The Relationship of Emotional Eating Behavior with Stress and Depression in Adults Emotional Eating, Stress and Depression

Main Article Content

Özlem Tekir
Songül Duran

Keywords

emotional eating behavior, stress, depression

Abstract

Aim: The purpose of this study is to investigate the relationship of emotional eating behavior with stress and depression in adults.


Methods: This is a descriptive and cross-sectional study. The sample of the study consisted of 384 individuals who satisfied the study’s inclusion criteria and volunteered to participate in the study. The data of the study were collected with the method of face to face interview using a personal information form, the Emotional Eating Scale, Ways of Coping Questionnaire and Beck Depression Inventory.


Results: In the study, the Pearson's correlation analysis revealed a negative correlation between EES and the Effective Coping subscale (p<0.01). There was a positive correlation between EES and the Ineffective Coping subscale scores and the total mean score of depression. The predictive power of the linear regression model was calculated as 53%. While the scores for EES were positively correlated with variables such as BMI, ineffective coping methods, Beck Depression Inventory scores, they were negatively correlated with age and effective coping methods levels.


Conclusion: This study found significant relationships in the positive direction between emotional eating and scores of ineffective coping methods and depression.


Keywords: emotional eating behavior, stress, depression

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.
Abstract 22 |

References

1. Akın A, Yıldız B, Özçelik B. The validity and reliability of Turkish version of The Emotional Eater Scale. The Journal of Internatial Social Research. 2016;9(44):776-781.
2. Bilgen SŞ. Development of Turkish emotional eating scale, validity and reliability study. Master thesis, Üsküdar Üniversitesi, Sosyal Bilimler Enstitüsü, İstanbul, 2018.
3. Wang H, Li J. Positive perfectionism, negative perfectionism, and emotional eating: The mediating role of stress. Eat Behav. 2017;26:45-49.
4. Serin Y, Şanlıer N. Duygusal yeme, besin alımını etkileyen faktörler ve temel hemşirelik yaklaşımları. J Psychiatric Nurs. 2018;9(2):135-146.
5. Lazarevich I, Irigoyen Camacho ME, Velazquez-Alva MDC, Zepeda Zepeda M. Relationship among obesity, depression, and emotional eating in young adults. Appetite. 2016;107:639-644.
6. Tan CC, Choe CM. Stress and emotional eating: The mediating role of eating dysregulation. Pers Individ Dif. 2014;66:1–4.
7. Chao A, Grey M, Whittemor R, Reuning-Scherer J, Grilo CM, Sinha R. Examining the mediating roles of binge eating and emotional eating in the relationships between stress and metabolic abnormalities. J Behav Med. 2016; 39:320–332.
8. van Strien T, Cebolla A, Etchemendy E, Gutiérrez-Maldonado J, Ferrer-García M, Botella C, Baños R. Emotional eating and food intake after sadness and joy. Appetite. 2013;66:20–25.
9. Fox CK, Gross AC, Rudser KD, Foy AM, Kelly AS. Depression, anxiety, and severity of obesity in adolescents: is emotional eating the link? Clin Pediatr (Phila). 2016;55(12):1120-1125.
10. Höppener MM, Larsen JK, van Strien T, Ouwens MA, Winkens LH, Eisinga R. Depressive symptoms and emotional eating: Mediated by mindfulness? Mindfulness. 2019;10(4):670-678.
11. Frayn M, Knäuper B. Emotional eating, and weight in adults: A review. Curr Psychol. 2018;37(4):924-933.
12. Aktürk Ü, Gül E, Erci B. The effect of Orthorexia Nervosa levels of nursing students and diet behaviors and socio-demographic characteristics. Ecol Food Nutr. 2019; 58(4), 397-409.
13. Şahin NH, Durak A. Stresle başa çıkma tarzları ölçeği: Üniversite öğrencileri için uyarlanması. Türk Psikoloji Derg. 1995;10(34):56-73
14. Hisli N. Beck Depresyon Envaterinin Üniversite öğrencileri için geçerliği, güvenirliği 1989:3-13
15. İlker Y. Investigation of behavioural inhibition and behavioural activation system in relationship between feeding disorders and emotional feed. Master thesis, Üsküdar Üniversitesi, Sosyal Bilimler Enstitüsü, İstanbul, 2018.
16. Duran S, Ergün S, Çalışkan T, Karadaş A. The relationship between the eating behaviours and problem-solving skills among nursing students. STED. 2016; 25(1):6-12.
17. Cheng ZH, Perko VL, Fuller-Marashi L, Gau JM, Stice E. Ethnic differences in eating disorder prevalence, risk factors, and predictive effects of risk factors among young women. Eat Behav 2019;32:23–30.
18. Manister NN, Gigliotti E. Emotional eating mediates the relationship between role stress and obesity in clergy. Nurs Sci Q. 2016;29(2):136-145.
19. Litwin R, Goldbacher EM, Cardaciotto L, Gambrel LE. Negative emotions and emotional eating: the mediating role of experiential avoidance. Eat. Weight Disord. 2017;22(1):97-104.
20. Young D, Limbers CA. Avoidant coping moderates the relationship between stress and depressive emotional eating in adolescents. Eat Weight Disord. 2017;22(4):683-691.
21. Macht M, Simons G. Emotions and eating in everyday life. Appetite. 2000;35(1):65-71.
22. Debeuf T, Verbeken S, van Beveren ML, Michels N, Braet C. Stress and eating behavior: A daily diary study in youngsters. Front Psychol. 2018;9:2657.
23. Altheimer G, Urry HL. Do emotions cause eating? The role of previous experiences and social context in emotional eating. Cur Dir Psychol Sci. 2019;1-7
24. Sevinçer GM, Konuk N, İpekçioğlu D, Crosby RD, Cao L, Coskun H, Mitchell JE. Association between depression and eating behaviors among bariatric surgery candidates in a Turkish sample. Eat Weight Disord. 2017;22(1):117-123.
25. Goldschmidt AB, Crosby RD, Engel SG, Crow SJ, Cao L, Peterson CB, Durkin N. Affect and eating behaviour in obese adults with and without elevated depression symptoms. Int J Eat Disord. 2014;47(3):281-286.
26. Konttinen H, Männistö S, Sarlio-Lähteenkorva S, Silventoinen K, Haukkala A. Emotional eating, depressive symptoms, and self-reported food consumption. A population-based study. Appetite. 2010;54(3):473-479.
27. Dressler H, Smith C. Depression affects emotional eating and dietary intake and is related to food insecurity in a group of multiethnic, low-income women. Journal of Hunger & Environmental Nutrition. 2015;10(4):496-510.
28. Pickett S, McCoy TP, Odetola L. The ınfluence of chronic stress and emotions on eating behavior patterns and weight among young African American women. West J Nurs Res. 16, 42(11), 894-902.
29. Stojek MM, Tanofsky‐Kraff M, Shomaker LB, Kelly NR, Thompson KA, Mehari RD, Marwitz SE, Demidowich AP, Galescu OA, Brady SM, Yanovski SZ, Yanovski JA. Associations of adolescent emotional and loss of control eating with 1‐year changes in disordered eating, weight, and adiposity. Int J Eat Disord. 2017;50(5):551-560.
30. Dohle S, Hartmann C, Keller C. Physical activity as a moderator of the association between emotional eating and BMI: Evidence from the Swiss Food Panel. Psychol Health. 2014;29(9):1062-1080.
31. Michopoulos V, Powers A, Moore C, Villarreal S, Ressler KJ, Bradley B. The mediating role of emotion dysregulation and depression on the relationship between childhood trauma exposure and emotional eating. Appetite. 2015;91:129-136.