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Metabolic syndrome, type 2 diabetes, NCEP-ATPIII criteria, IDF, WHO, Risk factors
Metabolic syndrome is referred to as a combination of cardiometabolic risk factors diagnosed in an individual; such risk factors include insulin resistance, obesity, abdominal deposition of fat, hypertension and a dyslipidemia. People with metabolic syndrome are at a higher risk of developing coronary heart disease, other diseases related to the plaque buildup in the arterial walls (e.g., stroke and peripheral vascular disease), and type 2 diabetes mellitus. The present review summarizes the recent advances in the understanding of metabolic syndrome which has been discussed by different organization. A greater insight into diagnostic criteria of metabolic syndrome may improve our understanding and enable the prevention and management of this complex condition such as type 2 diabetes and cardiovascular disease.