Akathisia superimposed to Hashimoto’s encephalopathy in an old lady: Akathisia superimposed to HE

Akathisia superimposed to Hashimoto’s encephalopathy in an old lady

Akathisia superimposed to HE

Authors

  • Ahmet Turan Isik Unit for Brain Aging and Dementia, Department of Geriatric Medicine, Dokuz Eylul University Faculty of Medicine https://orcid.org/0000-0001-5867-6503
  • Derya Kaya Unit for Brain Aging and Dementia, Department of Geriatric Medicine, Dokuz Eylul University Faculty of Medicine https://orcid.org/0000-0002-5637-1308
  • Kubra Altunkalem Seydi Dokuz Eylul University Faculty of Medicine

Keywords:

Hashimoto’s encephalopathy, elderly, akathisia, plasma exchange, antithyroid antibody

Abstract

Background and aim: Hashimoto’s encephalopathy (HE) is a rare clinical entity that is associated with encephalopathy with alteration of consciousness, presence of high levels of antithyroid antibodies, and exclusion of other suspected etiologies.

Methods: We describe a 60-year old lady who had been followed up for about 5 years for possible Alzheimer's disease plus Parkinson's disease and presented with akathisia overlapping a progressive encephalopathy compatible with the diagnosis of HE.

Results: Initial steroid therapy had shown no clinical benefit, whereas a mild to moderate improvement in clinical condition was observed after a 5-day course of plasmapheresis.

Conclusions: Given this case, it is clear that this challenging yet treatable clinical syndrome should be considered even in older patients. Furthermore, side effects such as akathisia should also be considered when starting antipsychotic treatment, particularly in patients with an unclear diagnosis. The patient is noteworthy due to the extremely rare occurrence of HE presenting with akathisia, especially in the elderly.

Author Biographies

Ahmet Turan Isik, Unit for Brain Aging and Dementia, Department of Geriatric Medicine, Dokuz Eylul University Faculty of Medicine

Unit for Brain Aging and Dementia, Department of Geriatric Medicine, Dokuz Eylul University Faculty of Medicine

Derya Kaya, Unit for Brain Aging and Dementia, Department of Geriatric Medicine, Dokuz Eylul University Faculty of Medicine

Unit for Brain Aging and Dementia, Department of Geriatric Medicine, Dokuz Eylul University Faculty of Medicine

Kubra Altunkalem Seydi, Dokuz Eylul University Faculty of Medicine

Department of Geriatric Medicine

References

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Published

08-03-2022

Issue

Section

Case Reports: General Surgery and Miscellanea

How to Cite

1.
Isik AT, KAYA D, Altunkalem Seydi K. Akathisia superimposed to Hashimoto’s encephalopathy in an old lady: Akathisia superimposed to HE. Acta Biomed [Internet]. 2022 Mar. 8 [cited 2024 Jul. 13];93(S1):e2022120. Available from: https://mattioli1885journals.com/index.php/actabiomedica/article/view/11828