Prevalence of Burnout among Italian Nurses: a descriptive study Italian Nursing Burnout

Main Article Content

Elsa Vitale
Erika Cesano
Francesco Germini


Burnout, Depersonalization, Emotional Exhaustion, Maslach Burnout Inventory, Human Service Survey, Nurse, Personal Accomplishment


Background and Aim: Job burnout is the psychosocial judgement of the physical and psychological tiredness result to the prolongation emotional pressure associated to the job. This study purposed to assess burnout prevalence among Italian nurses who worked in different contexts.

Method: Burnout was assessed by the Italian version of the 22-item Maslach Burnout Inventory Human Service Survey. Data were collected in July and August 2019.

Results: 300 Italian nurses voluntary participated in this study. Questionnaire were administered by Google Forms application, were all Italian nurses could participate.

Conclusion: Emotional Exhaustion (EE) is the most representative dimension of burnout. This outcome becomes more acute with greater age and seniority in the position, due to the stress and monotony encountered and/or job dissatisfaction.


Download data is not yet available.
Abstract 417 | PDF Downloads 203


1. Davey DM, Cummings G, Newburn-Cook CV, Lo EA. Predictors of nurse absenteeism in hospital: A systematic review. J. Nurs. Manag. 2009; 17: 312-330.
2. Gómez-Urquiza JL, De la Fuente-Solana EI, Albendín-García L, Vargas-Pecino C, et al. Prevalence of burnout syndrome in emergency nurses: A meta-analysis. Crit. Care. Nurs. 2017; 37: E1–E9.
3. Hone T, Macinko J, Millett C. Revisiting Alma-Ata: What is the role of primary health care in achieving the Sustainable Development Goals? Lancet 2018; 392: 1461-1472.
4. Monsalve-Reyes CS, San Luis-Costas C, Gómez-Urquiza JL, et al. Burnout syndrome and its prevalence in primary care nursing: A systematic review and meta-analysis. BMC. Fam. Pract. 2018; 19: 59.
5. Tomei G, Cinti ME, Palitti T, et al. L’evidenza scientifica in medicina del lavoro: studio meta-analitico sulla sindrome del burnout. Med. Lav, Università Sapienza 2008; 99(5): 327-51.
6. Maslach C, Schaufeli WB, Leiter MP. Job burnout. Annu Rev Psychol. 2001; 52(1): 397-422.
7. Wolpin J, Burke RJ, Greenglass ER. Golembiewski’s phase model of psychological burnout: some issues. Psychol Rep 1990; 66(2): 451-7.
8. Tummers G, Van Merode GG, Landeweerd JA. The diversity of work: differences, similarities and relationship concerning characteristic of the organization, the work and psychological work reactions in intensive care and non-intensive care nursing. Int. J Nurse Stud 2002; 39(8): 841-55.
9. Violante S, Benso PG, Gerbaudo L, Violante B. Correlazione tra soddisfazione lavorativa e fattori di stress, burnout e benessere psicosociale tra infermieri che lavorano in differenti ambiti sanitari. Giornale Italiano di Medicina del Lavoro ed Ergonomia 2009: 31(1), 36-44.
10. Vitale E, Notarnicola A, Tafuri S, Vicenti G, Cassano M, Moretti B. Orthopaedic multidimensional prognostic index (Ortho-MPI) in the elderly with hip or neck fracture: a pilot study. Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics 2014; 58: 101-104.
11. Verhaeghe R, Vlerick P, Gemmel P, et al. Impact of recurrent changes in the work environment on nurses' psychological well-being and sickness absence. Internetional Journal of Nursing Studies 2006; 56(6): 646-56.
12. Zenobi C, Sansoni J. Burnout e cure intensive. Professione Infermieristica 2007; 60(3): 148-54.

Most read articles by the same author(s)

1 2 > >>