Main Article Content
Knowledge, attitude, practice, dentistry, ergonomics
Background and aim: Dentistry is a profession known to have many occupational hazards, including biomechanical, ergonomic, and work factors. We aimed to evaluate dental practitioners’ knowledge, attitudes, and practices of ergonomics and to evaluate the significant differences with age, sex, educational qualification and clinical experience.
Methods: We conducted a cross-sectional multi-centric web-based survey among dental practitioners of south India. Dentists who were involved in clinical practice in India with a minimum of 1-year experience were invited to participate in this study. Information on demographics (age, sex, education) and years of practice of the dental practitioners was collected. Knowledge attitude and practice questionnaire was adapted from El Salamy et al.
Results: The mean age of the participants was 30.57 (SD=6.95). More than half of the respondents were female (60.1%). Dental practitioners who were less than 28 years old (OR: 0.57), graduates (OR: -0.47), and clinical experience less than three years (OR: -0.53) had a higher probability of having poor or fair knowledge scores. Dental practitioners who were more than 28 years old had a significantly higher probability of positive attitudes (OR: 0.6) and good practices (OR: 0.54). Practitioners with a master’s degree had a higher probability of good practices (OR: 1.92). Practitioners with more than three years of clinical experience had a higher likelihood of good practices (OR: 1.72; 95% CI: 1.03 – 2.9).
Conclusions: Overall, we could conclude that dental professionals had predominantly fair to good knowledge, positive attitudes and a high proportion of bad practices.
2. Kalghatgi S, Prasad KVV, Chhabra KG, Deolia S, Chhabra C. Insights into ergonomics among dental professionals of a dental institute and private practitioners in Hubli-Dharwad twin cities, India. Saf Health Work. 2014 Dec 1;5(4):181–5.
3. Valachi B, Valachi K. Mechanisms leading to musculoskeletal disorders in dentistry. J Am Dent Assoc. 2003;134(10):1344–50.
4. Milerad E, Ekenvall L. Symptoms of the neck and upper extremities in dentists. Scand J Work Environ Heal. 1990;16(2):129–34.
5. Szymańska J. Disorders of the musculoskeletal system among dentists from the aspect of ergonomics and prophylaxis. Ann Agric Environ Med. 2002;9(2):169–73.
6. Chowanadisai S, Kukiattrakoon B, Yapong B, Kedjarune U, Leggat PA. Occupational health problems of dentists in southern Thailand. Int Dent J. 2000;50(1):36–40.
7. Hayes MJ, Cockrell D, Smith DR. A systematic review of musculoskeletal disorders among dental professionals. Vol. 7, International Journal of Dental Hygiene. Int J Dent Hyg; 2009. p. 159–65.
8. Pargali N, Jowkar N. Prevalence of musculoskeletal pain among dentists in Shiraz, Southern Iran. Int J Occup Environ Med. 2010;1(2):69–74.
9. Yousef M, Al-Zain A. Posture Evaluation of Dental Students. J King Abdulaziz Univ Sci. 2009;16(2):51–68.
10. Alaa E, Younis S. Assessment of an Ergonomics Interventional Educational Program on Knowledge, Attitude, Practice and Behavior among a Group of Egyptian Dental Students. Egypt Dent J. 2020 Jan 1;66(1):623–32.
11. Gharekhani S, Tirgar A, Seyyed M, Gholinia H. An interventional ergonomics program assessment of dental students. Biosci Biotechnol Res Commun. 2016 Dec 25;9(4):814–20.
12. Vyas K, Parihaar L, Rajoria K, Arora J, Pandit A, Singh J. Knowledge, Attitude and Behavior towards “ERGONOMICS” among Oral Health Professionals in Jodhpur city, Rajasthan, India. Int J Prev Clin Dent Res. 2014;1(3):5–9.
13. Karibasappa G, Rajeshwari K. Dentists’ Knowledge, Attitude and Behavior towards the Dental Ergonomics. IOSR J Dent Med Sci. 2014;13(5):86–9.
14. Bârlean L, Dãnilã I, Sãveanu I. Dentists ergonomic knowledge and attitudes in north-east region, Romania. Rom J Oral Rehabil. 2012;4:40–3.
15. Jadhav HC, Vishwakarma PY, Dodamani AS, Kshirsagar MM, Dodamani GA, Naik RG. Awareness Among Dentists Regarding Ergonomics in Dental Practice: A Cross-sectional Survey. J Oral Heal Community Dent. 2018 Dec;12(3):85–9.
16. Ketkar GN, Malaiappan S. Knowledge Attitude and Practice of Ergonomics and Musculoskeletal Disorders as an Occupational Hazard among Periodontists in India – A Questionnaire Based Survey. J Pharm Res Int. 2020 Aug 28;32(20):162–83.
17. Kumar M, Mishra G, Vaibhav R, Priyadarshini S, Simran, Turagam N. Assessment of knowledge about ergonomics and determining musculoskeletal disorders in dentists: An original research. J Pharm Bioallied Sci. 2021 Jun 1;13(5):S391–4.
18. El-sallamy RM, Atlam SA, Kabbash I, El-fatah SA, El-flaky A. Knowledge, attitude, and practice towards ergonomics among undergraduates of Faculty of Dentistry, Tanta University, Egypt. Environ Sci Pollut Res. 2018 Nov 1;25(31):30793–801.
19. Garcia PPNS, Gottardello ACA, Wajngarten D, Presoto CD, Campos JADB. Ergonomics in dentistry: experiences of the practice by dental students. Eur J Dent Educ. 2017 Aug 1;21(3):175–9.
20. Garbin AJ., Garbin CAS, Diniz DG, Yarid SD. Dental students’ knowledge of ergonomic postural requirements and their application during clinical care. Eur J Dent Educ. 2011 Feb;15(1):31–5.
21. Kumar P, Sahitya S, Penmetsa G, Supraja S, Kengadaran S, Chaitanya A. Assessment of knowledge, attitude, and practice related to ergonomics among the students of three different dental schools in India: An original research. J Educ Health Promot. 2020 Oct 1;9(1).
22. Munaga S, Rawtiya M, Khan S, Chitumalla R, Kubagiri SK, Sajjan P. Assessment of knowledge, practices, and work place condition related to ergonomics among dental students of Bhopal city - A questionnaire study. J Orofac Sci. 2013;5(2):109.
23. Nayakar R, Joshi D, Patil AK. Knowledge, Awareness, and Practices about Ergonomics among Dental Postgraduate Students -A Cross Sectional Study. Int J Sci Study. 2020;8(7):35–40.
24. Siddiqui TM, Wali A, Khan OH, Khan M, Zafar F. Assessment of knowledge , practice , and work environment related to ergonomics among dental students and dental practitioners. Int J Contemp Dent Med Rev. 2016;2016.
25. DCI. DENTAL COUNCIL OF INDIA BDS COURSE REGULATIONS 2007 DENTAL COUNCIL OF INDIA. 2007.
26. Alyahya F, Algarzaie K, Alsubeh Y, Khounganian R. Awareness of ergonomics & work-related musculoskeletal disorders among dental professionals and students in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. J Phys Ther Sci. 2018;30(6):770.