Food knowledge of patients at the first access to a Diabetology center: Food knowledge of patients at the first access to a Diabetology center

Food knowledge of patients at the first access to a Diabetology center

Food knowledge of patients at the first access to a Diabetology center

Authors

  • Fabio Petrelli Scuola di Scienze del Farmaco e dei Prodotti della Salute, Università di Camerino
  • Giovanni Cangelosi
  • Stefania Scuri University of Camerino
  • Nguyen Cuc Thi Thu
  • Giulia Debernardi
  • Andrea Benni
  • Andrea Vesprini
  • Renato Rocchi
  • Cristina De Carolis
  • Paola Pantanetti
  • Federica Faldetta
  • Serenella Vita
  • Susanna Talevi
  • Adriana Capancioni
  • Gianluca Cerasoli
  • Iolanda Grappasonni

Keywords:

food knowledge, type 2 diabetes, Moynihan questionnaire, primary prevention, public health

Abstract

Il diabete rappresenta una patologia in costante aumento: familiarità, età e stili di vita rappresentano i principali fattori di rischio per questa malattia e per le complicanze ad essa correlate. Considerando l’importanza del regime alimentare per la prevenzione e il trattamento di questa patologia, scopo del presente studio è stato quello di valutare le conoscenze alimentari di pazienti al primo accesso presso un centro di Diabetologia e di indagare sulla loro eventuale influenza su alcuni parametri ematici. È stato somministrato il questionario di Moynihan. La relazione tra i punteggi ottenuti e le variabili emoglobina glicata, BMI, glicemia a digiuno, è stata analizzata attraverso regressione multipla basata sul metodo dei minimi quadrati ordinari (modello OLS). Il response rate è stato del 73,3%. Il punteggio medio totale ottenuto dal questionario è stato di 23,61 ed è stata osservata una correlazione statisticamente significativa (p<0,0473) tra i migliori punteggi del questionario e i valori di Hb1Ac. Questo studio è il primo passo di un’indagine più ampia che verrà condotta nell’ottica di promuovere una formazione del paziente volta a verificare nel tempo le ricadute positive sulle scelte alimentari e sui parametri clinici.

References

1. Ministero della Salute. Giornata Mondiale del Diabete 2019. http://www.salute.gov.it/portale/news/p3_2_1_1_1.jsp?lingua=italiano&menu=notizie&p=dalministero&id=3960
2. ISTAT. Il Diabete in Italia. https://www.istat.it/it/archivio/202600
3. Whiting, D.R., Guariguata, L., Weil, C., and Shaw, J. IDF Diabetes Atlas: global estimates of the prevalence of diabetes for 2011 and 2030. Diabetes Res Clin Pract. 2011; 94: 311–321
4. Ricci G, Pirillo I, Tomassoni D, Sirignano A, Grappasonni I. Metabolic syndrome, hypertension, and nervous system injury: Epidemiological correlates. Clin Exp Hypertens. 2017;39(1):8-16.
5. Petrelli F, Grappasonni I, Peroni A, Kracmarova L, Scuri S. Survey about the potential effects of economic downturn on alcohol consumption, smoking and quality of life in a sample of Central Italy population. Acta Biomed. 2018 Mar 27;89(1):93-98.
6. Petrelli F, Scuri S, Tanzi E, Nguyễn TTC, Grappasonni I. Lifestyles and discomfort in a sample of young Romanian students. J Prev Med Hyg. 2018 Sep 28;59(3):E230-E235
7. Scuri S, Tesauro M, Petrelli F, Peroni A, Kracmarova L, Grappasonni I. Implications of modified food choices and food-related lifestyles following the economic crisis in the Marche Region of Italy. Ann Ig. 2018 Mar-Apr;30(2):173-179.
8. Grappasonni I, Scuri S, Tanzi E, Kracmarova L, Petrelli F. The economic crisis and lifestyle changes: a survey on frequency of use of medications and of preventive and specialistic medical care, in the Marche Region (Italy). Acta Biomed. 2018 Mar 27;89(1):87-92.
9. Petrelli F, Grappasonni I, Evangelista D, Pompei P, Broglia G, Cioffi P, Kracmarova L, Scuri S. Mental and physical effects of energy drinks consumption in an Italian young people group: a pilot study. J Prev Med Hyg. 2018 Mar 30;59(1):E80-E87.
10. Ministero della Salute. Linee di indirizzo sull’attività fisica per le differenti fasce d’età e con riferimento a situazioni fisiologiche e fisiopatologiche e a sottogruppi specifici di popolazione. http://www.salute.gov.it/imgs/C_17_pubblicazioni_2828_allegato.pdf
11. International Diabetes Federation. The global impact of Diabetes https://www.idf.org/
12. WHO. Diabetes. https://www.who.int/health-topics/diabetes
13. Moynihan P. J, Mulvaney C. E, Adamson A. J. et al. The nutrition knowledge of older adults living in sheltered housing accommodation. J Hum Nutr Diet 2007; 20: 446-458.
14. Da Vico L. et Al, “Validation of the Italian version of the questionnaire on nutrition knowledge by Moynihan”, Monaldi Arch Chest Dis 2010; 74: 140-146.
15. Ricci G, Tomassoni D, Pirillo I, Sirignano A, Sciotti M, Zaami S, Grappasonni I. Obesity in the European region: social aspects, epidemiology and preventive strategies. Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci. 2018 Oct;22(20):6930-6939.
16. Nittari G, Scuri S, Petrelli F, Pirillo I, Di Luca NM, Grappasonni I. Fighting obesity in children from European World Health Organization member states. Epidemiological data, medical-social aspects, and prevention programs. Clin Ter. 2019 May-Jun;170(3):e223-e230.
17. Grappasonni I, Petrelli F, Scuri S, Mahdi SS, Sibilio F, Amenta F. Knowledge and Attitudes on Food Hygiene among Food Services Staff on Board Ships. Ann Ig. 2018 Mar-Apr;30(2):162-172.
18. Kračmarová L, Klusoňová H, Petrelli F, Grappasonni I. Tobacco, alcohol and illegal substances: experiences and attitudes among Italian university students. Rev Assoc Med Bras (1992). 2011 Sep-Oct;57(5):523-8.
19. Grappasonni I, Marconi D, Mazzucchi F, Petrelli F, Scuri S, Amenta F. Survey on food hygiene knowledge on board ships. Int Marit Health. 2013;64(3):160-7.
20. Nguyen CTT, Scuri S, Nguyen BT, Petrelli F, Grappasonni I. Levels of understanding of the rules of correct medical usage among vietnamese pharmacy students: a cross-sectional study. J Prev Med Hyg. 2018 Dec 15;59(4):E261-E266.
21. Scuri S, Petrelli F, Tesauro M, Carrozzo F, Kracmarova L, Grappasonni I. Energy drink consumption: a survey in high school students and associated psychological effects. J Prev Med Hyg. 2018 Mar 30;59(1):E75-E79.
22. American Diabetes Association. Standards of Medical Care in Diabetes-2020 Abridged for Primary Care Providers. Clin Diabetes. 2020 Jan;38(1):10-38.
23. Morris SF, Wile - Rosett J. Medical Nutrition Therapy: A Key to Diabetes Management and Prevention. Clinical Diabetes 2010; 28(1): 12-18.
24. Spahn J, Reeves RS et al. State of the Evidence Regarding Behavior Change Theorie and Strategies in Nutrition Counseling to Facilitate Health and Food Behaviour Change. JADA 2010; 110: 879-891.
25. Aalbers T, Peeters A. The Clinical Testing of the Serious Game Digest-Inn: A Tool to Increase Diet Adherence in Overweight Individuals. Games Health J. 2019 Dec 10. doi: 10.1089/g4h.2019.0067.
26. Acosta A, Streett S, Kroh MD, Cheskin LJ, Saunders KH, Kurian M, Schofield M, Barlow SE, Aronne L. White Paper AGA: POWER - Practice Guide on Obesity and Weight Management, Education, and Resources. Clin Gastroenterol Hepatol. 2017 May;15(5):631-649.e10.
27. Heart Failure Society Of America. Executive Summary: HFSA 2010 Comprehensive Heart Failure Practice Guideline. J Card Fail 2010; 16(6): 475-539.
28. Cioffi P, Antonelli D, Belfiglio M, Melena S, Petrelli F, Grappasonni I. The impact of a pharmacist as a member of healthcare team on facilitating evidenced-based prescribing of innovative drugs in an Italian oncology department. J Oncol Pharm Pract. 2012 Jun;18(2):207-12.
29. Standard italiani per la cura del diabete mellito 2018. https://aemmedi.it/wp-content/uploads/2009/06/AMD-Standard-unico1.pdf

Downloads

Published

10-04-2020

How to Cite

1.
Food knowledge of patients at the first access to a Diabetology center: Food knowledge of patients at the first access to a Diabetology center. Acta Biomed [Internet]. 2020 Apr. 10 [cited 2024 Jun. 16];91(3-S):160-4. Available from: https://mattioli1885journals.com/index.php/actabiomedica/article/view/9418

Most read articles by the same author(s)

1 2 > >>