Occupational acute pesticide poisoning: a cross-sectional study from Turkey based on the self reports of male vegetable and fruit farmers Occupational Acute Pesticide Poisoning in Turkey

Main Article Content

Celalettin Cevik
Raziye Ozdemir https://orcid.org/0000-0002-7033-3471
Sezgin Ari

Keywords

acute pesticide poisoning, farmers, prevaillance, risk factors

Abstract

Background: Occupational acute pesticide poisoning emerged as a serious public health problem today due to excessive, haphazard and unconscious use of pesticides.Objectives:This study aimed to determine the prevalence and risk factors of acute pesticide poisoning among the vegetable and fruit farmers in Karacabey District of the northwest Turkey. Methods:Participant included 565 farmers. The dependent variable of the study is acute pesticide poisoning. Acute pesticide poisoning cases were identified based on the World Health Organization’s acute pesticide poisoning case definition matrix. The relationship between the dependent and independent variables was evaluated by chi-square and binary logistic regression analysis. Results: A total of 64 (11.3%) farmers reported an occupational acute pesticide poisoning. 75.0% of the cases applied to the health institution due to symptoms. The absence of formal training increased the risk of acute pesticide poisoning by 2.5 times (P =  0.031); 14 years and less farming duration 3.3 times (P = 0.000); not reading the label on the pesticide packaging 6.4 times (P = 0.001); contacting with liquid pesticides while preparing or spraying 2.3 times  (P = 0.011). Conclusions:  The study shows that approximately one in ten farmers experience acute pesticide poisoning. By organizing training programs to reduce the negative health effects of pesticides, farmers should be educated to understand the dangers of pesticides and their awareness of adopting and implementing protective measures should be increased.


 

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