Occupational hand dermatitis web survey in a university hospital during COVID-19 pandemic: the SHIELD study The SHIELD study

Main Article Content

Dr. Angela Rizzi
Riccardo Inchingolo
Dr. Marinella Viola
Dr. Luca Boldrini
Dott. Jacopo Lenkowicz
Dott. Franziska Michaela Lohmeyer
Francesco Maria De Simone
Prof. Domenico Staiti
Dr. Caterina Sarnari
Prof. Antonio Gasbarrini
Prof. Eleonora Nucera

Keywords

COVID-19; occupational hand dermatitis; healthcare workers; personal protective equipment; protective gloves; hand washing.

Abstract

Background: Occupational hand dermatitis (OHD) is a skin disease occurring on employees’ hands in certain jobs. Little is known about prevalence, incidence and characteristics of this adverse skin reaction and its associated risk factors during COVID-19 pandemic. To evaluate both prevalence and incidence of OHD and associated risk factors in Italian clinicians. Methods: A cross-sectional study was performed using a self-report questionnaire. Results: Two hundred and thirty clinicians responded to the survey and 82% of responders did not report previous OHD history before the COVID-19 pandemic. Daily use of gloves was reported by 80% of responders. OHD prevalence was 18%, while incidence was 80%. We found a protective effect on symptom occurrence for vinyl/nitrile gloves if the time with gloves was ≥ 6 hours per day. Conclusions: This survey reveals a high OHD incidence in an Italian population of clinicians. Furthermore, wearing vinyl/nitrile gloves for at least 6 hours a day had a protective effect on symptom onset.

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