The evaluation of the nutritional habits of 14-25 years old people with skin problems

Main Article Content

Pınar Sökülmez Kaya
Canan Asal Ulus
Bahtinur Taşcı


Nutrition; nutritional habit: skin problem; student


Objective: To investigate the nutritional habits of the 14-25 years old people with skin problems.
Design: We performed a cross-sectional study with random sampling of participants. Skin problems was
questioned with questionnaire form. Last three days food consumption was recorded and food consumption
frequencies were questioned. Also anthropometric measurements were taken. Setting: A state university and
two high school in Samsun, Turkey. Subjects: Students (n =400 ) aged between 14-25 years. Results: Among
students, 251 were women and 149 men. 219 of them have skin problems and 181 didn’t have any skin
problems. Mean BMI (body mass index) of students was 20.95±2.67 kg/ in women and 22.65±3.17 kg/ in
men. Mean body mass index in students with skin problem (SP) was 21.55 ± 2.91 kg/m2 and without SP was
21.61±3.07 kg/. Among students who have SP problems (n = 219), acne (35.2%) was the first skin problem.
Gender, sleep duration, physical activity, frequency of eating out, consumption of tea with food, french fries
consumption, daily water intake amount had a significant difference on skin problems (p<0.05). More skin
problems were found in individuals eating patisseries (p<0.05). Those who not have skin problems were
found to consume more milk, yogurt, buttermilk and mineral water (p<0.05). Conclusions: In this study, it was
showed that skin problems could be affected by environmental and personal properties. In order to establish a
relationship between these problems and nutrition these properties should be examined. There is not enough
research on this subject and another randomized controlled trials are needed to determine the relationship.

Abstract 300 | PDF Downloads 171


1. Öztürk G. Derinin Yapısı ve Görevleri. Türkiye Klinikleri J Cosmetol 1999;2:1-8.
2.Yüregir H. Food for the Skin. Nutrition Bulletin 2009; 34: 383-387.
3. Goluch-Koniuszy ZS. Nutrition of women with hair loss problem during the period of menopause. Menopause Rev/ Prz Menopauzalny 2016;15(1):56-61.
4. Basavaraj KH, Seemanthini C, Rashmi R. Diet In Dermatology: Present Perspective. Indian J Dermatol 2010; 55, 205–210.
5. Zink A, Traidl-Hoffmann C. Green tea in dermatology – myths and facts. J Dtsch Dermatol Ges 2015; 13: 768-775.
6.Maintz L, Novak N. Histamine and histamine intolerance. Am J Clin Nutr 2007;85:1185–1196.
7. Ziboh VA, Miller CC, Cho Y. Metabolism of polyunsaturated fatty acids by skin epidermal enzymes: Generation of anti-inflammatory and antiproliferative metabolites Am J Clin Nutr 2000;71:361–366.
8.Sies H, Stahl W, Sundquist AR. Antioxidant functions of vitamins. Vitamins E and C, beta-carotene, and other carotenoids. Ann NY Acad Sci 1992; 30: 7–20.
9.Strumia R, Varotti E, Manzato E, et al. Skin signs in anorexia nervosa. Dermatology 2001;203:314-317.
10.WHO. Physical status: the use and interpretation of anthropometry. Report of a WHO Expert Committee WHO Technical Report Series 854. Geneva: World Health Organization 1995.
11.Beslenme Bilgi Sistemi, Istanbul: A Turkish Food Code and Nutrient Data Base; Ebispro for Windows,Stuttgart, Germany, 2007,Version II.3 [].
12. Özcebe H. Birinci Basamakta Adolesan Sorunlarına Yaklaşım. Department of Public Health, Faculty of Medicine of Hacettepe University. Master thesis. 2002; 11: 374.
13. Gül Ü. Güneş, Sıcak ve Derimiz. Ankara Med J 2015;15, 145-152.
14. Battie C & Verschoore M. Cutaneous solar ultraviolet exposure and clinical aspects of photodamage. Indian J Dermatol Venereol Leprol 2012;78:9-14.
15. Balk SJ. Council on Environmental Health; Section on Dermatology. Ultraviolet radiation: a hazard to children and adolescents. Pediatrics 2011;127, 791-817.
16. Zouboulis CC, Seltmann H, Hiroi N, et al. Corticotropin-releasing hormone: an autocrine hormone that promotes lipogenesisin human sebocytes. Proc Natl Acad Sci USA 2002;99:7148-7153.
17. Colten H, Altevogt BM. Sleep Disorders and Sleep Deprivation: An Unmet Public Health Problem. The National Academies Press 2006.
18. Oyetakin-White P, Suggs A, Koo B, et al. Does poor sleep quality affect skin ageing?Clin Exp Dermatol 2015; 40:17-22.
19. Hirotsu C, Rydlewski M, Araújo MS, et al. Sleep loss and cytokines levels in an experimental model of psoriasis. Plos One 2012;7:51183.
20. Axelsson J, Sundelin T, Ingre M, et al. Beauty sleep: experimental study on the perceived health and attractiveness of sleep deprived people. Br Med J 2010;34:6614.
21. Sundelin T, Lekander M, Kecklund G, et al. Cues of fatigue: effects of sleep deprivation on facial appearance. Sleep 2013;36:1355–1360.
22. Ahdout J, Kotlerman J, Elashoff D, et al. Modifiable lifestyle factors associated with metabolic syndrome in patients with psoriasis. Clin Exp Dermatol 2012;37:477-483.
23. Rawlings AV, Harding CR. Moisturization and skin barrier function. Dermatol Ther 2004;17:43–48.
24. Kuehl BL, Fyfe KS, Shear NH. Cutaneous cleansers. Skin Therapy Lett. 2003; 8:1–4.
25. Ross EK, Tan E, Shapiro J. Update onprimary cicatricial alopecias. J Am Acad Dermatol 2005;53:1-37.
26. Whiting DA. Chronic telogen effluvium: increased scalp hair shedding in middle- aged women. J Am Acad Dermatol 1996;35:899-906.
27. Bo K, Thoresen M, Dalgard F. Smokers report more psoriasis, but not atopic dermatitis or hand eczema: results from a Norwegian population survey among adults Dermatology 2008; 216:40-45.
28. Miot HA, Miot LD, Lopes PS, et al. Association between palmoplantar pustulosis and cigarette smoking in Brazil: a case-control study. J Eur Acad Dermatol Venereol 2009;23:1173-1177.
29. Model D. Smoker's face: an underrated clinical sign? Br Med J 1985; 291:1760-1762.
30. Jedrychowski W, Perera F, Maugeri U, et al. Effects of prenatal and perinatal exposure to fine air pollutants and maternal fish consumption on the occurrence of infantile eczema. Int Arch Allergy Immunol 2011;155:275-281.
31. Tobin DJ. Biochemistry of human skin-our brain on the outside. Chem Soc Rev 2006;35:52–67.
32. Kantor J, Kessler LJ, Brooks DG, et al. Decreased serum ferritin is associated with alopecia in women. J Invest Dermatol 2003;121: 985-958.
33. Deloche C, Bastien P, Chadoutaud S, et al. Low iron stores: a risk factor for excessive hair loss in non-menopausal women. Eur J Dermatol 2007;17:507-512.
34. Rushton DH. Nutritional factors and hair loss. Clin Dermatol 2002;27:396-404.
35. Sinclair R. There is no clear association between low serum ferritin and chronic diffuse telogen hair loss. Br J Dermatol 2002;147:982-984.
36. Bregy A, Trüeb RM. No asociation between serum ferritin levels >10 μg/l and hair loss activity in women. Dermatology 2008;217:1-6.
37. Trost LB, Bergfeld WF, Calogeras E. The diagnosis and the treatment of iron deficiency and its potential relationship to hair loss. J Am Acad Dermatol 2006;54:824-844.
38. . Kazakevich N, Moody MN, Landau JM, et al. Alcohol and skin disorders: with a focus on psoriasis. Skin Therapy Lett 2011;16:5-6.
39. Smith KE, Fenske NA. Cutaneous manifestations of alcohol abuse. J Am Acad Dermatol 2000;43:1-16.
40.Zouboulis CC, Nestoris S, Adler YD, et al. A new concept for acne therapy: a pilot study with zileuton, an oral 5-lipoxygenase inhibitor. Arch Dermatol 2003;139, 668-670.
41. Atakan N. Derinin Bariyer Fonksiyonu. Turkiye Klinikleri J Cosmetol 2004;5, 97-100.
42. Mak WM & Thirumoorthy T. A case of scurvy in Singapore in the year 2006. Singapore Med J 2007;48:1151–1155.
43. Tamura Y, Welch DC, Zic JA, et al. Scurvy presenting as painful gait with bruising in a young boy. Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med. 2000;154:732–735.
44. Rostan EF, DeBuys HV, Madey DL, et al. Evidence supporting zinc as an important antioxidantfor skin. Int J of Dermatol 2002;4:606-611.
45. Ünlü E & Erdem C. Deri Yaşlanmasında Korunma ve Tedavi Yöntemleri, Dermatoz 2010;1:23 – 31.
46. Cordain L. Implications for the role of diet in acne. Semin Cutan Med Surg 2005;24:84-91.
47. Smith RN, Mann NJ, Braue A, et al. A low glycemic load diet improves symptoms in acne vulgaris patients: a randomized controlled trial. Am J Clin Nutr 2007;86:107-115.
48. Uenishi T, Sugiura H, Uehara M. Role of foods in irregular aggravation of atopic dermatitis. J Dermatol 2003;30:91–97.
49. Wang J. Management of the Patient with Multiple Food Allergies. Curr Allergy Asthma Rep 2010;10:271–277.
50. Bath-Hextall F, Delamere FM, Williams HC. Dietary exclusions for established atopic eczema. Cochrane Database Syst Rev 2008;23:1-16.