Is good dietary diversity a predictor of academic success?

Is good dietary diversity a predictor of academic success?

Authors

  • Said Bouchefra Laboratory of Biology and Health, Team of Nutritional Sciences, Food and Health, Faculty of Sciences, University Ibn Tofail, Kenitra, Morocco
  • Safouane El Ghouddany Laboratory of Biology and Health, Team of Nutritional Sciences, Food and Health, Faculty of Sciences, Ibn Tofail University, Kenitra, Morocco
  • Karim Ouali Laboratory of Biology and Health, Team of Nutritional Sciences, Food and Health, Faculty of Sciences, Ibn Tofail University, Kenitra, Morocco
  • Abdellatif Bour Laboratory of Biology and Health, Team of Nutritional Sciences, Food and Health, Faculty of Sciences, Ibn Tofail University, Kenitra, Morocco

Keywords:

Dietary habits, Dietary Diversity Score, Academic Achievement, Education, Schoolchildren

Abstract

Background and aim: Interest in identifying factors influencing educational success is growing. Many studies have examined factors that may affect academic performance. It is often observed that a group of students sharing the same external variables (school environment) yet have different results, which states that individual variables have more impact on the determination of academic performance. Therefore, the present study aims to substantiate this controversy by investigating the association between dietary habits and academic performance in a population of adolescents attending school in Eastern Morocco

Methods: Cross-sectional study based on a self-administered questionnaire. Items included sociodemographic variables, eating and sleeping habits, physical activity practice and the last semester grade point average of mathematics (GPAm) and first foreign language (GPAf) subjects

Results: Dietary diversity score (DDS) is a significant predictor of academic performance. Weight status and sleep duration was found to be strongly associated with academic achievement. Absenteeism and smoking are negatively associated with school achievement

Conclusions: Findings indicate associations between dietary diversity and academic performance of students in eastern Morocco which support creation of effective nutrition education policies to eradicate the double burden of malnutrition on the one side leanness and on the other side fighting against obesity by promoting good diet in terms of quality and quantity and encouraging physical exercise. It is also essential to review the lifestyle of adolescents by raising awareness against the scourge of smoking near schools. The results of these actions are likely to be healthier schools and improved behavioral development and academic performance of children. (www.actabiomedica.it)

Author Biographies

Safouane El Ghouddany, Laboratory of Biology and Health, Team of Nutritional Sciences, Food and Health, Faculty of Sciences, Ibn Tofail University, Kenitra, Morocco

Biology teacher

Karim Ouali, Laboratory of Biology and Health, Team of Nutritional Sciences, Food and Health, Faculty of Sciences, Ibn Tofail University, Kenitra, Morocco

Nutritionist doctor

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Published

24-04-2023

Issue

Section

ORIGINAL CLINICAL RESEARCH

How to Cite

1.
Bouchefra S, El Ghouddany S, Ouali K, Bour A. Is good dietary diversity a predictor of academic success?. Acta Biomed [Internet]. 2023 Apr. 24 [cited 2024 Jul. 14];94(2):e2023014. Available from: https://mattioli1885journals.com/index.php/actabiomedica/article/view/13940