaviours. Public Health/Pediatric Obesity 2015; 16: 1055-70.
8. Nadeau KJ, Maahs DM, Daniels SR, et al. Childhood obesity and cardiovascular disease: links and prevention strategies. Nat Rev Cardiol 2011; 8: 513-25.
9. O'Rahilly S, Farooqi IS. Human obesity as a heritable disorder of the central control of energy balance. Int J Obes (Lond) 2008; 32: S55-61.
10. Larson N, et al. What role can child-care settings play in obesity prevention? A review of the evidence and call for research papers. J Am Diet Assoc 2011; 9: 1343-62.
11. Waters E, et al. Interventions for preventing obesity in children. Cochrane Database Syst Rev 2011; 12: 1-211.
12. Hart L, et al. What parents know and want to learn about healthy eating and body image in preschool children: a triangulated qualitative study with parents and Early Childhood Professionals. BMC Public Health 2015; 15: 1-13.
13. Vitale E. A school nursing approach to childhood obesity: an early chronic inflammatory disease. Immunopharmacology and Immunotoxicology 2010; 32: 5-16.
14. Nyberg ST, Batty GD, Pentti J, et al. Obesity and loss of disease-free years owing to major non-communicable diseases: a multicohort study. Lancet Public Health 2018; 3(10):e490-e497.
15. Lanigan, JD. The Relationship between Practices and Child Care Providers’ Beliefs Related to Child Feeding and Obesity Prevention. J Nutr Educ Behav 2012; 44(6): 521-9.
16. CDC Table for Calculated Body Mass Index Values for Selected Heights and Weights for Ages 2 to 20 Years: Accessed May 2018, http://www.cdc.gov/ nccdphp/dnpa/bmi/bmi -for-age.htm.
17. Larson, N, et al. What role can child-care settings play in obesity prevention? A review of the evidence and call for research papers. J Am Diet Assoc 2011; 9: 1343-62.
18. Fatma EG, Nese I, Arzu A, et al. Development and validation of a semi-quantitative food frequency questionnaire to assess dietary intake in Turkish adults. J Pak Med Assoc 2015; 65(7): 756-63.
19. Fadil F, Boon Koon N, Husin HA, et al. Development and validation of a food frequency questionnaire for dietary intake assessment among multi-ethnic school-aged children. Singapore Med J 2015; 56(12): 687-694.
20. Bae YJ, Choi HY, Sung MK, et al. Validity and reproducibility of a food frequency questionnaire to assess dietary nutrients for prevention and management of metabolic syndrome in Korea. Nutr Res Pract 2010; 4: 121-7.
21. van Dongen CJM, Lentjes MAH, Wijckmans NEG, et al. Validation of a food-frequency questionnaire for Flemish and Italian-native subjects in Belgium: The IMMIDIET study. Nutrition 2011; 27: 302-9.
22. Zhou YE, Emerson JS, Levine RS, et al. Childhood obesity prevention interventions in childcare settings: systematic review of randomized and nonrandomized controlled trials. Am J Health Promot 2013; 28: e92-e103.
23. Wright CA. US epidemic: childhood obesity. J Physician Assist Educ 2011; 21: 39-41.
24. Bussell K, Francis L, Armstrong B, et al. Examining nutrition and physical activity policies and practices in Maryland’s child care centers. Childhood Obesity 2018; 14 (6): 403-412.
25. Ward DS, Welker E, Choate A, et al. Strength of obesity prevention interventions in early care and education settings: A systematic review. Prev Med 2017; 95: S37-S52.
26. Prosper MH, Moczulski VL, Qureshi A. Obesity as a predictor of self-rated health. Am J Health Behav. 2009; 33 (3): 319-29.
27. Katz A. Adolescent pregnancy: The good, the bad and the promise. Nursing for Women’s Health 2011; 15(2): 149-152.
28. Brisbois TD, Farmer AP, McCargar LJ. Early markers of adult obesity: a review. Obes Rev. 2012; 13(4): 347-67.
29. Daniels SR, Pratt CA, Hayman LL. Reduction of risk for cardiovascular disease in children and adolescents. Circulation 2011; 124: 1673-86.
30. Bell JA, Hamer M, Batty GD, et al. Incidence of metabolic risk factors among healthy obese adults: 20-year follow-up. J Am Coll Cardiol. 2015; 66: 871-873.