The 1711 rinderpest in Bernardino Ramazzini's xiii Oration and the COVID-19 public health emergency: facts and common aspects

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Giuliano Franco


Bernardino Ramazzini, Rinderpest, COVID-19


Although Bernardino Ramazzini since a long time has been recognized especially as the father of occupational medicine, his approach to contrast the devastating rinderpest epidemic in 1711 is worth mentioning in the light of the public health emergency represented by Coronavirus Disease-2019 (COVID-19). This commentary (i) focuses on the xiii oration dealing with the description of that event, (ii) analyses the approach of the commission guided by Ramazzini aimed at contrasting cattle epidemic and economic threats, (iii) highlights some similar aspects between the 1711 rinderpest epidemic and the current COVID-19 pandemic (team expertise, contagion transmissibility, drug treatment, preventive measures, decision timeliness).

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