Main Article Content
COVID-19, Food Consumption, Nutritional Approach
Study Objectives: The aim of this study was to investigate nutritional approaches in university students during the COVID-19 pandemic. Methods: A total of 579 university students (male: 296, female: 283) participated in the study. Besides the personal form, the students filled out a nutrition approach testing questionnaire. Students participated voluntarily. The surveys were conducted on social media. Independent sample t and one-way analysis of variance (ANOVA) were applied to analyze the difference in groups. Results: Nutrition scores on the days of curfew (Lockdown) and the days when there is no prohibition or restriction did not change according to gender (p>0.05). A significant difference was found in the nutrition scores of the students according to the levels they felt on the days when there was a curfew and, on the days, when there was no prohibition or restriction (p<0.05). A significant difference was found between the scores of the students of different faculties on the days when there was a curfew and, on the days, when there was no prohibition or restriction (p<0.05). Conclusion: It has been determined that the nutritional habits of university students do not change according to gender in the event of prohibition and restriction or not during the coronavirus epidemic. While the nutritional habits of university students were similar according to gender, it was found that they changed according to the type of faculty. The nutritional habits of the faculty students who received education on health were found to be better. Those who feel bad have lower nutritional scores. During the coronavirus epidemic, it is recommended to provide psychological assistance to students in support of nutrition, whether there are curfews, bans, or days when there is no ban.
2. Wu C, Chen X, Cai Y, Zhou X, Xu S, Huang H, Song Y. Risk factors associated with acute respiratory distress syndrome and death in patients with coronavirus disease 2019 pneumonia in Wuhan, China. JAMA Internal Medicine, 2020; 180(7), 934-943.
3. Kanbur S. Investigation of the effect of COVID-19 pandemic on employees' psychological symptoms and nutritional habits. Progress in Nutrition, 2021; 23(1), 1-6.
4. Yıldırım Y, Müftüoğu NE, İmamoğlu O. Investigation of sports-trained students’ eating habits according to some parameters before and during the coronavirus outbreak. Progress in Nutrition, 2021; 23(Supplement 1), 1-8.
5. Irazusta A, Hoyos I, Irazusta J, Ruiz F, Díaz E, Gil J. Increased cardiovascular risk associated with poor nutritional habits in first-year university students. Nutrition Research, 2007; 27(7), 387-394.
6. Janout V, Janoutová G. Eating disorders risk groups in the Czech republic-cross-sectional epidemiologic pilot study. Biomed Papers, 2004; 148(2), 189-193.
7. Bao Y, Sun Y, Meng S, Shi J, Lu L. 2019-nCoV epidemic: address mental health care to empower society. The Lancet, 2020; 395(10224), e37-e38.
8. MacIntyre CR. On a knife’s edge of a COVID-19 pandemic: is containment still possible?. Public Health Res Pract, 2020; 30(1), 1-5.
9. Shigemura J, Ursano RJ, Morganstein JC, Kurosawa M, Benedek DM. Public responses to the novel 2019 coronavirus (2019‐nCoV) in Japan: Mental health consequences and target populations. Psychiatry and Clinical Neurosciences, 2020; 74(4), 281.
10. Hamouche S. COVID-19 and employees’ mental health: stressors, moderators and agenda for organizational actions. Emerald Open Research, 2020; 2-15.
11. Brugliera L, Spina A, Castellazzi P, Cimino P, Arcuri P, Negro A, Iannaccone S. Nutritional management of COVID-19 patients in a rehabilitation unit. European Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 2020; 74(6), 860-863.
12. Muscogiuri G, Barrea L, Savastano S, Colao A. Nutritional recommendations for COVID-19 quarantine. European Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 2020; 74(6), 850-851.
13. Azzolino D, Passarelli PC, D’Addona A, Cesari M. Nutritional strategies for the rehabilitation of COVID-19 patients. European Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 2021; 75(4), 728-730.
14. Im JH, Je YS, Baek J, Chung MH, Kwon HY, Lee JS. Nutritional status of patients with COVID-19. International Journal of Infectious Diseases, 2020; 100, 390-393.
15. Lohi AS, Sawarkar G. Management of diet during COVID-19 pandemic. Int J Res Pharm Sci, 2020; 154-157.
16. Türkmen M., İmamoğlu O. Determination of nutritional approaches in elite wrestlers, III. International Traditional Turkish Wrestling Symposium and Games, Proceedings Books, 2016; 80-87.
17. Hsu CC, Wahlqvist ML, Wu IC, Chang YH., Chang IS, Tsai YF, Hsiung CA. Cardiometabolic disorder reduces survival prospects more than suboptimal body mass index irrespective of age or gender: a longitudinal study of 377,929 adults in Taiwan. BMC Public Health, 2018; 18(1), 1-11.
18. Naja F, Hamadeh R. Nutrition amid the COVID-19 pandemic: a multi-level framework for action. European Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 2020; 74(8), 1117-1121.
19. Alwarawrah Y, Kiernan K, MacIver NJ. Changes in nutritional status impact immune cell metabolism and function. Frontiers in Immunology, 2018; 9, 1055.
20. Uzdil Z, Kaya S, Çakıroğlu FP. Evaluation of nutritional habits of university students: A cross-sectıonal study during the COVID-19 pandemic. Journal of Inönü University Vocational School of Health Services, 2021; 9(1), 10-18.
21. Papadaki A, Hondros G, Scott JA, Kapsokefalou M. Eating habits of university students living at, or away from home in Greece. Appetite, 2007; 49(1), 169-176.
22. Kesik M. Nutritional knowledge and attitudes of students studying at a university (Unpublished Master's Thesis). Selcuk University Institute of Health Sciences, Konya, 2019.
23. Serin E, Koç MC. Examination of the eating behaviours and depression states of the university students who stay at home during the coronavirus pandemic in terms of different variables. Progress in Nutrition, 2020; 22(1), 3-43.
24. Yılmaz G, Karaca S. Investigation of quality of life and attitude, knowledge nutrition students of university sedentary and who do sports. Journal of Physical Education and Sport Sciences, 2019; 13(3), 258-266.
25. Jones AM, Lamp C, Neelon M, Nicholson Y, Schneider C, Wooten SP, Zidenberg CS. Reliability and validity of nutrition knowledge questionnaire for adults. Journal of Nutrition Education and Behaviour, 2015; 47(1), 69-74.
26. Kutlu Z. Examination of nutrition habits and knowledge levels of students studying in sports sciences. Master Thesis, Burdur Mehmet Akif Ersoy University, Graduate School of Educational Sciences, Burdur, 2020.
27. Handu D, Moloney L, Rozga M, Cheng, FW. (2021). Malnutrition care during the COVID-19 pandemic: considerations for registered dietitian nutritionists. Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics, 2021; 121(5), 979-987.
28. Mayda MH, Karakoc O, Ozdal M. The investigation of some physical, physiological and anthropometric parameters of visually impaired and non-impaired a national male judoka. Journal of Education and Training Studies, 2016; 4(6), 192-198.