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aneurysm, branch vessel, patency, Side branches occlusion, flow diversion, flow diverter stent
Flow diverter placement for treatment of intracranial aneurysms gained growing consensus in the past years. A major concern among professionals is the side branch coverage which leads in some cases to vessel occlusion. However, the lost vessel patency only infrequently is accompanied by a new onset of neurological deficits secondary to ischaemic lesions. A retrospective analysis of all patients treated with flow diversion at our hospital was aimed to better understand this phenomenon in order to formulate a hypothesis about the causes. We concluded that vessel occlusion occurs due to a reduced blood pressure gradient in those vessels with a strong collateral or anastomotic vascularization that refurnishes the same distal vascular territories. Indeed, we detected no new brain infarction since blood flow was always guaranteed.
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