Methotrexate treatment efficacy in sarcoidosis might be related to TNF-alpha polymorphism: real life preliminary study

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Anna Goljan Geremek
Elzbieta Puscinska
Monika Czystowska
Agnieszka Skoczylas
Michal Bednarek
Adam Nowinski
Dorota Gorecka
Urszula Demkow
Pawel Sliwinski

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Abstract

Introduction: Methotrexate therapy improves lung function in selected sarcoidosis patients. Variation in TNF gene was associated with response to treatment. Aim: To determine the predictive role of-308 G/A, -857C/T, -863 C/A and -1031 T/C TNF-α polymorphism in the efficacy of MTX for progressive pulmonary sarcoidosis. Material and Methods: Twenty-eight sarcoidosis patients treated with MTX (6-24 months) were genotyped for TNF-α polymorphisms: -1031 T/C, -857C/T, -308 G/A and -863 C/A. Pulmonary function test (PFT) were performed every 6 months to determine treatment response, until the drug withdrawal. Results: No correlation between the initial clinical presentation of sarcoidosis and TNF α polymorphisms was found, neither for every allele nor for combined genotypes distribution. According to PFT evaluation we have discovered 3 types of response to MTX: early (ER), late (LR) and No-response (NR). TNF-α-308 A allele carriers have got significantly higher chance to be LR, p=0.02, RRI:83%. TNF-α-308 GG genotype transferred the 3-fold higher probability of early vs late response to MTX, p=0.02. Combined genotyping allowed to distinguish LR from ER and NR groups. ER and NR patients are genetically similar (-857CC-308GG). LR are “genetically” different group of patients (-857C/T-308GG or -857CC-308A/G) with 5-fold greater probability to be LR than TNF-α-857CC-308GG patients, p=0,005 sensitivity 85%, specificity: 43%, PPV 58%, NPV 75%. TNF-α-308GG-857CC patients have significantly lower chance to be LR comparing to other response type p=0.03 OR=0,075 95% CI=0.07-0.08. Conclusion: Two types of positive response to MTX therapy (early and late) in chronic respiratory sarcoidosis are associated with polymorphic changes in TNF gene.

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