The roles of some agility performance parameters on the linear, single sprint skills of young male basketball and handball players

Main Article Content

Murat Bilge
Emine Caglar
Jose Miguel Saavedra


Agility Parameters, Speed, Illinois Agility Test, 505 Agility Test, T Test, Team Sports


Study Objectives: This study aimed to examine the roles of some agility parameters on the linear, single sprint skills among young male basketball and handball players. Methods: The participants in this study were male basketball players (BP) (n = 15,  ±SD= 15.30±0.48) and handball players (HP) (n = 32,  ±SD= 16.81±1.63) who trained regularly, and a control group (CG) (n=31,  ±SD= 15.87±0.80). They participated in 0 to 30 m linear speed tests, a T test, a 505 agility test, and an Illinois agility test. Changes in direction, side stepping, reversing direction, and running backward were the main sub-parameters of agility performance that constituted the independent variables. A multiple regression analysis was conducted if these independent variables predicted the 0 to10 m, 10 to 30 m, and 0 to 30 m sprint performances separately. One way ANOVA was performed to determine group differences in all the independent variables. Results: The ANOVA revealed statistically significant differences between groups for the independent variables (p < 0.001). The Tukey HSD test indicated that all three groups significantly differed from each other. Conclusion: As a result, it can be concluded that agility parameters contributed to speed skills. It is recommended that the exercises that include agility parameters should be used when designing training, especially in team sports.


Download data is not yet available.
Abstract 11 | PDF Downloads 15


1. Brown L, Ferrigno V. Training for Speed, Agility, and Quickness, 3E. Human Kinetics. 2014; 83-117.
2. Sheppard JM, Young WB. Agility literature review: Classifications, training and testing. Journal of Sports Sciences 2006; 24(9): 919-932.
3. Paul DJ, Gabbett TJ, Nassis GP. Agility in Team Sports: Testing, Training and Factors Affecting Performance. Sports Medicine 2016; 46(3): 421-442.
4. Raya MA, Gailey RS, Gaunaurd IA, et al. Comparison of three agility tests with male servicemembers: Edgren Side Step Test, T-Test, and Illinois Agility Test. J Rehabil Res Dev 2013; 50(7): 951-60.
5. Blanksby B, Bloomfield J, Ackland T et al. Athletics, Growth and Development in Children. Harwood Academic Publishers 1994; 117-120.
6. Barrow HM, McGee R. A Practical Approach to Measurement in Physical Education. Philadelphia, Lea and Febiger 1979; 356-360.
7. Twist PW, Benicky D. Conditioning lateral movements for multi-sport athletes: Practical strength and quickness drills. Strength and Conditioning 1996; 18(5): 10-19.
8. Draper JA, Lancaster MG. (). The 505 test: A test for agility in the horizontal plane performance. Exerc Sport Sci Rev 1985; 31: 8-12.
9. Gambetta V. Athletic development. Champaign, IL: Human Kinetics 2007; 215.
10. Parsons LS, Jones MT. Development of speed, agility, and quickness for tennis athletes. Strength & Conditioning Journal 1998; 20(3): 14-19.
11. Sheppard JM, Young WB, Doyle TLA et al. An evaluation of a new test of reactive agility and its relationship to sprint speed and change of direction speed. Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport 2006; 9(4): 342-349.
12. Sayers M. Running techniques for field sport players. Sports Coach, Autumn 2000; 26 27.
13. Little T, Williams AG. Specificity of acceleration, maximum speed, and agility in professional soccer players. Journal of Strength and Conditioning Research, 2005; 19: 76–78.
14. Jeffreys I. Motor learning - Applications for agility, part 1. Strength and conditioning journal, 2006; 28(5): 72.
15. Gamble P. Training for sports speed and agility: an evidence-based approach. Routledge, 2011; 142-154.
16. Plisk SS. Chapter 17 speed, agility, and speed-endurance development. Essentials of Strength Training and Conditioning. Baechle TR, Earle RW, eds. Champaign, IL: Human Kinetics 2008: 458-462.
17. Sabin SI, Marcel P. Testing agility skill at a basketball team (10-12 years old). Ovidius University Annals, Series Physical Education & Sport/Science, Movement & Health 2016; 16(1):103-109.
18. Shalfawi SA, Haugen T, Jakobsen TA et al. The effect of combined resisted agility and repeated sprint training vs. strength training on female elite soccer players. The Journal of Strength & Conditioning Research 2013; 27(11): 2966-2972.
19. Farrow D, Young W, Bruce L. The development of a test of reactive agility for netball: a new methodology. Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport 2005; 8(1): 52-60.
20. Archer DT, Drysdale K, Bradley EJ. Differentiating technical skill and motor abilities in selected and non-selected 3–5year old team-sports players. Human movement science 2016; 47: 81-87.
21. Delextrat A, Grosgeorge B, Bieuzen F. Determinants of performance in a new test of planned agility for young elite basketball players.Int J Sports Physiol Perform 2015; 10(2): 160-165.
22. Verkhoshansky YV. Quickness and Velocity in Sports Movements. New Studies in Athletics 1996; 11(2-3): 29-37.
23. Harman E, Garhammer J. Administration, Scoring, and Interpretation of Selected Tests. In: Essentials of Strength Training and Conditioning, 3rd ed., Edited by T.R.Beachle, and R.W. Earle, Champaigh, IL: Human Kinetics 2008: 457-473.
24. Mackenzie B. 101 Performance evaluation tests. London: Electric Word plc 2005:60-62-70.
25. Hoffman J. Norms for fitness, performance, and health. Human Kinetics 2006: 107-115.
26. Young WB, Hawken M, McDonald L. Relationship between speed, agility, and strength qualities in Australian rules football. Strength and Conditioning Coach 1996; 4(4): 3-6.
27. Young WB, Willey B. Analysis of a reactive agility field test. Journal of Science and Medicine in Sport 2010; 13(3): 376-378.
28. Young WB, Miller IR, Talpey SW. Physical qualities predict change-of-direction speed but not defensive agility in Australian rules football. The Journal of Strength & Conditioning Research 2015; 29(1): 206-212.
29. Negrete R, Brophy J. The relationship between isokinetic open and closed kinetic chain lower extremity strength and functional performance. Journal of Sports Rehabilitation 2000; 9: 46-61.
30. Milanović Z, Sporiš G, Trajković N et al. Effects of a 12 week saq training programme on agility with and without the ball among young soccer players. Journal of sports science & medicine 2013; 12(1): 97.
31. Baker D. A comparison of running speed and quickness between elite professional and young rugby league players. Strength and Conditioning Coach 1999; 7(3): 3-7.
32. Buttifant D., Graham K, Cross K. 55 Agility and speed in soccer players are two different performance parameters. Science and football IV 2001: 4.
33. Tsitskarsis G, Theoharopoulus A, Garefis A. Speed, speed dribble and agility of male basketball players playing in different positions. Journal of Human Movement Studies 2003; 45:21-30.
34. Köklü Y, Alemdaroğlu U, Özkan, A et al. The relationship between sprint ability, agility and vertical jump performance in young soccer players. Science & Sports 2015; 30(1), 1-5.
35. Chaouachi A, Chtara M, Hammami R et al. Multidirectional sprints and small-sided games training effect on agility and change of direction abilities in youth soccer. The Journal of Strength & Conditioning Research 2014; 28(11): 3121-3127.