What is new in anaphylaxis?

Main Article Content

Alberto Martelli
Rosario Ippolito
Martina Votto
Maria De Filippo
Ilaria Brambilla
Mauro Calvani
Fabio Cardinale
Elena Chiappini
Marzia Duse
Sara Manti
Gianluigi Marseglia
Carlo Caffarelli
Claudio Cravidi
Michele Miraglia Del Giudice
Maria Angela Tosca

Keywords

anaphylaxis, food allergy, drug allergy, IgE, adrenaline

Abstract

Available information suggests that anaphylaxis must be promptly recognized keeping in mind the airway patency, breathing (ventilation and respiration), circulation and mental status and treated. The first treatment is adrenaline. After successful treatment of an anaphylactic episode, attention must be paid to the prevention of early recurrences (biphasic anaphylaxis) and assessment of causes. Children should not be discharged before prescribing self-injectable adrenaline and explain how and under what circumstances it must be injected, An action plan must be communicated to their communities. Inform the school about potential reactions, how to prevent them and avoidance measures.

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