Mediterranean Diet as a model of sustainable, resilient and healthy diet

Main Article Content

Maria Letizia Truzzi
Matteo Ballerini Puviani https://orcid.org/0000-0002-9815-1338
Alberto Tripodi
Silvia Toni
Alberto Farinetti
Milena Nasi http://orcid.org/0000-0003-3079-8001
Anna Vittoria Mattioli http://orcid.org/0000-0003-1487-9530

Keywords

Mediterranean Diet, sustainability, resilience, pyramids

Abstract

A sustainable diet is characterized by food security and accessibility; healthy food, respect for environment
and biodiversity, fair trade, locality/Seasonality and protection of culture, heritage, and skills. Being
in line with these points, the Mediterranean Diet (MedD) has been largely recognized as sustainable and
healthy. As a matter of fact, the MedD is built on the consumption of olive oil, cereals, fruit and vegetables,
a moderate amount of fish, dairy and meat, and many condiments and spices, occasionally accompanied by
wine and coffee. In addition, the MedD promotes social interaction, it has given rise to a considerable body of
cultural habits, it is deeply rooted in local territory, it protects biodiversity, and it ensures the conservation and
development of traditional activities. In conclusion Mediterranean diet promotes not only disease prevention
but also a more advantageous and resilient economy.

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