COVID-19 and Type 1 Diabetes: Concerns and Challenges: COVID19 and T1D

COVID-19 and Type 1 Diabetes: Concerns and Challenges

COVID19 and T1D

Authors

  • Lorenzo Iughetti Pediatric Unit, Department of Medical and Surgical Sciences of the Mother, Children and Adults. University of Modena and Reggio Emilia, Modena, Italy
  • Viola Trevisani Post-graduate School of Pediatrics, Department of Medical and Surgical Sciences of the Mother, Children and Adults. University of Modena and Reggio Emilia
  • Umberto Cattini Post-graduate School of Pediatrics, Department of Medical and Surgical Sciences of the Mother, Children and Adults. University of Modena and Reggio Emilia
  • Patrizia Bruzzi Pediatric Unit, Department of Medical and Surgical Sciences of the Mother, Children and Adults. University of Modena and Reggio Emilia
  • Laura Lucaccioni Pediatric Unit, Department of Medical and Surgical Sciences of the Mother, Children and Adults. University of Modena and Reggio Emilia
  • Simona Madeo Pediatric Unit, Department of Medical and Surgical Sciences of the Mother, Children and Adults. University of Modena and Reggio Emilia
  • Barbara Predieri Pediatric Unit, Department of Medical and Surgical Sciences of the Mother, Children and Adults. University of Modena and Reggio Emilia

Keywords:

COVID19,, Children, Telemedicine, Type 1 Diabetes

Abstract

Due to the current COVID-19 pandemic, worldwide population’s lifestyle has changed dramatically, causing psychosocial consequences.  Patients presenting a preexisting chronic condition, as Type 1 Diabetes (T1D), are the ones suffering the most from this situation. Moreover, people affected by diabetes are the ones with the worst prognosis, if infected by SARS-CoV-2.  We analyzed why patients with T1D were poorly represented between the subjects hospitalized for COVID-19 and why the cases of diabetic ketoacidosis (DKA) were fewer and more severe compared with the past years. Furthermore, literature has showed how patients of all ages with T1D did not experience a deterioration in their glucose control throughout the lockdown. Among other causes, this is also due to the surging use of telemedicine. Finally, we tried to understand how the coronavirus tropism for endocrine tissues could influence the future epidemiology of T1D, focusing on the effects they have on pancreatic β-cells.

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Published

07-09-2020

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Section

REVIEWS/FOCUS ON - SPECIAL COVID19

How to Cite

1.
COVID-19 and Type 1 Diabetes: Concerns and Challenges: COVID19 and T1D. Acta Biomed [Internet]. 2020 Sep. 7 [cited 2024 Jun. 24];91(3):e2020033. Available from: https://mattioli1885journals.com/index.php/actabiomedica/article/view/10366