Psychophysical health and perception of well-being between master badminton athletes and the adult Italian population.

Main Article Content

Giuseppe Lassandro https://orcid.org/0000-0001-7858-1632
Rodrigo Trisciuzzi
Valentina Palladino https://orcid.org/0000-0002-3976-6463
Francesco Carriero https://orcid.org/0000-0002-4678-8855
Orazio Valerio Giannico https://orcid.org/0000-0001-5375-8841
Silvio Tafuri https://orcid.org/0000-0003-4194-0210
Roberto Valente
Antonio Gianfelici
Domenico Accettura
Paola Giordano https://orcid.org/0000-0002-7762-3500

Keywords

Wellness, health related quality of life, sport, old adults

Abstract

Background and aim of the work: Sport participation, regular exercise and physical activity in general exert many benefits on wellness, perceived health related quality of life and social satisfaction. As the people age, physical and mental deterioration occur. Master athletes are older adults that practice different sports, such as running, swimming and badminton. This is a widespread sport practiced by over 200 million people and is one of the most exerted sport in the world. In our study we compared the health perception of Italian Badminton Master athletes and normal Italian population of same age.


Methods: Thirty (22 males, 8 females) Master badminton athletes between 18 and 69 years old participating to 2018 edition of the Italian Master Badminton Championship were enrolled for the study. All athletes compiled a six questions questionnaire, about perceived quality of life, included in the 2014-2017 Italian surveillance database “PASSI” questionnaire and answers were compared to 18-69 y/o Italian population results included in the public database.


Results: Statistically significative differences were not detected between genders of master athletes. There was only a significative better psychological perception of quality of life in younger class of master athletes (p<0.05).  A significative better perception was detected in Master athletes compared to normal Italian population.


Conclusions: Aerobic sports, such as badminton, represent positive factors for improving health, psychological wellness and social engagement. Sport has a crucial role for the positive influence on growth in youngers and on the preventive role on typical diseases of older age, such as diabetes, ischemic cardiomyopathy and mental illness.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.
Abstract 53 |

References

1. Khan KM, Thompson AM, Blair SN, et al. Sport and exercise as contributors to the health of nations. Lancet. 2012;380(9836):59‐64. doi:10.1016/S0140-6736(12)60865-4.
2. O'Donovan G, Blazevich AJ, Boreham C, et al. The ABC of Physical Activity for Health: a consensus statement from the British Association of Sport and Exercise Sciences. J Sports Sci. 2010;28(6):573‐591. doi:10.1080/02640411003671212.
3. L’atleta Master Giovanni Gazale, Battistina Giovanna Piredda Centro di Medicina e Cardiologia dello Sport, ASL n. 1, Sassari.
4. Pahor M, Carbonin P. Exercise intensity and longevity in men. JAMA 1995; 274: 1132-3.
5. Wang BW, Ramey DR, Schetter JD, Hubert HB, Fries JF. Postponed development of disability in elderly runners: a 13-year ongitudinal study. Arch Intern Med 2002; 162: 2285-94.
6. Stewart KJ. Physical activity and aging. Ann N Y Acad Sci 2005;1055: 193-206
7. Trappe S. Master athletes. Int J Sport Nutr Exerc Metab. 2001;11 Suppl:S196‐S207. doi:10.1123/ijsnem.11.s1.s196.
8. Faienza MF, Lassandro G, Chiarito M, Valente F, Ciaccia L, Giordano P. How Physical Activity across the Lifespan Can Reduce the Impact of Bone Ageing: A Literature Review. Int J Environ Res Public Health. 2020;17(6):1862. Published 2020 Mar 13. doi:10.3390/ijerph17061862.
9. Mitchell FC, Balancing benefit and risk in youth sports. Lancet Child Adolesc Health 2018;389-390.
10. Eime RM, Young JA, Harvey JT, Charity MJ, Payne WR. A systematic review of the psychological and social benefits of participation in sport for children and adolescents: informing development of a conceptual model of health through sport. Int J Behav Nutr Phys Act. 2013;10:98. Published 2013 Aug 15. doi:10.1186/1479-5868-10-98.
11. Lassandro G, Palmieri VV, Palladino V, Accettura D, Valente R, Giordano P. Sport and Children with Immune Thrombocytopenia: Never Give Up. Curr Sports Med Rep. 2019;18(9):317–318. doi:10.1249/JSR.0000000000000631.
12. ACSM. American College of Sports Medicine position stand: exercise and physical activity for older adults. Med Sci Sports Exerc. 1998;30:992–1008.
13. Soto-Quijano DA. The Competitive Senior Athlete. Phys Med Rehabil Clin N Am. 2017;28(4):767–776. doi:10.1016/j.pmr.2017.06.009.
14. Eime RM, Harvey JT, Charity MJ, Casey MM, van Uffelen JG, Payne WR. The contribution of sport participation to overall health enhancing physical activity levels in Australia: a population-based study. BMC Public Health. 2015;15:806. Published 2015 Aug 20. doi:10.1186/s12889-015-2156-9.
15. Balboa-Castillo T, Leon-Munoz LM, Graciani A, Rodriguez-Artalejo F, Guallar-Castillon P. Longitudinal association of physical activity and sedentary behavior during leisure time with health-related quality of life in community-dwelling older adults. Health Qual Life Outcomes. 2011;9:47. PubMed.
16. Guedes DP, Hatmann AC, Martini FAN, Borges MB, Bernardelli R. Quality of life and physical activity in a sample of Brazilian older adults. J Aging Health. 2012; 24:212–226. PubMed doi:10.1177/0898264311410693 9.
17. Porto D, Guedes D, Fernandes R, Reichert F. Perceived quality of life and physical activity in Brazilian older adults. Motricidade. 2012; 8:33–41.
18. Jenkin CR, Eime RM, Westerbeek H, O'Sullivan G, van Uffelen JGZ. Sport and ageing: a systematic review of the determinants and trends of participation in sport for older adults. BMC Public Health. 2017;17(1):976. Published 2017 Dec 22. doi:10.1186/s12889-017-4970-8
19. Tanaka H. Aging of Competitive Athletes. Gerontology. 2017;63(5):488–494. doi:10.1159/000477722.
20. Reaburn, P., & Dascombe, B. Endurance performance in masters athletes. European Review of Aging and Physical Activity, 2008 5(1), 31-42. doi:10.1007/s11556-008-0029-2.
21. Stockdale A, Webb N, Wootton J, Drennan J, Brown S, Stokes M. Muscle Strength and Functional Ability in Recreational Female Golfers and Less Active Non-Golfers over the Age of 80 Years. Geriatrics (Basel). 2017 Mar 4;2(1). pii: E12. doi: 10.3390/geriatrics2010012.
22. Leyland LA, Spencer B, Beale N, Jones T, van Reekum CM. The effect of cycling on cognitive function and well-being in older adults. PLoS One. 2019 Feb 20;14(2):e0211779. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0211779. eCollection 2019.
23. Cooper LW, Powell AP, Rasch J. Master's swimming: an example of successful aging in competitive sport. Curr Sports Med Rep. 2007 Dec;6(6):392-6.
24. Guillain JY. Histoire du badminton: du jeu de volant au sport olympique. Publibook. 2002.
25. Phomsoupha M, Laffaye G. The science of badminton: game characteristics, anthropometry, physiology, visual fitness and biomechanics. Sports Med. 2015;45(4):473‐495. doi:10.1007/s40279-014-0287-2.
26. Abe K, Okamoto S. Badminton. Tokyo: Gy; 1989.
27. Lo D, Stark K. Sports performance series: the badminton overhead shot. Natl Strength Cond J. 1991;13:6–13.
28. Phomsoupha M, Laffaye G. The science of badminton: game characteristics, anthropometry, physiology, visual fitness and biomechanics. Sports Med. 2015;45(4):473‐495. doi:10.1007/s40279-014-0287-2.
29. Majumdar P, Khanna GL, Malik V, et al. Physiological analysis to quantify training load in badminton. Br J Sports Med. 1997;31(4):342–5.
30. Analysis of the characteristics of competitive badminton D Cabello Manrique, J J González-Badillo.
31. Patterson S, Pattison J, Legg H, Gibson AM, Brown N. The impact of badminton on health markers in untrained females. J Sports Sci. 2017;35(11):1098‐1106. doi:10.1080/02640414.2016.1210819.
32. https://www.epicentro.iss.it/passi/.
33. Harridge SD, Lazarus NR. Physical Activity, Aging, and Physiological Function. Physiology (Bethesda). 2017;32(2):152‐161. doi:10.1152/physiol.00029.2016.
34. Lassandro G, Pastore C, Amoruso A, Accettura D, Giordano P. Sport and Hemophilia in Italy: An Obstacle Course. Curr Sports Med Rep. 2018;17(7):230‐231. doi:10.1249/JSR.0000000000000499.
35. Tanaka H, Seals DR. Endurance exercise performance in Masters athletes: age-associated changes and underlying physiological mechanisms. J Physiol. 2008;586(1):55‐63. doi:10.1113/jphysiol.2007.141879.
36. Evans WJ, Campbell WW. Sarcopenia and age-related changes in body composition and functional capacity. J Nutr. 1993;123(2 Suppl):465‐468. doi:10.1093/jn/123.suppl_2.465.
37. Snijders T, Verdijk LB, van Loon LJ. The impact of sarcopenia and exercise training on skeletal muscle satellite cells. Ageing Res Rev. 2009;8(4):328‐338. doi:10.1016/j.arr.2009.05.003.
38. Nilsson J, Ekblom Ö, Ekblom M, et al. Acute increases in brain-derived neurotrophic factor in plasma following physical exercise relates to subsequent learning in older adults. Sci Rep. 2020;10(1):4395. Published 2020 Mar 10. doi:10.1038/s41598-020-60124-0.
39. Bangsbo J, Blackwell J, Boraxbekk CJ, et al. Copenhagen Consensus statement 2019: physical activity and ageing. Br J Sports Med. 2019;53(14):856‐858. doi:10.1136/bjsports-2018-100451.
40. Gallè F, Di Onofrio V, Romano Spica V, et al. Improving physical fitness and health status perception in community-dwelling older adults through a structured program for physical activity promotion in the city of Naples, Italy: A randomized controlled trial. Geriatr Gerontol Int. 2017;17(10):1421‐1428. doi:10.1111/ggi.12879.
41. Martin AS, Palmer BW, Rock D, Gelston CV, Jeste DV. Associations of self-perceived successful aging in young-old versus old-old adults. Int Psychogeriatr. 2015;27(4):601‐609. doi:10.1017/S104161021400221X.
42. Jeste DV, Savla GN, Thompson WK, et al. Association between older age and more successful aging: critical role of resilience and depression. Am J Psychiatry. 2013;170(2):188‐196. doi:10.1176/appi.ajp.2012.12030386.
43. Jenkin CR, Eime RM, Westerbeek H, van Uffelen JGZ. Sport for Adults Aged 50+ Years: Participation Benefits and Barriers. J Aging Phys Act. 2018;26(3):363‐371. doi:10.1123/japa.2017-0092.
44. World Health Organization. (2015). World Report on Ageing and Health. Retrieved from http://apps.who.int/iris/bitstream/10665/186468/1/WHO_FWC_ALC_15.01_eng.pdf?ua=1
45. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention Trends in aging-United States and worldwide. Morb Mortal Wkly Rep 2003; 52: 101–106.
46. Rhodes EC, Martin AD, Taunton JE, Donnelly M, Warren J, Elliot J. Effects of one year of resistance training on the relation between muscular strength and bone density in elderly women. Br J Sports Med. 2000;34(1):18‐22. doi:10.1136/bjsm.34.1.18.
47. Ganau A, Devereux RB, Roman MJ, et al. Patterns of left ventricular hypertrophy and geometric remodeling in essential hypertension. J Am Coll Cardiol. 1992;19(7):1550‐1558. doi:10.1016/0735-1097(92)90617-v.

Most read articles by the same author(s)