Anxiety and depression in the elderly during COVID-19: the moderating role of social media use

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Anxiety and depression in the elderly during COVID-19: the moderating role of social media use

Authors

  • Cinthya Martins dos Santos
  • João Daniel de Souza Menezes FAMERP
  • Matheus Querino da Silva
  • Yuri Sacardo
  • Emerson Roberto dos Santos
  • Renato Mendonça Ribeiro
  • Natália Sperli Geraldes Marin dos Santos Sasaki
  • Vânia Del'Arco Paschoal
  • Daniele Alcala Pompeo
  • Maria Claudia Parro
  • Alba Regina de Abreu Lima
  • Vania Maria Sabadoto Brienze
  • Júlio César André
  • Rita de Cássia Helú Mendonça Ribeiro

Keywords:

Elderly, COVID-19, Mental Health, Exercise, Social Networking.

Abstract

Objective: To evaluate the use of social networks and other moderators in reducing anxiety and depression in the elderly during the Covid-19 pandemic and to correlate these factors with sociodemographic aspects. Method: A cross-sectional study with a descriptive design, quantitative approach, and analytical type with correlation between variables. The research was conducted with 72 elderly individuals over 60 years of age. A sociodemographic health questionnaire, the Geriatric Anxiety Inventory (GAI), and the Geriatric Depression Scale (GDS-15) were applied. Blood pressure was measured at the time of the interview and compared with the average values from the previous year. Results: The elderly presented hypertension (69.44%) and anxiety (51.39%), with a higher incidence of anxiety in men (52.78%) with p=0.013. The elderly who used social networks showed significantly less depression than those who did not use them (p=0.015). Conclusion: Anxiety was more expressive than depression, and the elderly who used social networks were less depressed due to mutual support, experience sharing, and cognitive stimulation, factors that moderated the incidence of depression during the uncertainties of COVID-19.

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Santos CM dos, Menezes JD de S, Matheus Querino da Silva, Yuri Sacardo, Emerson Roberto dos Santos, Renato Mendonça Ribeiro, et al. Anxiety and depression in the elderly during COVID-19: the moderating role of social media use. Acta Biomed [Internet]. [cited 2024 Jul. 25];95(6):e2024124. Available from: https://mattioli1885journals.com/index.php/actabiomedica/article/view/16046

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1.
Santos CM dos, Menezes JD de S, Matheus Querino da Silva, Yuri Sacardo, Emerson Roberto dos Santos, Renato Mendonça Ribeiro, et al. Anxiety and depression in the elderly during COVID-19: the moderating role of social media use. Acta Biomed [Internet]. [cited 2024 Jul. 25];95(6):e2024124. Available from: https://mattioli1885journals.com/index.php/actabiomedica/article/view/16046