Main Article Content
Soccer, sports nutrition, soccer coach
Study Objectives: The study aimed to compare the nutritional knowledge levels of soccer coaches according to their educational status, different league levels, and job variables. Methods: A total of 240 coaches, including technical directors (n = 73), assistant coaches (n = 74), goalkeeper coaches (n = 43), performance specialists / analysts (n = 50) participated in the study voluntarily. Nutritional knowledge of soccer coaches was determined by “The Nutrition for Sport Knowledge Questionnaire’ (NSKQ). One-Way ANOVA test was used to determine the difference between the groups, and the Scheffe test, one of the Post-hoc tests, to determine which group the difference was originated from. Results: As a result of the statistical analysis, while there was no significant difference between the nutrition knowledge total scores of soccer coaches and both the league level and job description, performance specialists/analysts had higher scores in the job description variable. It was determined that sports science and university graduate coaches had higher total score values with their weight control, sports nutrition, and alcohol sub-dimensions compared to high school and undergraduate coaches (p <0.05). Conclusion: As a conclusion, it is vital to apply correct loading and nutrition strategies to protect the overall health of soccer players and increase their performance efficiency. However, it has been determined that the information on sports nutrition of the trainers who organize the nutrition programs in the lower leagues is low. It can be suggested that soccer coaches should increase their awareness about sports nutrition and follow up-to-date nutrition knowledge for their professional development.
2. Insel P, Turner RE, Ross D. Nutrition, Second edition, Canada Jones and Bartlett Publishers: 2004.
3. Thomas DT, Erdman KA, Burke LM. American college of sports medicine joint position statement. nutrition and athletic performance. Med Sci Sports Exerc 2016; 48(3): 543-568.
4. Deakin V, Kerr D, Boushey C. Measuring nutritional status of athletes: clinical and research perspectives. In: Burke L, Deakin V (Eds), Clinical Sports Nutrition, 5th ed. North Ryde, Australia: McGraw-Hill: 2015; 27-53.
5. IOC consensus statement on sports nutrition 2010. J Sports Sci 2011; 29(sup1): 3–4.
6. Dorfman L. Nutrition in Exercise and Sports Performance. In: L. Kathleen Mahan and J Raymond, (Eds), Krause's Food & the Nutrition Care Process. Riverport Lane Elsevier 2016; 426-455.
7. Devlin BL, Belski R. Exploring general and sports nutrition and food knowledge in elite male Australian athletes. Int J Sport Nutr Exerc Metab 2014; 25(3): 225-232.
8. Kolodinsky J, Harvey-Berino JR, Berlin L, et al. Knowledge of current dietary guidelines and food choice by college students: better eaters have higher knowledge of dietary guidance. J Am Diet Assoc 2007; 107(8): 1409-1413.
9. Alaunyte I, Perry JL, Aubrey T. Nutritional knowledge and eating habits of professional rugby league players: does knowledge translate into practice? J Int Soc Sports Nutr 2015; 12: 18.
10. Murathan T, Yetiş Ü, Mur
athan F, et al. Üniversite öğrencilerinde sağlıklı yaşam biçimi davranışları ile fiziksel aktivite düzeylerinin incelenmesi. Niğde Üniversitesi Beden Eğitimi ve Spor Bilimleri Dergisi 2013; (7)2: 100-107.
11. Yalcin I, Calik F, Ece C, et al. Knowledge levels and preference reasons regarding the doping of U23 Turkish National Team athletes. Prog Nutr 2019; 21(2): 391-397.
12. Abood DA, Black DR, Birnbaum RD. Nutrition education intervention for college female athletes. J Nutr Educ Behav 2004; 36(3): 135-137.
13. Göral K, Saygın Ö, Karacabey K. Amatör ve profesyonel futbolcuların beslenme bilgi düzeylerinin incelenmesi. Uluslararası İnsan Bilimleri Dergisi 2011; 8(1): 1375-1391.
14. Jessri M, Jessri M, RashidKhani B, et al. Evaluation of Iranian college athletes' sport nutrition knowledge. Int J Sport Nutr Exerc Metab 2010; 20(3): 257-63.
15. Waly MI, Kilani HA, Al-Busafi MS. Nutritional practices of athletes in Oman: a descriptive study. Oman Med J 2013; 28(5): 360-364.
16. Louise Burke GC. The Complete Guide to Food for Sports Performance: Peak Nutrition for Your Sport. 3rd ed January 2010.
17. Torres-McGehee TM, Pritchett KL, Zippel D. Sports nutrition knowledge among collegiate athletes, coaches, athletic trainers, and strength and conditioning specialists. J Athl Train 2012; 47(2): 205-211.
18. Zinn C, Schofield G, Wall C. Evaluation of sports nutrition knowledge of New Zealand premier club rugby coaches. Int J Sport Nutr Exerc Metab 2006; 16(2): 214-225.
19. Trakman GL, Forsyth A, Hoye R, et al. The nutrition for sport knowledge questionnaire (NSKQ): development and validation using classical test theory and Rasch analysis. J Int Soc Sports Nutr 2017; 14: 26.
20. Çırak O, Çakıroğlu FP. Sporcu beslenme bilgisi ölçeğinin Türkçe formunun geçerlik ve güvenirlik çalışması. Ankara Sağlık Bilimleri Dergisi 2019; 8(1): 35-49.
21. Saygın Ö, Göral K, Gelen E. Amatör ve profesyonel futbolcuların beslenme alışkanlıklarının incelenmesi. Uluslararası İnsan Bilimleri Dergisi 2009; 6(2): 178-196.
22. Sevim Y. Antrenman Bilgisi. 7.Basım, Ankara: Nobel Yayın Dağıtım: 2007.
23. Günay M. Futbol Antrenmanın Bilimsel Temelleri. Ankara: Gazi Kitapevi: 2001.
24. Şanlıer N, Konaklıoğlu E, Güçer E. Gençlerin beslenme bilgi, alışkanlık ve davranışları ile beden kütle indeksleri arasındaki ilişki. Gazi Eğitim Fakültesi Dergisi 2009; 29(2): 333-352.