Main Article Content



COVID-19; Nutritional Habits; SCL-90-R; Psychosocial Risk Factors; Occupational Health


Background: It is anticipated that the fear caused by the possible consequences of Covid-19 virus transmission and the sense of restraint caused by control applications such as quarantine may affect individuals', especially employees' psychological parameters and change their habits. Objectives: The aim of this study is explaining the effect of pandemic conditions and precautionary practices on the psychological parameters and nutritional habits of employees. Methods: In this direction, The SCL-90-R test, which was applied to 400 office workers before the pandemic, was reapplied during the pandemic period and the differences between the psychological symptoms were evaluated statistically. In addition, a mini questionnaire was applied on the change of daily nutritional habits after the pandemic. Results: In the period of pandemic compared to before the pandemic; a definite statistical difference was determined in somatization, interpersonal sensitivity, depression, anxiety, phobic anxiety, paranoid, and general symptom index symptoms. In addition, an acceptable difference was found for the increase in symptoms of paranoid ideation and obsessive-compulsive, and there was no statistical difference only in symptoms of hostility and psychoticism. In addition, it was found that the majority of the participants experienced a change in their daily eating methods. Conclusion: The increase in almost all of the psychological parameters is not evidence of psychological diseases. However, according to the average results, the parameters closest to evaluation as a problem comply with the observed behaviors in pandemic conditions. The change in nutrition methods is also thought to be a reflection of the psychological factors that changed during the pandemic period.


Download data is not yet available.
Abstract 13 | PDF Downloads 5


1. Boyle T. Health and Safety: Risk Management. New York: Routledge, 2002, 2:25–39.
2. Derogatis LR. Symptom Checklist-90-R: Administration, Scoring, and Procedures Manual. NCS Pearson. 1975.
3. DiGiovanni C, Conley J, Chiu D, Zaborski J. Factors influencing compliance with quarantine in Toronto during the 2003 SARS outbreak. Biosecur Bioterror, 2004, 2:265-272.
4. Efe OF, Efe B. Evaluation of Ergonomic Risks Belong to Formation of Work Accidents in the Textile Sector. Suleyman Demirel University Journal of Engineering Sciences and Design SI: Ergonomics, 2015, 3:623-629.
5. Field AP. Discovering Statistics Using SPSS for Windows: Advanced Techniques for the Beginner. London: Sage Publications. 2000.
6. Hall JA, Bernieri FJ. Interpersonal Sensitivity: Theory and Measurement. New Jersey: Psychology Press. 2001.
7. Hallowell M, Esmaeili B, Chinowsky P. Safety risk interactions among highway construction work tasks. Construction Management and Economics, 2011, 29:4, 417-429.
8. Hollander E, Wong CM. Obsessive-compulsive spectrum disorders. The Journal of Clinical Psychiatry, 1995, 56:3–6.
9. Huizingh E. Applied Statistics with SPSS. London: Sage Publications. 2007.
10. Kenneth MC. Modeling a Paranoid Mind. Cambridge University Press, 1981, 4:515-534.
11. Lim SY, Kim EJ, Kim A, Lee HJ, Choi HJ, Yang SJ. Nutritional Factors Affecting Mental Health. Clin Nutr Res. 2016;5(3):143-152.
12. Lipowski ZJ. Somatization: The Consept and Its Clinical Application. Am J Psychiatry, 1998, 145:11, 1358-1368.
13. Pfefferbaum B, North CS. Mental Health and the Covid-19 Pandemic. The New England Journal of Medicine. 2020.
14. Prem K, Liu Y, Russell TW, Kucharski AJ, Eggo RM, Davies N et al. The effect of control strategies to reduce social mixing on outcomes of the COVID-19 epidemic in Wuhan, China: a modelling study. The Lancet Public Health. 2020.
15. Rao TS, Asha MR, Ramesh BN, Rao KS. Understanding nutrition, depression and mental illnesses. Indian J Psychiatry. 2008;50(2):77-82.
16. Rausand M. Risk Assessment: Theory, Methods, and Applications. New Jersey: John Wiley& Sons Inc. 2011.
17. Tian F, Li H, Tian S, Yang J, Shao J, Tian C. Psychological symptoms of ordinary Chinese citizens based on SCL-90 during the level I emergency response to COVID-19. Psychiatry Research, Volume 288, June 2020, 112992.
18. World Health Organization, 2020a. Getting your workplace ready for COVID-19: How COVID-19 spreads. 19 March 2020, World Health Organization.
19. World Health Organization, 2020b. Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) strategic preparedness and response plan: Accelerating readiness in the Eastern Mediterranean Region: February 2020, World Health Organization, Regional Office for the Eastern Mediterranean.
20. World Medical Association. Declaration of Helsinki: Ethical Principles for Medical Research Involving Human Subjects. Helsinki, Finland. 1964.
21. Yazicioglu Y, Erdogan S. Spss Applied Scientific Research Methods. Ankara: Detay Publishing, 2004, 49-50.