Main Article Content
Nature-oriented outdoor sports, Athletes, Physical activity for health, COVID-19 Phobia, Pandemic psychology, Coronavirus
Study Objectives: This study was carried out to evaluate the impact of participation in nature-oriented outdoor sports activities on Coronavirus-19 phobia during the pandemic process. Methods: The population of the cross-sectional study consists of 289 people who were engaged in nature-oriented outdoor sports activities in the Tunceli region between 28.06.2021 and 20.07.2021. Results: COVID-19 phobia was statistically higher in women, people under 35, singles, those with high school or lower education, and those who do not have children. Although many nature sports activities reduce the phobia of COVID-19, there was especially a statistically significant decrease in COVID-19 phobia among those who engage in rock climbing. Besides, those who practiced outdoor sports with fear of death and quarantine had a statistically higher COVID-19 phobia score. There was a weakly significant negative relationship between the years of experience, the number of types of outdoor sports activities that the individuals engage in, and the COVID-19 phobia score. As the years of experience in these activities and their types increased, the COVID-19 phobia decreased, albeit weakly. Conclusion: Performing nature-oriented outdoor sports activities from different fields can be beneficial, even partially, in reducing the phobia caused by COVID-19. In pandemics, such as COVID-19, which have a wide range of negative effects on society, individuals can be directed to nature sports against COVID-19 phobia.
2. Arden MA, Chilcot J. Health psychology and the coronavirus (COVID-19) global pandemic: A call for research. Br J Health Psychol 2020, 25: 231-232.
3. Rahman, S. Evaluation of COVID-19 Phobia Situations in Medical Students. F.Ü.Sağ.Bil.Tıp.Derg. 2021, 35(1): 68-73.
4. Ekiz T, Ilıman E, Dönmez E. Comparison of health anxiety level and control perception of Covid-19. Usaysad Derg 2020, 6: 139-154.
5. Karkın P Ö, Sezer G, Selma Ş, Duran M. The comparison of coronavirus-19 phobia between female healthcare employees and women outside of health sector. Medical Journal of Western Black Sea 2021, 5(2): 198-203.
6. Tzetzis G, Alexandris K, Kapsampeli S. Predicting visitors’ satisfaction and behavioral intentions from service quality in the context of a small-scale outdoor sport event. International Journal of Event and Festival Management 2014, 5 (1): 4-21.
7. Kelly JR. (1990). Leisure. Englewood, Cliffs, New Jersey: Prentice-Hall.
8. Gürer B, Karababa EM, Canlı E. The Effect of Mental Toughness of Individuals Doing Outdoor Sports on their Decision-Making Skills. Turkish Journal of Sport and Exercise 2019, 21(1): 144-154.
9. Neuman J. (2004). Education and learning through outdoor activities. “Games and problem solving activities, outdoor exercises and rope courses for youth programmes.” Prague: DUHA.
10. Gürer B, Ünal S, Arıkan VB. The effect of general self-efficacy of problem-solving skills of individuals doing outdoor sports. SPORMETRE The Journal of Physical Education and Sport Sciences 2020, 18(2): 13-26.
11. Gürer B, Bektaş F, Kural B. Examınation of psychological performance of athletes who partıcipate in outdoor sports. OMU-JSPR 2018, 9(2): 74-85.
12. Kumar GD, Jeeva B. Drone ambulance for outdoor sports. Asian J. Appl. Sci. and Technol 2017, 1: 44-49.
13. Ardahan F, Lapa Yerlisu T. Outdoor recreation: the reasons and carried benefits for attending outdoor sports of the participants of cycling and/or trekking activities. International Journal of Human Sciences 2011, 8(1): 1329.
14. Kayantaş İ, Kızar O, Genç H, Kargün M. Doğa Sporları. Gece Kitaplığı Yayınevi 2018.
15. Arpaci I, Karataş K, Baloğlu M. The development and initial tests for the psychometric properties of the COVID-19 Phobia Scale (C19P-S). Personality and Individual Differences 2020, 164, 110108.
16. Çaykuş ET, Çaykuş TM. Ways to promote children’ resiliency to the covid-19 pandemic suggestions for families, teachers and mental health specialists. EJSER 2020, 7(5): 95-113.
17. Rubin GJ, Potts HWW, Michie S. The impact of communications about swine flu (influenza A H1N1v) on public responses to the outbreak: results from 36 national telephone surveys in the UK. Health Technology Assessment 2010, 14(34): 183- 266.
18. Wu P, Fang Y, Guan Z, Fan B, Kong J, Yao Z, Hoven CW. The psychological impact of the SARS epidemic on hospital employees in China: exposure, risk perception, and altruistic acceptance of risk. Can. J. Psychiatry 2009, 54(5): 302-311.
19. Bai Y, Lin CC, Lin CY, Chen JY, Chue C M,Chou P. Survey of stress reactions among health care workers involved with the SARS outbreak. Psychiatric Services 2004, 55(9): 1055-1057.
20. Wang C, Pan R, et al. Immediate psychological responses and associated factors during the initial stage of the 2019 Coronavirus disease (COVID-19) epidemic among the general population in China. Int J Environ Res Public Health 2020, 17: 1.
21. Durankuş F, Aksu E. Effects of the COVID-19 pandemic on anxiety and depressive symptoms in pregnant women: a preliminary study. J Matern Fetal Neonatal Med. 2020, 18:1-7.
22. Brady SM, Fenton SAM, Metsios GS, Bosworth A, Duda JL, Kitas GD, Veldhuijzen van Zanten JJCS. Different types of physical activity are positively associated with indicators of mental health and psychological wellbeing in rheumatoid arthritis during COVID-19. Rheumatology International. 2020, 41: 335- 344.
23. Çağlayan Tunç A, Zorba E, Çi̇ngöz YE. The effect of exercise on quality of life in the period of pandemic (Covid 19). IntJCES. 2020, 6(1):127-35.
24. Rhodes RE, Janssen I, Bredin SSD, Warburton DER, Bauman A. Physical activity: Health impact, prevalence, correlates and interventions. Psychol Health. 2017;32(8):942-75.
25. Lesser IA, Nienhuis CP. The impact of COVID-19 on physical activity behavior and wellbeing of Canadians. Int J Environ Res Public Health. 2020; 17: 11: 3899.
26. Abebaw Mengistu Y. COPD patients in a COVID19 society: Depression and anxiety, Expert Review of Respiratory Medicine 2020, 15: 5-7.
27. Gencer N. Coronavirus (covid-19) fear of individuals during the pandemia: Çorum sample International Journal of Social Sciences (USBAD) 2020; 2: 1153-1173.
28. Polat Ö, Coşkun F. Determining the Relationship Between Personal Protective Equipment Uses of Medical Healthcare Workers and Depression, Anxiety and Stress Levels in the COVID-19 Pandemic. Medical Journal of Western Black Sea 2020, 4: 51-58.
29. Endstrasser F, Braito M, Linser M, Spicher A, Wagner M, Brunner A. The negative impact of the COVID-19 lockdown on pain and physical function in patients with end-stage hip or knee osteoarthritis. Knee Surg Sports Traumatol Arthrosc 2020, 18: 1-9.
30. Çifçi F, Demir A. The effect of home-based exercise on anxiety and mental well-being levels of teachers and pre-service teachers in COVID-19 pandemic. African Educational Research Journal. 2020, (2):20-8.