Main Article Content
breastfeeding, traditional practices, weaning, plant, food
Background: It is a known fact that traditional practices mothers use in increasing breast milk
supply and weaning differ in different parts of countries and even among communities sharing the same city.
This study was conducted to find out the use of herbal tea and some foods to increase breast milk, the traditional methods used for weaning and the factors influencing these.
Methods: This study is descriptive and cross-sectional. Three cities in Turkey with different levels of development in terms of geographical and socio economic regions were chosenThe data of the study were collected through a questionnaire form developed by the researchers.
Results: It was found that the mothers who received breast milk increasing training the most were in eastern
region, while mothers in western region fed their babies with formula since they thought their milk was not
enough and this result was found to be statistically significant (p<0.05). In our study, it was found that 42.1%
of the mothers resorted to some plants and foods to increase breast milk. When the mothers were asked about
how they weaned their babies, it was found that 38.2% pasted things like hair and wool or put tomato paste on
the breast, 26.9% applied bitter food on the nipple while 27.7% stated that the babies stopped breastfeeding
spontaneously. It was found that mothers
-Tırak Ü, Dilli D, Emeksiz S, Dallar Y. The effect of a galactagogue herbal tea on weight gain during newborn period.J Child. 2008; 8(1):14-20.
-Yılmaz E, Öcal FD, Yılmaz ZV, Ceyhan M, Kara OF, Küçüközkan T. Early initiation and exclusive breastfeeding: Factors influencing the attitudes of mothers who gave birth in a baby-friendly hospital. Turkısh Journal Of Obstetrıcs And Gynecology. 2017; 14(1), 1-9. doi: 10.4274/tjod.90018
-Dinç A, Donbaz İ, Dinç D. Tradıtıonal practıces related to breast mılk and breastfeedıng of mothers wıth babıes of 6-18 months. Balıkesır Health Scıences Journal. 2015; 4(3):125-130.
-Geçkil E, Şahin T, Ege E. Traditional postpartum practices of women and infants and the factors influencing such practices in South Eastern Turkey. Midwifery 2009; 25(1):62-71. DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.midw.2006.12.007
- Daglas M, Antoniou E. Cultural views and practices related to breastfeeding. Health Scıence Journal. 2012; 6(2):353-361.
- Joshi PC, Angdembe MR, Das SK, Ahmed S, Faruque ASG, Ahmed T. Prevalence of exclusive breastfeeding and associated factors among mothers in rural Bangladesh: A cross-sectional study. International Breastfeeding Journal. 2014; 9(7): 1-8. https://doi.org/10.1186/1746-4358-9-7
-Osman H, El Zein L, Wick L. Cultural beliefs that may discourage breastfeeding among Lebanese women: a qualitative analysis. International Breastfeeding Journal. 2009; 4(12):1-6.
-Sakarya A, İbişoğlu Ç. Analyzing the socio-economic development ındex of cities in turkey with geographically weighted regression model. Marmara Geographical Review. 2015;32: 211-238.
-Bolat F, Uslu S, Bolat G, Bülbül A, Arslan S, Çelik M, Cömert S, Nuhoğlu A. İlk Altı Ayda Anne Sütü ile Beslenmeye Etki Eden Faktörler. J Child. 2011; 11(1):5-13.
-Aytekin A, Sarıkaya P, Küçükoğlu S. Çalışan ve çalışmayan annelerin bebek beslenmesine yönelik davranışlarının incelenmesi. The Medical Bulletin of Şişli Etfal Hospital. 2015;49(1): 68-75.
-Irmak N. The importance of breastmilk and the factors that effect exclusive breastfeeding. Jour Turk Fam Phy. 2016; 7 (2): 27-31
-Yeşildal N, Aytar G, Kocabay K, Mayda AS, Dağlı ÇS, Bahçebaşı T. Breastfeeding practices in Düzce, Turkey. Journal Human Lactation. 2008; 24(4):393-400.
-Balcı E, Kondolot M, Horoz D, Elmalı F, Çiçek B, Demirtaş T. The factors affecting the duration of breastfeeding: a cross-sectional study from Kayseri, Turkey. Turkısh Archives of Pediatrics. 2012; 47: 99-103.
- Gökduman M, Akdolun BN. Use of herbal tea to enhance breastmilk and the affecting factors. Journal of Dokuz Eylül University Faculty of Nursing. 2010; 3(4): 187-194.
- Ergenekon ÖP, Elmacı N, Ertem M, Saka G. Breastfeeding beliefs and practices among migrant mothers in slums of Diyarbakir, Turkey, 2001. Eur J Public Health. 2006; 16(2):143-8.
- Aydın S, Olgun G. Maternal attitudes to breastfeeding and weaning reasons ın Isparta. Medical Journal of Süleyman Demirel University 2000; 7(3):16-8.
- Gölbaşı Z, Koç G. Beastfeeding behaviour of women during postpartum first six months and effect of prenatal breastfeeding attitude on postpartum breastfeeding. Journal of Hacettepe University Faculty of Nursing. 2008; 16-31.
-Akgün T. Nutrition on breastfeeding and the affecting factors. Unpublished Master Dissertation, Marmara University Medicine Faculty Family Health Department,2006,Istanbul.
-Demirtaş B. Emzirmeyi etkileyen kültürel değerler. Hacettepe Üniversitesi Sağlık Bilimleri Enstitüsü Yayınlanmamış Doktora Tezi, 2005, Ankara.
- Kahriman İ. Trabzon il merkezinde 6–12 aylık çocuğu olan annelerin bebek bakımına ilişkin geleneksel uygulamaları, Yayınlanmamış Yüksek Lisans Tezi, Karadeniz Teknik Üniversitesi Salık Bilimleri Enstitüsü,2007, Trabzon.
-Turkyılmaz C, Onal E, Hirfanoglu IM, et al. The effect of galactagogue herbal tea on breast milk production and short-term catch-up of birth weight in the first week of life. J Altern Complement Med. 2011;17(2):139–142. DOI: 10.1089/acm.2010.0090
-Tanrıverdi S, Altun KÖ, Kültürsay N, Egemen A. Mothers opinions and attitudes about the factors ıncreasing breast milk. The Journal of Pediatric Research. 2014;1(2):84-6.
-Dinç S. Traditional practices used by mothers who had children aged 0-1 year and who were registered to fhc number 4 located ın Şanliurfa City Center. Nursing Bulletin. 2005; 2 (1),53-63.
-Işık MT, Akçınar M, Kadıoğlu S. Traditional practices applied to mother and newborn during pregnancy, labor and postpartum periods in Mersin. İnternational Journal of Human Sciences. 2010; 7(1): 63-84.
-Karabulutlu Ö. Traditional practices applied to maintenance of mother during pregnancy and postpartum period in Kars. Florance Nightingale Journal of Nursing. 2014;22(3): 145-151.
-Erkaya R, Gürsoy AA, Güler H. Foods eaten by mothers ın order to enhance breast milk. Gümüşhane University Journal of Health Sciences. 2015; 4(3): 373-387.
-Eğri G. Traditional post-partum child caring practices used by mothers who were married and belonged to 15-49 age group ın a fhc in Tokat province. Unpublished Master Dissertation. Cumhuriyet University Health Sciences Institute, 2006, Sivas.
-Katebi V. Examination of traditional practices on pregnancy, birth and postpartum period among the married women who were aged ≥ 15, lived ın two different countries and cultures. Master Dissertation, Ege University Health Sciences Institute, 2002, Izmir.
- Ünsal H, Atlıhan F, Özkan H, Targan Ş, Hassoy H. The tendency to breastfeed in a certain population and influential factors. Journal of Child Health and Diseases.2005;48(3): 226-233.
-Yapıcıoğlu H, Tutak E, Yıldızdaş D, Narlı N, Evliyaoğlu N, Satar, M. Hemşirelerin anne sütü ile ilgili bilgileri, anne olan hemşirelerin anne sütü ile beslenmedeki tutumları. Clinical Sciences & Doctors. 2002; 8(1): 71-5.
-Kaynar TE, Dündar C, Pekşen Y. The level of knowledge and behaviors of midwives about breastfeeding. Kocatepe Medical Journal. 2005; 6(1):43-48.