A remarkable case report of an interrupted inferior vena cava with hemiazygos and transhepatic continuation

A remarkable case report of an interrupted inferior vena cava with hemiazygos and transhepatic continuation

Authors

  • Federica Masino Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, Foggia University School of Medicine, Foggia (FG), Italy
  • Gianmichele Muscatella Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, Foggia University School of Medicine, Foggia (FG), Italy
  • Manuela Montatore Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, Foggia University School of Medicine, Foggia (FG), Italy
  • Rossella Gifuni Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, Foggia University School of Medicine, Foggia (FG), Italy
  • Giuseppe Guglielmi Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, Foggia University School of Medicine, Foggia (FG), Italy

Keywords:

hemiazygos continuation, inferior vena cava, interrupted IVC, transhepatic continuation

Abstract

Inferior vena cava (IVC) interruption with azygos/hemiazygos continuation is an extremely uncommon congenital vascular anomaly, which may present with multiple variants. As a result, it is challenging to find in the literature the same anatomical variant.

We report a unique case of an interrupted IVC with hemiazygos and transhepatic continuation in an 83-year-old female patient. The case was evaluated by performing Computed Tomography (CT) as imaging modality, with a multiphase protocol, able to detect accurately this complex vascular anomaly.

The purpose of this case report is not only to present this remarkable case but also to briefly show the types of interrupted IVC, starting from the anatomy and the embryology of the IVC and the azygos system, and to discuss the value of imaging in detecting the vascular anomaly.

References

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Published

17-10-2023

Issue

Section

CASE REPORTS

How to Cite

1.
Masino F, Muscatella G, Montatore M, Gifuni R, Guglielmi G. A remarkable case report of an interrupted inferior vena cava with hemiazygos and transhepatic continuation. Acta Biomed [Internet]. 2023 Oct. 17 [cited 2024 Jul. 15];94(5):e2023238. Available from: https://mattioli1885journals.com/index.php/actabiomedica/article/view/15085