Hormone resistance in children: what primary care physicians need to know

Main Article Content

Kotb Metwalley
Hekma Saad Farghaly

Keywords

hormone resistance, Laron syndrome, pseudohypoparathyroidism, insulin resistance, thyroid hormone resistance

Abstract

Hormone resistance is defined as a reduced or absence of  target tissues responsiveness to a hormone, where the presentation is related to either a relative lack or excess of hormones. Various disorders of hormone resistance were encountered including, Laron syndrome, nephrogenic diabetes insipidus, thyroid hormone resistance syndrome, pseudohypoparathyroidism, insulin resistance, familial glucocorticoid deficiency, pseudohypoaldosteronism, X linked hypophosphatemic rickets  and androgen insensitivity syndrome. The article gives a summary that presents, in concentrated form, what the primary care physicians need to know about recognition,  clinical presentation, diagnosis, and management  of various hormone resistance in children.

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