Culture and Adherence to the Mediterranean Diet: An Island’s Scope

Main Article Content

Taygun Dayi https://orcid.org/0000-0003-2491-7609
Adile Oniz https://orcid.org/0000-0002-6619-4106

Keywords

MEDAS, Cyprus, Mediterranean diet, culture, Mediterranean region

Abstract

Introduction: The Mediterranean diet is a nutritional model which is known with the Mediterranean countries. It is based on the nutritional habits and lifestyles of people from the region incorporating nutrition, physical activity, food production etc. The island of Cyprus is centrally located in the eastern part of the region. There are cultural differences between the northern and southern sides. Besides native islanders there are latecomers who have migrated to the for education, work or retirement.


Objective: This study is aimed to determine locals -from each side- and latecomers’ adherence to the Mediterranean diet and relation between food production and the Mediterranean diet adaptation.


Methods: Participation was voluntary in this presented study. General background and food production were determined with questionnaire developed by researchers. Overall, adherence to the Mediterranean diet was conducted by Mediterranean Diet Adherence Screener (MEDAS).


Results: The mean MEDAS score was 7.46 ± 2.23 points, while the Southern side of the island had a higher adaptation (due to more red wine and white meat consumption). According to results as latecomers’ duration in the island increased, their MEDAS scores improved (i.e. who lived in this island more than ten years had the highest MEDAS in latecomers subgroup). Strikingly, participants -who produced their own foods- had higher score in proportion to production volume.


Conclusion: Consequently, modification of current Mediterranean Diet Pyramid with locally available and traditional foods promotes an ideal adherence.

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