Knowledge, behaviours and anxiety of eastern part of Turkey residents about the current COVID-19 outbreak

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Burkay Yakar
Erhan Onalan
Gamzecan Karakaya
Edibe Pirincci
Ramazan Fazil Akkoc
Suleyman Aydın


COVID-19, novel coronavirus, SARS-CoV-2, attitude, knowledge, anxiety


Introduction: The aim of this study was to assess the knowledge, attitude, and behavior of Eastern part of Turkey residents about the COVID-19 and the relationship between the pandemic and the anxiety levels.

Methods: Cross-sectional study was carried out between 07-21 April 2020 through online questionnaires. The study included 897 people who filled out the form and met the study criteria. The data was collected through a self-administered questionnaire of the socio-demographic characteristics, generalized anxiety disorder scale, opinions about the epidemic, knowledge, and attitude of individuals regarding COVID-19.

Results: A total of 897 participants had a mean score of knowledge and attitude of 5.11±1.63 and 46.81±5.65, respectively. Knowledge and attitude score was higher in males (p<0.001) and participants with high education level (p=0.003). Anxiety level was negatively correlated with knowledge (r=-0.156, p<0.001) and attitude scores (r=-0.288, p<0.001). There was a positive significant correlation between knowledge level and attitude score (r=0.194, p<0.001).

Conclusion: Gender and education levels had a statistical effect on individuals' COVID-19 knowledge and attitude scores. COVID-19 outbreak was associated with high anxiety levels in individuals and it was determined that the anxiety caused by the epidemic negatively affected the knowledge and attitudes of the individuals.


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