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Using Structural Equation Modelling to Predict Safety and Health Status among Stone Industries


  • Hossein Akbari Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Trauma Research Centre, Kashan University of Medical Sciences, Kashan, Iran
  • Abbas Bahrami Department of Occupational Health, School of Health Kashan University of Medical Sciences, Kashan, Iran
  • Sedighe Dehghani Bidgoli Vice-Chancellor for Health, Kashan University of Medical Sciences, Kashan, Iran
  • Fahimeh Karamali Department of Health, safety and environmental management, School of Health, Kashan University of Medical Sciences, Kashan, Iran
  • Ali Hosseini Department of Health, safety and environmental management, School of Health, Kashan University of Medical Sciences, Kashan, Iran



Background: The creation of a working organization with a high safety level ensures employees' health in their workplaces, therefore current study evaluated effect the organizational structure on the safety and health in the stone industry. Methods: The study was done among the 100 stone industries in Isfahan, Iran. We asked selected participants to complete the organizational structure questionnaire and ELMERI checklists. tested the hypothesis with Smart PLS 3.0. Results: The model fit index showed the standardized root mean square (SRMR=0.08), the normalized fit index (NFI=0.9), The coefficient of determination (R2 = 0.362), Effect size (ƒ2 was less than 0.2), and the Predictive relevance of the model (Q2=0.216) which is considered a good fit for mode. Also, the relation between formalization and health and safety was significant (β = -0.47). Conclusion: findings suggest that Organization factors are the basic reasons associated with occupational accidents and the main indicator of safety and health performance.


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