Health Belief Regarding Leisure Time Physical Activity and Nutritional Attitude: Are They Related in Athletic and Sedentary University Students

Main Article Content

Neslişah Aktaş Üstün
Ümit Doğan Üstün
Utku Işık
Adem Yapıcı

Keywords

Health Belief, Leisure-Time Physical Activity, Nutrition, Malnutrition, Sedentary

Abstract

Study Objectives: The present study aimed to investigate the differences in the perception of health belief regarding leisure-time physical activity and nutritional attitudes of athletic and sedentary university students. Besides, analyzing the correlations between the phenomena was another aim. Materials and Method: The study was designed as a cross-sectional quantitative study, and 286 university students from Hatay Mustafa Kemal University participated in the study. In analyzes of the data independent samples t-test and Partial Correlation analyzes were used. Results: As a result, this study showed that only self-efficacy makes a difference in the health belief regarding leisure-time physical activity for the athletes. Besides, the health belief regarding leisure-time physical activity and nutritional attitude correlates in both athletic and sedentary samples. Conclusion: To achieve substantive health benefits, efforts to increase leisure time physical activity and healthy nutritional attitudes should be encouraged.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.
Abstract 35 | PDF Downloads 58

References

1. Warburton DE, Nicol CW, Bredin SS. Health benefits of physical activity: the evidence. CMAJ 2006; 174(6): 801–9; doi: 10.1503/cmaj.051351
2. Sothern MS, Loftin M, Suskind RM, et al. The health benefits of physical activity in children and adolescents: implications for chronic disease prevention. Eur J Pediatr 1999, 158: 271-4.
3. Janssen I, LeBlanch AG. Systematic review of the health benefits of physical activity and fitness in school-aged children and youth. International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity 2010; 7: 40; doi: 10.1186/1479-5868-7-40
4. Musich S, Wang SS, Hawkins K, et al. The frequency and health benefits of physical activity for older adults. Population Health Management 2017; 20(3): 199-7; doi: 10.1089/pop.2016.0071
5. Warburton DE, Bredin SS. Health benefits of physical activity: a systematic review of current systematic reviews. Current opinion in cardiology 2017; 32(5): 541-556; doi: 10.1097/HCO.0000000000000437
6. Dergance JM, Calmbach WL, Dhanda R, et al. Barriers to and benefits of Leisure time physical activity in the elderly: differences across cultures. JAGS 2003; 51(6): 863–8.
7. Grsitwood J. Applying the health belief model to physical activity engagement among older adults. Illuminare 2011; 9(1): 59-71.
8. Cronbie IK, Irvine L, Williams B, et al. Why older people do not participate in leisure time physical activity: a survey of activity levels, beliefs and deterrents. Age and Ageing 2004; 33(3): 287–2; doi: 10.1093/ageing/afh089
9. Haase A, Steptoe A, Sallis JF, et al. Leisure-time physical activity in university students from 23 countries: associations with health beliefs, risk awareness, and national economic development. Preventive Medicine 2004; 39(1): 182-0; doi: 10.1016/j.ypmed.2004.01.028.
10. Kosma M, Cardinal BJ. Theory-based physical activity beliefs by race and activity levels among older adults. Ethnicity & Health 2016; 21(2): 181-95.
11. Sas-Nowosielski K, Hadzik A, Górna J, et al. Applying the health belief model in explaining the stages of exercise change in older adults. Pol. J. Sport Tourism 2016; 23: 221-5; doi: 10.1515/pjst-2016-0029
12. Pearson N, Atkin AJ, Biddle SJH, et al. Patterns of adolescent physical activity and dietary behaviours. International Journal of Behavioural Nutrition and Physical Activity 2009; 6(45): 1-7.
13. Pate RR, Heath GW, Dowda M, et al. Associations between physical activity and other health behaviors in a representative sample of US adolescents. American Journal of Public Health 1996; 86(11): 1577-1; doi: 10.2105/AJPH.86.11.1577
14. Jago R, Nicklas T, Yang S, et al. Physical activity and health enhancing dietary behaviours in young adults: bogalusa heart study. Preventative Medicine 2005; 41: 194-2.
15. Ertüzün E, Bodur S, Karaküçük S. The development of health-belief scale on sportive recreational activities. Procedia-Social and Behavioral Sciences 2013; 89: 509-6; doi: 10.1016/j.sbspro.2013.08.884
16. Tekkurşun Demir G, Cicioğlu Hİ. Sağlıklı beslenmeye ilişkin tutum ölçeği (sbitö): geçerlik ve güvenirlik çalışması. Gaziantep Üniversitesi Spor Bilimleri Dergisi 2019; 4(2): 256-74.
17. Stutts WC. Physical activity determinants in adults. AAOHN Journal 2002; 50(11): 499-7.
18. Beville JM, Renée Umstattd Meyer M, Usdan SL, et al. Gender differences in college leisure time physical activity: application of the theory of planned behavior and integrated behavioral model. Journal of American College Health 2014; 62: 173-84; doi: 10.1080/07448481.2013.872648
19. Orsega-Smith EM, Payne LL, Mowen AJ, et al. The role of social support and self-efficacy in shaping the leisure time physical activity of older adults. Journal of Leisure Research 2007; 39(4): 705-22.
20. Kayhan RF, Üstün ÜD. Analysis of the health beliefs of physical education and sports teachers regarding sportive recreational activities. Journal of Educational Issues 2019; 5(2): 182-2; doi: 10.5296/jei.v5i2.15603
21. Raymond-Barker P, Petroczi A, Quested E. Assessment of nutritional knowledge in female athletes susceptible to the female athlete triad syndrome. Journal of Occupational Medicine and Toxicology 2007; 2(10); doi: 10.1186/1745-6673-2-10
22. Sedek R, Yih TY. Dietary habits and nutrition knowledge among athletes and non-athletes in national university of Malaysia (UKM). Pakistan Journal of Nutrition 2014; 13(12); doi: 10.3923/pjn.2014.752.759
23. Miškulin I, Šašvari A, Dumić A, et al. The general nutrition knowledge of professional athletes. Food in Health and Disease 2019; 8(1): 25-2.
24. Kayhan M, Ünveren A. Beden eğitimi ve spor yüksekokulu öğrencilerinin fiziksel aktivite düzeyleri ile yeme bağımlılıklarının karşılaştırılması. Sportif Bakış: Spor ve Eğitim Bilimleri Dergisi 2017; SI(1): 98-8.
25. Rouzitalab T, Gargari BP, İzadi A, et al. The prevalence of disordered eating attitude and its relation to exercise participation in a sample of physical education students. Progress in Nutrition 2019; 21(Supplement 1): 281-7; doi: 10.23751/pn.v21i1-S.6129
26. Yıldırım İ, Yıldırım Y, Ersöz Y, et al. Egzersiz bağımlılığı, yeme tutum ve davranışları ilişkisi. CBÜ Bed Eğt Spor Bil Dergisi 2017; 12(1): 43-54.
27. Romeike K, Abidi L, Lechner L, et al. Similarities and differences in underlying beliefs of socio-cognitive factors related to diet and physical activity in lower-educated Dutch, Turkish, and Moroccan adults in the Netherlands: a focus group study. BMC Public Health 2016; 16; doi: 10.1186/s12889-016-3480-4
28. Rosenberg DE, Norman GJ, Sallis JF, et al. Covariation of adolescent physical activity and dietary behaviours over 12 months. Journal of Adolescent Health 2007; 41: 472-8.
29. Dishman RK. Advances in exercise adherence. Champaign, IL, Human Kinetics, 1994.