The effect of Tabata training program on physical and motoric characteristics of soccer players

Main Article Content

Yakup Akif Afyon https://orcid.org/0000-0003-1521-6261
Olcay Mulazimoglu https://orcid.org/0000-0001-5599-280X
Sinan Celikbilek
İbrahim Dalbudak
Cagan Kalafat

Keywords

Tabata training, strength, flexibility, balance, agility

Abstract

Study Objectives: The aim of this study was to examine the effect of Tabata training on some motoric performances of soccer players. Methods: Eighteen male amateur soccer players voluntarily participated in the study. The selected participants were randomly divided into two groups ‘EG’ (age: 22.78±3.38 years) underwent Tabata Training (TT) group (n=9) and group ‘CG’ (age: 21.44±2.30 years) acted as control group (n=9). In addition to their regular training, EG performed eight different core and plyometric exercises, each of which lasted for 4 minutes, as 20 seconds of work and 10 seconds of recovery. CG was not exposed to any specific training but they participated in regular activities. The following variables were selected to determine the effect of TT on the physical and motoric characteristics of the players: body fat percentage (BF%), standing long jump (SLJ), sit-and-reach test (SRT), flamingo balance test (FBT), back strength (BS), leg strength (LS) and zig-zag agility test (ZAT). The data were obtained from these tests of both group players with the pre-test and post-test methods. After performing normal distribution tests of all data, pre-post-test comparison analyses were interpreted at .05 significance level. Results: There was a significant difference between EG's SLJ, BS and LS pre and post-tests averages (p<.05). There was a significant difference between CG's BS pre and post-tests averages (p<.01). Conclusion: Eight-week TTs have improved players' strength characteristics. However, although there was an improvement in skills such as flexibility, balance and agility, it was not at a significant level.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.
Abstract 70 | PDF Downloads 44

References

1. Weston KS, Wisløff U, Coombes JS. High-intensity interval training in patients with lifestyle-induced cardiometabolic disease: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Br J Sports Med 2014; 48(16):1227-34. doi: 10.1136/bjsports-2013-092576.
2. Fox EL, Bartels RL, Billings CE, O’Brien R, Bason R, Mathews DK. Frequency and duration of interval training programs and changes in aerobic power. J App Physiol 1975; 38:481–484. doi: 10.1152/jappl.1975.38.3.481.
3. Tabata I, Nishimura K, Kouzaki M, Hirai Y, Ogita F, Miyachi M, Yamamoto K. Effects of moderate intensity-endurance and high intensity-intermittent training on anaerobic capacity and VO2max. Med Sci Sports Exerc 1996; 28:1327-30. doi: 10.1097/00005768-199610000-00018.
4. Viana, RB, De Lira, CAB, Naves, JPA, Coswig, VS, Del Vecchio, FB, Gentil, P. Tabata protocol: a review of its application, variations and outcomes. Clin Physiol Funct Imaging 2019; 39(1): 1-8. doi: 10.1111/cpf.12513.
5. Setiawan, E, Iwandana, DT, Festiawan, R, Bapista, C. Improving handball athletes’ physical fitness components through Tabata training during the outbreak of Covıd-19. Jurnal Sportif: Jurnal Penelitian Pembelajaran 2020; 6(2): 375-89. doi: 10.29407/js_unpgri.v6i2.14347.
6. Nithin, M., Sundar, K., KS, M. S., Babu, P. Effect of Tabata training on agility and speed among hockey players. Mukt Shabd Journal 2020; 9(7): 1209-13. doi:09.0014.MSJ.2020.V9I7.0086781.10613.
7. Somade, OA, Nikam, PP. Effect of Tabata Protocol on Exertion Level and Lower Limb Explosive Strength in Recreational Footballers: An Experimental Study. Indian Journal of Public Health Research & Development 2020; 11(4). doi: https://doi.org/10.37506/ijphrd.v11i4.4571.
8. Ajayaghosh, MV. Upshot of Tabata sprint training on selected speed parameters among men football players. International Journal of Yoga, Physiotherapy and Physical Education 2017; 2(6): 33-36.
9. Dupont, G, Akakpo, K, Berthoin, S. The effect of in-season, high-intensity interval training in soccer players. J Strength Cond Res 2004; 18(3): 584-9. doi: 10.1519/1533-4287(2004) 18<584:TEOIHI>2.0.CO;2.
10. Loturco, I, Pereira, LA, Abad, CCC., D'Angelo, RA, Fernandes, V, Kitamura, K, Kobal, R, Nakamura, FY. Vertical and horizontal jump tests are strongly associated with competitive performance in 100-m dash events. J Strength Cond Res 2015; 29(7): 1966-71. doi: 10.1519/JSC.0000000000000849.
11. Mirkov, D, Nedeljkovic, A, Kukolj, M, Ugarkovic, D, Jaric, S. Evaluation of the reliability of soccer-specific field tests. J Strength Cond Res 2008; 22(4): 1046-50. doi: 10.1519/JSC.0b013e31816eb4af.
12. Cohen, J. 1988. Statistical Power Analysis for the Behavioral Sciences. Hillsdale, NJ: Erlbaum Associates. 567.
13. Ramirez-Campillo, R, Alvarez, C, Gentil, P, Loturco, I, Sanchez-Sanchez, J, Izquierdo, M, Moran, J, Nakamura, FY, Chaabene, H, and Granacher, U. Sequencing effects of plyometric training applied before or after regular soccer training on measures of physical fitness in young players. J Strength Cond Res 2020; 34(7): 1959–66. doi: 10.1519/JSC.0000000000002525.
14. Foster C, Farland CV, Guidotti F, Harbin M, Roberts B, Schuette J, Tuuri A, Doberstein ST, Porcari JP. The effects of high-intensity interval training vs steady state training on aerobic and anaerobic capacity. J Sports Sci Med 2015; 14:747-55. PMCID: PMC4657417.
15. Turna, B. The Effects of 6-Week Core Training on Selected Biomotor Abilities in Soccer Players. Journal of Education and Learning 2020; 9(1): 99-109. doi: 10.5539/jel.v9n1p99
16. Olson, M. Tabata interval exercise: energy expenditure and post-exercise responses. Med Sci Sports Exerc 2013; 45: 420.
17. Afyon, YA, Mülazimoğlu, O, Altun, M. The effect of 6 weekly Tabata training on some physical and motor characteristics on female volleyball players. European Journal of Physical Education and Sport Science 2018a; 5(2): 223-9. doi: 10.5281/zenodo.2526321.
18. Afyon, YA, Mülazımoğlu, O, Boyacı, A, İskender, B. Investigation of the effect of Tabata training on vital capacities of swimmers. European Journal of Physical Education and Sport Science 2018b; 5(2): 92-99. doi: 10.5281/zenodo.1867713
19. Adlof L, Cosio-Lima L, Crawley A, Lee Y. The effects of concurrent training on female soccer players. Sport Exerc Med Open J. 2018; 4(1): 16-23. doi: 10.17140/SEMOJ-4-156.
20. Wong PL, Chaouachi A, Chamari K, Dellal A, Wisloff U. Effect of preseason concurrent muscular strength and high-intensity interval training in professional soccer players. J Strength Cond Res. 2010; 24(3): 653-660. doi: 10.1519/JSC.0b013e3181aa36a2.
21. Saravanan, R, Sugumar C. Effect of Tabata interval methods of various durations on speed agility and speed endurance of school students. International Journal in Physical & Applied Sciences 2016; 3(8): 90-96.
22. Tabata, I. Tabata training: one of the most energetically effective high-intensity intermittent training methods. The Journal of Physiological Sciences 2019; 69(4): 559-72. doi: 10.1007/s12576-019-00676-7.
23. Emberts, T, Porcari, J, Dobers-Tein, S, Steffen, J, Foster, C. Exercise intensity and energy expenditure of a tabata workout. J. Sports Sci. Med. 2013; 12(3): 612. PMID: 24137082.