Main Article Content
Prenatal education class, infant feeding, Iowa Infant Feeding Attitude Scale
Objective: To determine infant feeding attitudes of a group of women who attended prenatal education class and to review some variables that are believed to be associated.
Material and methods: Infant feeding attitudes of the mothers were assessed with the Iowa Infant Feeding Attitude Scale. Mann-Whitney U test and Kruskal-Wallis test were used for the analyses.
Results: The scores obtained from the Iowa Infant Feeding Attitude Scale by the mothers ranged from 44 to 79 with a mean score of 65.55 ± 5.71. The women younger than 35 years of age, women whose spouse is 35 years old and older, those with a good family income, those who had postnatal breastfeeding education, those who breastfed their child within the first one hour after childbirth, those who exclusively feed their infant with breast milk for two months and longer, those who breastfed for a total of 12 months and longer, and those who started complementary feeding at 12 months of age and later had higher scores from the Iowa Infant Feeding Attitude Scale.
Conclusion and suggestions: It can be suggested that a group of mothers who attended prenatal education class had positive infant feeding attitudes in our study.
2. Dungy CI, McInnes RJ, Tappin DM, Wallis AB, Oprescu F. Infant feeding attitudes and knowledge among socioeconomically disadvantaged women in Glasgow. Matern Child Health J 2008; 12:313–22.
3. Scott JA, Shaker I, Reid M. Parental attitudes toward breastfeeding: their association with feeding outcome at hospital discharge. Birth 2004; 31:125-31.
4. Sittlington J, Stewart-Knox B, Wright M, Bradbury I, Scott JA. Infant-feeding attitudes of expectant mothers in Northern Ireland. Health Education Research 2007; 22: 561-70.
5. Global strategy for infant and young child feeding: The optimal duration of exclusive breastfeeding. World Health Organization, 2013.
6. Arca G, Isik HK. The role of midwife and nurse in breastfeeding. University of Health Sciences Journal of Nursing 2019; 1(3),221-228.
7. Selimoglu A. Sağlıktavehastalıktaçocukbeslenmesi (Child nutrition in health and sickness). Edition 3, Istanbul, OmurMatbaacilik A.S, 2014.
8. Fewtrell M, Wilson DC, Booth I et al. Six months of exclusive breastfeeding: how good is the evidence? BMJ 342: 59-55, 2011.
9. Samli G, Kara B, Unalan PC et al. Knowledge, beliefs and practices of mothers about breastfeeding and infant nutrition: A qualitative study. Marmara Medical Journal 19: 13-20, 2006.
10. Jones F, Green M. Baby Friendly Care. Can Nurse 1993;89(9):36-9.
11. Forste R, Weiss J, Lippincott E. The decision to breastfeed in the United States: does race matter? Pediatrics 2001;108(2):291-6.
12. Eksioglu A, Yesil Y, Ceber Turfan E. The Translation and Validation of the Iowa Infant Feeding Attitude Scale into Turkish: Validity and Reliability Study. Journal of Education and Research in Nursing. 2016; 13 (3): 209-215.
13. Koc G, Tezcan S, Can D. Evaluating the knowledge, opinions, and attitudes of mothers regarding the breastfeeding coaching. Journal of Contemporary Medicine 2017;7 (2): 175-183.
14. Meedya S, Fahy K, Parratt J, Yoxall J. Supporting women to achieve breastfeeding to six months postpartum – The theoretical foundations of a successful program. Women and Birth 2015; 28: 265-71.
15. Erdem O, Bucaktepe P. The prevalence and screening methods of postpartum depression. Dicle Medical Journal 39: 458-61, 2012.
16. Calik KY, Cetin FC, Erkaya R. Breastfeeding practices of mothers and influencing practices. Gumushane University Journal of Health Science 2017;6 (3): 80-91.
17. Holbrook JH, Haselton MG, Schetter CD, Glynn LM. Does Breastfeeding Offer Protection Against Maternal Depressive Symptomatology? A Prospective Study from Pregnancy to 2 Years After Birth .Archives of Women s Mental Health 2013;16(5):6-15
18. Shaker I. Scott JA. Reid M. Issues and innovations in nursing practice. Journal of Advenced Nursing 2004;45(3);260-26
19. Van Rossem L, Oenema A, Steegers EA, Moll HA, Jaddoe VW, Hofman A, et al. Are starting and continuing breastfeeding related to educational background? The generation R study. Pediatrics 2009;123(6):e1017–27
20. Al-Sahab B, Andrea Lanes, Mark Feldman, Hala Tamim. Prevalence and predictors of 6-month exclusive breastfeeding among Canadian women: a national survey BMC Pediatrics. 2010; 10(20):2-9.
21. Inanc BB. Breastfeeding related practices of 15-49 years old mothers and influencing factors. Turkish Journal of Family Practice 2013;17:51-5. 20.
22. Akkoyun S, Arslan FT. Breastfeeding self-efficacy of mothers who breastfed for first six months. J Pediatr Res 2016;3(4):191-5 DOI:10.4274/jpr.50469
23. Dogan G. Evaluation of information, attitudes and behaviors of mothers on infant nutrition and postpartum depression status. Baskent University Institute of Health Sciences, Nutrition and Dietetics Program. Master Thesis, Ankara, 2019.
24. Khanal V, Scott J A, Lee AH, Karkee R, Binns, CW. (2015). Factors associated with early initiation of breastfeeding in Western Nepal. International Journal of Environmental Research And Public Health, 12(8): 9562-9574.
25. Merten S, Dratva J and Liebrich UA. Do baby-friendly hospitals influence breastfeeding duration on a national level? Pediatrics 2005;116(5):702-8.
26. Malini DP, Janel Mensinger. Maternal breastfeeding attitudes: association with breastfeeding intent and socio-demographics among urban primiparas. Journal of Community Health 2008, 33(2):53-60.
27. Kylee N. Cox, Roslyn C. Giglia, and Colin W. Binns. The influence of infant feeding attitudes on breastfeeding duration: evidence from a cohort study in rural Western Australia. Cox et al. International Breastfeeding Journal. 2015;10(25) :2-9.DOI 10.1186/s13006-015-0048-3.
28. Aytekin A, Sarikaya P, Kucukoglu S. Investigation of the attitudes of working and non-working mothers regarding infant feeding. The Medical Bulletin of Sisli Etfal Hospital 2015;49(1):68-75.
29. Cakmak S, Dengi ASD. Assessment of knowledge of postpartum mothers on importance of breastfeeding and breast milk. Turkish Journal of Family Practice 2019;23(1):9-19.
30. Mekuria G, Edris M. Exclusive breastfeeding and associated factors among mothers in Debre Markos, Northwest Ethiopia: A cross-sectional study. J Int Breastfeed 2015; 10(1):2-7.
31. AlusTokat M, Okumus H. Mothers breastfeeding self-efficacy and success: Analysis the effect of education based on improving breastfeeding self-efficacy. Journal of Education and Research in Nursing 2013;10 (1): 21-29.
32. McCarter-Spaulding D, Gore R. Breastfeeding self-efficacy in women of African Descent. J ObstetGynecol Neonatal Nurs2009, 38:230-243.
33. Ince T, Aktas G, Aktepe N, Aydin A. The evaluation of the factors affecting mothers’ breastfeeding self-efficacy and breastfeeding success. Journal of Dr. BehcetUz Children’s Hospital 2017, 7(3):183-190
34. Aidam BA, Perez-Escamilla R, Lartey A, Aidam J. Factors associated with exclusive breastfeeding in Accra, Ghana. European Journal of Clinical Nutrition 2005;59:789- 796
35. Leslie S, Wiles RN. The effect of prenatal breastfeeding education on breastfeeding success and maternal perception of the infant. Journal of Obstetric, Gynecologic & Neonatal Nursing 2006; 13(4):253-257. 27.
36. Li-Yin SS, Chien LY, Tai CJ, Lee CF. Effectiveness of a prenatal education program on breastfeeding outcomes in Taiwan. Journal of Clinical Nursing 2008; 17(3):296- 30.
37. Ugurlu, M, Yavan, T. (2016). The effectiveness of breastfeeding education: an integrative review. Journal of Behavioral Health, 5(4), 182-190. doi: 10.5455/jbh.20160224063449