The Relations between the Family Nutrition and Physical Activity Levels and Prevalence of Obesity of Their Children in Turkey

Main Article Content

Cuma Ece


Childhood, Family attitude, Nutrition, Physical activity


Study objectives: The aim of the study is to examine the relationship between diet and physical activity levels of family with their children's the prevalence of obesity. Method: A total of 433 parents, including mothers (n = 217) and fathers (n = 216), participated in the study. Data form containing socio-demographic characteristics and family nutrition and physical activity (FNPA) questionnaire were applied to the participants. FNPA was developed by Ihmels et al. (2009) and adapted into Turkish by Özdemir (2020). Descriptive statistics and independent samples t test, One-way ANOVA and Pearson correlation analysis were used in the analysis of the data obtained. Results: As a result of the research, no relationship was found between mother, father and child Body Mass Index (BMI) values and total scores of FNPA scale (p> 0.05). It has been determined that the area where the families live has no effect on their nutrition and physical activity levels. It was found that families with high income levels had higher nutritional and physical activity levels than families with low and middle-income levels (p <0.05). Conclusions: It has been observed that the family income level has a direct positive effect on the nutritional and physical activity levels of the individuals. There was no statistically significant difference between the FNPA levels of the individuals participating in the study and the BMI and regional differences of the families.


Download data is not yet available.
Abstract 10 | PDF Downloads 8


1. Nies MA, McEwen M. Community health nursing: promoting the health of populations: Elsevier Health Sciences; 2001.
2. Wardle J, Guthrie C, Sanderson S, et al. Food and activity preferences in children of lean and obese parents. International journal of obesity. 2001;25(7):971-7
3. Bassett R, Chapman GE, Beagan BL. Autonomy and control: the co-construction of adolescent food choice. Appetite. 2008;50(2-3):325-32
4. Garipağaoğlu M, Sahip Y, Budak N, et al. Food types in the diet and the nutrient intake of obese and non− obese children. Journal of clinical research in pediatric endocrinology. 2008;1(1):21
5. Benton D. The influence of dietary status on the cognitive performance of children. Molecular nutrition & food research. 2010;54(4):457-70
6. Ventura AK, Birch LL. Does parenting affect children's eating and weight status? International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity. 2008;5(1):1-12
7. Berg C. Influences on Swedish schoolchildren’s dietary selection: focus on fat and fibre at breakfast. Scandinavian Journal of Nutrition. 2002;46(4):194-6
8. Fuemmeler BF, Anderson CB, Mâsse LC. Parent-child relationship of directly measured physical activity. International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity. 2011;8(1):1-9
9. Sigmund E, Turonová K, Sigmundová D, et al. The effect of parents' physical activity and inactivity on their children's physical activity and sitting. Acta Universitatis Palackianae Olomucensis Gymnica. 2008;38(4)
10. Golan M, Crow S. Parents are key players in the prevention and treatment of weight-related problems. Nutrition reviews. 2004;62(1):39-50
11. Welk GJ, Wood K, Morss G. Parental influences on physical activity in children: An exploration of potential mechanisms. Pediatric exercise science. 2003;15(1):19-33
12. Hawkes C, Organization WH. Marketing food to children: the global regulatory environment: World Health Organization; 2004.
13. Dietz WH, Gortmaker SL. Preventing obesity in children and adolescents. Annual review of public health. 2001;22(1):337-53
14. Hill JO, Wyatt HR, Reed GW, et al. Obesity and the environment: where do we go from here? Science. 2003;299(5608):853-5
15. Abdurrahman G, Şener Ü, Karabacak H, et al. Kadın ve erkek genç erişkinler arasında fiziksel aktivite ve yaşam kalitesi farklılıklarının araştırılması. Kocatepe Tıp Dergisi. 2011;12(3):145-50
16. Akyol A, Bilgiç A, Ersoy G. FİZİKSEL AKTİVİTE, BESLENME VE SAĞLIKLI YAŞAM. Baskı Ankara: Klasmat Matbaacılık. 2008
17. Weir JP. Quantifying test-retest reliability using the intraclass correlation coefficient and the SEM. The Journal of Strength & Conditioning Research. 2005;19(1):231-40
18. WHO. Nutrition and Food Safety 2021 [Available from:
19. Ihmels MA, Welk GJ, Eisenmann JC, et al. Development and preliminary validation of a Family Nutrition and Physical Activity (FNPA) screening tool. International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity. 2009;6(1):1-10
20. Özdemir Ş. Çocukluk çağı obezitesini değerlendirmede kullanılan" aile beslenme ve fiziksel aktivite ölçeği'nin" Türkçe geçerlik ve güvenirlik çalışması/Şule Özdemir; tez danışmanı Özlem Terzi. 2020
21. Tabachnick BG, Fidell LS, Ullman JB. Using multivariate statistics: Pearson Boston, MA; 2007.
22. Scaglioni S, Salvioni M, Galimberti C. Influence of parental attitudes in the development of children eating behaviour. British journal of nutrition. 2008;99(S1):S22-S5
23. Al Yazeedi B, Berry DC, Crandell J, et al. Family influence on children's nutrition and physical activity patterns in Oman. Journal of Pediatric Nursing. 2021;56:e42-e8
24. Janssen I, Boyce WF, Simpson K, et al. Influence of individual-and area-level measures of socioeconomic status on obesity, unhealthy eating, and physical inactivity in Canadian adolescents. The American journal of clinical nutrition. 2006;83(1):139-45
25. Hinnig PdF, Monteiro JS, De Assis MAA, et al. Dietary patterns of children and adolescents from high, medium and low human development countries and associated socioeconomic factors: a systematic review. Nutrients. 2018;10(4):436
26. Pei Z, Flexeder C, Fuertes E, et al. Mother’s body mass index and food intake in school-aged children: results of the GINIplus and the LISAplus studies. European journal of clinical nutrition. 2014;68(8):898-906