The mediating role of nutrition knowledge level in the effect of mindfulness on healthy nutrition obsession

Main Article Content

Serkan Kurtipek
Nuri Berk Güngör
Oğuz Kaan Esentürk
Ersan Tolukan

Keywords

Mindfulness, Healthy nutrition, Nutritional information, Sports.

Abstract

Study Objectives: The study aimed to determine the mediating role of nutritional knowledge level in the effect of mindfulness of individuals, who receive sports education at the undergraduate level, on the healthy nutrition obsession. Methods: The sample of the study consists of 339 participants, 163 of which are female and 176 are male, who continue their education in a higher education institution, which provides undergraduate sports education, in Ankara province in the 2019-2020 academic year. “Mindfulness Scale”, the “Orto-11 (Healthy Nutrition Obsession) Scale” and “Nutrition Knowledge Level for Adults Scale” were used as data collection tools. In addition to descriptive statistics, structural correlation models aimed at testing the Pearson Correlation and the constructed theoretical model were used in the analysis of the data. Results: The mean score obtained by the participants was determined as (x̄=3.76) for the Mindfulness Scale, as (x̄=2.20) for the Healthy Nutrition Obsession Scale, and as (x̄=2.31) for the Adult Nutrition Knowledge Level Scale. A statistically significant effect was found in the relationship of mindfulness with a healthy nutrition obsession (β1=.16; p<.05). However, the fact that mindfulness does not affect significantly nutritional knowledge level indicates that the mediating role is not realized. However, the Squared Multiple Correlations (R2) values ​​of the model show that nutritional knowledge level and mindfulness explain healthy nutrition obsession by 22.4% and mindfulness explains the nutritional knowledge level by .001%. Conclusion: It can be stated that mindfulness is important to eliminate the healthy nutrition obsession of individuals.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.
Abstract 28 | PDF Downloads 46

References

1. Whitney EN, Rolfes SR. Understanding nutrition. 2018; Cengage Learning.

2. Jeukendrup A, Gleeson M. Sport nutrition. 2018; Human Kinetics.

3. Bratman S, Knight D. Health Food Junkies: Overcoming The Obsession With Healthful Eating. New York: Broadway Books; 2000

4. DSM-5 Tanı Ölçütleri Başvuru Elkitabı. Köroğlu E, editor. 2013; Amerikan Psikiyatri Birliği.

5. İlhan EL, Esentürk OK. Zihinsel engelli bireylerde sporun etkilerine yönelik farkındalık ölçeği (ZEBSEYFÖ) geliştirme çalışması. CBÜ Beden Eğitimi ve Spor Bilimleri Dergisi 2015; 9(1): 36-19.

6. Kurtipek S, Güngör NB, Yenel F. Determination of the success orientations and self-consciousness levels of the Students from the Faculty of Sports Science. Journal of Education and Learning 2018; 7(6): 211-203.

7. Bishop SR, Lau M, Shapiro S, Carlson I, Anderson ND, Carmody J, Devins G. Mindfulness: A proposed operational definition. clinical psychology: Science and Practice 2004; 11(3): 241-230.

8. Germer CK, Siegel RD, Fulton PR. Mindfulness and psychotherapy. 2005; Guilford press.

9. Brown KW, Ryan RM. The benefits of being present: Mindfulness and its role in psychological well-being. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology 2003; 84: 848-822.

10. Stanszus L, Fischer D, Böhme T, Frank P, Fritzsche J, Geiger S, Harfensteller J, Grossman P, Schrader U. Education for sustainable consumption through mindfulness training: Development of a consumption-specific intervention, journal of teacher education for sustainability 2017; 19(1): 21-5.

11. Karasar N. Bilimsel araştırma yöntemi: Kavramlar ilkeler teknikler. 2017; Ankara: Nobel Akademik Yayıncılık.

12. Byrne BM. Structural equation modeling with AMOS: Basic concepts, applications and programming. 2010; New York: Routledge.

13. Şimşek ÖF. Yapısal eşitlik modellemesine giriş:(temel ilkeler ve LISREL uygulamaları). 2007; Ekinoks.

14. Büyüköztürk Ş, Kılıç-Çakmak E, Akgün ÖE, Karadeniz Ş, Demirel F. Bilimsel araştırma yöntemleri. 2012; Ankara: Pegem.

15. Cohen L, Manion L, Morrison K. Research methods in education. 2013; Routledge.

16. Özyeşil Z, Arslan C, Kesici Ş, Deniz ME. Bilinçli farkındalık ölçeği’ni Türkçeye uyarlama çalışması. Eğitim ve Bilim 2011; 36(160): 235-224.

17. Donini LM, Marsili D, Graziani MP, et al. Orthorexia nervosa: A preliminary study with a proposal for diagnosis and an attempt to measure the dimension of the phenomenon. Eat. Weight Disord 2004; 9(2): 157-151.

18. Arusoğlu G, Kabakçi E, Köksal G, Merdol TK. (2008). Orthorexia nervosa and adaptation of ORTO-11 into Turkish. Turkish Journal of Psychiatry 2008; 19(3): 9-1.

19. Batmaz H. Yetişkinler için beslenme bilgi düzeyi ölçeği geliştirilmesi ve geçerlik-güvenirlik çalışması. Yüksek Lisans Tezi, Marmara Üniversitesi Sağlık Bilimleri Enstitüsü. 2018; İstanbul.

20. Brown TA. Confirmatory factor analysis for applied research. 2006; NY: Guilford Publications.

21. Meydan CH, Şeşen H. Yapısal eşitlik modellemesi AMOS uygulamaları. 2011; Ankara: Detay Yayıncılık.

22. Raykov T, Marcoulides GA. An introduction to applied multivariate analysis. 2008; NY: Taylor & Francis Group.

23. Tabachnick BG, Fidell LS. Using Multivariate Statistics, 6th Edn. Northridge. 2013; CA: California State University.

24. Leech NL, Barrett KC, Morgan GA. SPSS for indermediate statistics: Use and interpretation. 2005; Psychology Press.

25. Şeker H, Deniz S, Görgen İ. Öğretmen yeterlikleri ölçeği. Milli Eğitim Dergisi 2004; 164: 118-105.

26. Bayram N. Yapısal eşitlik modellemesine giriş AMOS uygulamaları. 2010; Ezgi Kitabevi.

27. Hair JF, Black WC, Babin BJ, Anderson RE, Tatham RL. Multivariate data analysis, Pearson New International Edition 1998; 5(3): 219-207.

28. Schermelleh-Engel K, Moosbrugger H, Müller H. Evaluating the fit of structural equation models: Tests of significance and descriptive goodness-of-fit measures. Methods of Psychological Research Online 2003; 8(2): 74-23.

29. Kline P. An essay guide to factor analysis. 2005; New York: Routledge.

30. Tabachnick BG, Fidell LS. Experimental designs using ANOVA. 2007; Belmont, CA: Thomson/Brooks/Cole.

31. Thompson B. Exploratory and confirmatory factor analysis: Understanding concepts and applications. 2004; Washington, DC, 10694-000.

32. Doğan İ, Özdamar K. The effect of different data structures, sample sizes on model fit measures. Communications in Statistics-Simulation and Computation 2017; 46(9): 7525-33.

33. İlhan EL. Hareketsiz yaşamlar kültürü ve beraberinde getirdikleri. Milli Prodüktivite Merkezi Verimlilik Dergisi 2010; 3: 210-195.

34. Wold Health Organization. Global recommendations on physical activity for health. 2010; Geneva: World Health Organization.

35. Kodama H. Dietary habits that protect children from lifestyle-related diseases: From the perspective of dietary education. Journal of the Japan Medical Association 2008; 136(12): 2365-2361.

36. İlhan EL. Examination on the healthy lifestyle behaviors of the student-athletes in university teams in Turkey. Energy Education Science and Technology Part B: Social and Educational Studies 2012; 4(3): 1522-1511.

37. Musaiger AO, Al-Hazzaa HM. Prevalence and risk factors associated with nutrition-related noncommunicable diseases in the Eastern Mediterranean Region. International Journal of General Medicine 2012; 5: 199–217.

38. Tokunaga M, Takahashi T, Singh RB, Rupini D, Toda E, Nakamura T, et al. Diet, nutrients and noncommunicable diseases. The Open Nutraceauticals Journal 2012; 5: 159-146.

39. Kabat-Zinn J. Wherever you go, there you are: Mindfulness meditation in everyday life. 1994; NY: Hyperion.

40. Beshara M, Hutchinson AD, Wilson C. Does mindfulness matter? Everyday mindfulness, mindful eating and self-reported serving size of energy dense foods among a sample of South Australian adults. Appetite 2013; 67: 29-25.

41. Kristeller J, Wolever RQ. Sheets V. Mindfulness-based eating awareness training (MB-EAT) for binge eating: A randomized clinical trial. Mindfulness. 2014; 5: 297-282.

42. Rosenberg EL. Mindfulness and Consumerism. In T. Kasser & A. D. Kanner (Eds.). Psychology and the culture of consumption. 2004; Washington, D.C.: American Psychological Association.

43. Armstrong A, Jackson T. The Mindful Consumer. 2015; Mindfulness Training and the Escape from Consumerism.

44. Ericson T, Kjønstad BG, Barstad A. Mindfulness and sustainability. Ecological Economics 2014; 104: 79-73.

45. Fischer D, Stanszus L, Geiger S, Grossman P. Schrader U. Mindfulness and sustainable consumption: A systematic literature review of research approaches and findings. Journal of Cleaner Production 2017; 162: 558-544.

46. Harnack L, Block G, Subar A, Lane S, Brand R. Association of cancer prevention-related nutrition knowledge, beliefs, and attitudes to cancer prevention dietary behavior. Journal of the American Dietetic Association 1997; 97(9): 965-957.

47. Patterson RE, Kristal AR, Lynch JC, White E. Diet-cancer related beliefs, knowledge, norms, and their relationship to healthful diets. Journal of Nutrition Education. 1995; 27(2): 92-86.

48. Wardle J, Parmenter K, Waller J. Nutrition knowledge and food intake. Appetite 2000; 34(3): 275-269.