Biochemical characteristics of sweet cherry germplasm in Turkey

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Ihsan Canan
Muttalip Gundogdu
Sezai Ercisli
Selma Berk
Onur Saracoglu

Keywords

antioxidant capacity, cherry, phenolic compounds, organic acids, sugars

Abstract

In this study, phenolic compounds, organic acids, sugars, vitamin C and total antioxidant activities of national (0900 Ziraat, Malatya Dalbasti and Sari Kiraz) and universal (Merton Late, Vista, Bing and Lambert) sweet cherry cultivars  and one genotype (1355) were investigated. We determined fourteen phenolic compounds, five organic acids and three sugars in sweet cherry fruit. In general, gallic, vanilic and ellagic acid were major phenolic compounds in fruit of sweet cherry cultivars and genotype. The genotype1355 had more phenolic compounds compared to cultivars. It was determined that malic acid was frequently determined among the fruit of investigated cultivars and genotype. It was observed the highest sugar content was measured in 1355 genotype and 0900 Ziraat cultivar. Total antioxidant capacity was the highest (9.22 µmol TE g-1) in fruit of cultivar 0900 Ziraat. Overall the genotype 1355 found the most promising due to having favorable properties and could be recommended for farmers and consumers.

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