Nutrition in patients with unilateral neglect

Main Article Content

Fabio Fabbian
Emanuele Di Simone
Noemi Giannetta
Andrea Gazzelloni
Roberto Torre
Jacopo Livadiotti
Flavio Di Muzio
Marzietta Montesano
Alessandra Moriconi
Marco Di Muzio
Sara Dionisi

Keywords

unilateral neglect, nutrition, eating disorders, nurses, meal environment, dysphagia

Abstract

Objective: to evaluate the impact of neglect on patient nutrition and nursing skills to reduce malnutrition. Highlight the main questions that the medical staff provides the best form of nutrition for patients with neglect.


Methods: The purpose of this narrative literature review was to explore empiric literature that surrounds the measures to be carried into the environment of the meal, diet and encourages patient independence with neglect. This literature review to include articles from all countries and national languages (English, Spanish and Italian) that pertain to this topic. Methods OVID Medline, CINAHL, Cochrane, Scopus, Google Scholar and Web of Science were used to identify articles. Twenty-five articles were included according to inclusion and exclusion criteria.


Results: The review shows that damage to the right cerebral hemisphere leads to a higher frequency of dysphagia than lesions in the left cerebral hemisphere. The lack of awareness of the stimuli coming from one side of the space, caused in fact by the neglect, make the feeding of the patient difficult and lead to inhalation and aspiration pneumonia.


Conclusions: Dysphagia contributes to more difficult rehabilitation: patients with neglect have a high risk of developing malnutrition, reduced immune defenses, infections and aspiration pneumonia.

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