Main Article Content
Mediterranean diet, Chronic renal disease, Obesity, Cardiovasvascular disease, DASH diet.
Chronic renal disease (CKD) is a social problem affecting millions of patients characterized by loss of renal function and related to metabolic diseases. The approach from the dietary point of view to this problem could be a perfect strategy to slow down the progression of the disease and at the same time the problems of malnutrition typical of CKD.
Several studies show that the Mediterranean diet (MD) may play a key role in the control of the early stages of the disease. Even if the MD showed be the best diet for the control of metabolic diseases and for the general well-being, in the case of the patient in CKD, the MD to be safe and without any side effects for this specific category of patients should be adapted in what is called the DASH diet, characterized by the typical roles of the MD but with a controlled intake of minerals and proteins.