Health Habits and Vitamin Supplementation of Young Female Students with a Family History of Cancer Diagnosis

Main Article Content

Özlem Şahan
Gökhan Doğukan Akarsu
Rukiye Höbek Akarsu
Rabia Atilla


Vitamin/Mineral Supplementation, Health Habits, Biochemistry İntroduction, women


Study Objectives: To examine the health habits and vitamin supplementation status of female students who were diagnosed with cancer in their family history. Methods: The research was conducted descriptively with female students studying at a public university in the Central Anatolia region of Turkey. In the study, 324 female students who accepted the study and were diagnosed with cancer in their families were included in the sample. Numeric and percentage statistics were used to analyze the data. Results: People with a family history of cancer need to have cancer screening and follow lifestyle recommendations because of the high risk of cancer. Conclusion: In this study, it was seen that cancer diagnosis in a relative can motivate to improve health behavior in individuals.


Download data is not yet available.
Abstract 5 | PDF Downloads 18


1. Sung H, Ferlay J, Siegel RL, Laversanne M, Soerjomataram I, Jemal A, Bray F. Global Cancer Statistics 2020: GLOBOCAN Estimates of Incidence and Mortality Worldwide for 36 Cancers in 185 Countries. CA: a cancer journal for clinicians, 2021;71(3): 209–249.
2. Anand P, Kunnumakkara AB, Sundaram C, Harikumar KB, Tharakan ST, Lai OS, Sung B, Aggarwal BB. Cancer is a preventable disease that requires major lifestyle changes. Pharmaceutical research, 2008;25(9): 2097–2116.
3. WHO, CANCER. (2010). (17.07.2020).
4. Mint Sidi Ould Deoula M, Huybrechts I, El Kinany K, Boudouaya H, Hatime Z, El Asri A, Benslimane A, Nejjari C, Sidi Adil I, El Rhazi K. Behavioral, Nutritional, and Genetic Risk Factors of Colorectal Cancers in Morocco: Protocol for a Multicenter Case-Control Study. JMIR research protocols, 2020;9(1), e13998.
5. World Cancer Research Fund. Cancer Prevention Recommendations (2018),
6. Lemon SC, Zapka JG, Clemow L. Health behavior change among women with recent familial diagnosis of breast cancer. Preventive Medicine 2004;39: 253–262.
7. Anderson AS, Caswell S, Macleod M, Steele RJ, Berg J, Dunlop J, Stead M, Eadie D, O'Carroll R E. Health Behaviors and their Relationship with Disease Control in People Attending Genetic Clinics with a Family History of Breast or Colorectal Cancer. Journal of genetic counseling, 2017;26(1): 40–51.
8. Haug U, Riedel O, Cholmakow-Bodechtel C, Olsson L. First-degree relatives of cancer patients: a target group for primary prevention? A cross-sectional study. British journal of cancer, 2018;118(9): 1255–1261.
9. Hartman SJ, Dunsiger SI, Jacobsen PB. The relationship of psychosocial factors to mammograms, physical activity, and fruit and vegetable consumption among sisters of breast cancer patients. International journal of women's health, 2011;3:257–263.
10. Wickrama KA, Conger RD, Wallace LE, Elder GH. The intergenerational transmission of health-risk behaviors: adolescent lifestyles and gender moderating effects. Journal of health and social behavior, 1999;40(3):258–272
11. Akarsu GD, Akarsu RH. Determınatıon of herbal support status of faculty of health scıences students. YOBU Faculty of Health Sciences Journal. 2021;2(1): 22-27
12. Bostean G, Crespi CM, McCarthy W J. Associations among family history of cancer, cancer screening and lifestyle behaviors: a population-based study. Cancer causes & control : CCC, 2013;24(8), 1491–1503.
13. Öztaş B, İyigün E, Taştan S, Can MF, Öztaş M. Determination of Cancer Risk Perceptions and Health Beliefs of FirstDegree Relatives of Patients Who Were Operated with Colorectal Cancer Diagnosis. Turk J colorectal Dis 2018;28:80-87.
14. Terry P, Jain M, Miller AB, Howe GR, Rohan TE. Dietary carotenoids and risk of breast cancer. Am J Clin Nutr 2002;76:883–8.;
15. Forshee RA, Storey ML, Ritenbaugh C. Breast cancer risk and lifestyle differences among premenopausal and postmenopausal African- American women and white women. Cancer 2003;97:280– 8.;
16. Willett WC. Diet and breast cancer. J Intern Med 2001;249:395– 411
17. Farvid MS, Chen WY, Michels KB, Cho E, Willett WC. Fruit and vegetable consumption in adolescence and early adulthood and risk of breast cancer: population based cohort study. BMJ 2016;353:i2343. doi: 10.1136/bmj.i2343
18. Çaman ÖK, Bilir N, Özcebe H. Are family history of cancer and perceived cancer risk associated with cancer preventive behaviors? Firat Med J 2014; 19(2): 95-100
19. Kruk J. Physical activity and health. Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention 2009; 10:721-727.
20. Bayrak U, Gram E, Mengeş E, Okumuş ZG, Sayar HC, Skrijelj E, Açıkgöz A, Çehreli R, Ellidokuz H. The knowledge and attıtude of unıversıty students about health habıtude and cancer. Journal of Dokuz Eylul University Faculty of Medicine. 2010;24(3): 95 – 104
21. Ünalan D, Öztop DB, Elmalı F ve ark. The Relationship Between the Healthy Lifestyle Behaviors and Eating Behaviors of a Group of Health High School Students. Journal of İnönü University Faculty of Medicine. 2009; 16:75-81
22. Velicer CM, Ulrich CM. Vitamin and mineral supplement use among US adults after cancer diagnosis: a systematic review. Journal of clinical oncology : official journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology, 2008;26(4):665–673.
23. Ford K, Whiting SJ. Vitamin and Mineral Supplement Use by Community-Dwelling Adults Living in Canada and the United States: A Scoping Review. Journal of dietary supplements, 2018;15(4), 419–430.