Main Article Content
BRCA, ovarian cancer, risk-reducing surgery, genetical screening, cancer prevention
Background and aim of the work: BRCA1/2 are tumour-suppressor genes involved in DNA homologous recombination and ovarian cancer development. The study evaluated the risk of tumor cancer in women presenting the BRCA mutations.
Methods: Risk-reducing surgery (RRS) was performed in 100 patients carrying BRCA1 (aged between 30-73 years, median age was 51 years) and BRCA 2 mutation (aged between 36-70 years, median age was 53 years). Fifty-eight patients had previous history of breast cancer.
Results: Between the 100 patients, 82 women underwent risk-reducing salpingo-oophorectomy (RRSO) through a laparoscopic minimally invasive approach, 7 (7 %) underwent laparoscopic RRSO and contextual hysterectomy, 1 woman (1 %) underwent RRSO through a laparotomic approach and 10 women (10 %) laparotomic RRSO and hysterectomy. During 5 (5 %) laparoscopic RRSO, prophylactic bilateral mastectomy was also performed. Early and late complication occurred in 3 patients (3 %). Two patients (2 %) were found to have occult Serous Tubal Intraepithelial Carcinoma (STIC) and three patients (3 %) occult cancer.
Conclusions: RRSO is safe and feasible in BRCA mutation carriers. The procedure is effective for genetic prevention of ovarian cancer.
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