Cardiac Magnetic Resonance with Delayed Enhancement of the Right Ventricle in patients with Left Ventricle primary involvement: diagnosis and evaluation of functional parameters.

Main Article Content

Patrizia Toia
Erica Maffei
Cesare Mantini
Giuseppe Runza
Ludovico La Grutta
Emanuele Grassedonio
Andrea Guaricci
Bruna Punzo
Carlo Cavaliere
Filippo Cademartiri https://orcid.org/0000-0002-0579-3279

Keywords

Cardiac Magnetic Resonance; Delayed Enhancement; Right Ventricle; Left Ventricle; Cardiomyopathies

Abstract

Cardiac Magnetic Resonance (CMR) allows an accurate Right Ventricle (RV) assessment that could be of great relevance in diseases causing inflammation or fibrosis. The aim of this study was to evaluate the concomitant involvement of the RV in patients with delayed enhancement (DE) of the Left Ventricle (LV-DE) using CMR.


We retrospectively enrolled 95 (male n. 66; age 55±18years; BMI 26±5kg/m2) consecutive patients with LV-DE who underwent a CMR (Achieva 1.5 T, Philips) for different indications: post-ischemic dilated cardiopathy (PDM), hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM), myocardial infarction (MI), myocarditis/pericarditis (MP) and congenital heart disease (CD). We assessed the presence and extension of DE and functional parameters such as ventricular end-diastolic (EDV), end-systolic volumes (ESV) and ejection fraction (EF) of both LV and RV.


Prevalence of RV-DE was 30.5% (29/95): 75% (3/4) for CD, 44% (4/9) for PDM, 36% (17/47) for MI, 27.8% (5/18) for MP and 0% (0/17) for HCM. LV-EF and RV-EF were 53±15mL and 51±13mL, respectively, for patients without RV-DE (RV-DE-), and 40±19 mL and 42±15 mL, respectively, for patients with RV-DE (RV-DE+) (p<0.05), while LV-EDV and LV-ESV were 80±28 mL and 40±26 mL, respectively, for RV-DE- and 100±45 mL and 65±49 mL, respectively, for RV-DE+ (p<0.05).


The prevalence of RV-DE in patients with LV primary involvement is not negligible and it is found mainly in patients with CD and PDM and then in patients with MI and MP. It is more often associated with LV-EF and RV-EF reduction and increase in LV volumes.

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