Main Article Content
EGPA, heart involvement, magnetic resonance,
BACKGROUND. Cardiac magnetic resonance imaging (CMRI) has emerged as a sensitive and non-invasive technique in the evaluation of cardiac lesions in eosinophilic granulomatosis with polyangiitis (EGPA) patients.
OBJECTIVES: To evaluate the ability of CMRI to detection and monitoring of the treatment efficacy in EGPA patients with cardiac involvement.
METHODS. To the retrospective-prospective study were enrolled 33 cardiac involvement EGPA patients. In 19 of them CMRI at the moment of diagnosis was performed, in 14 – CMRI after treatment was made, when this method was available - in this group the cardiac involvement was based on the clinical findings. All patients were treated with corticosteroids (CSs) and/or cyclophosphamide (CY). In the first group the control CMRI after one year of treatment was performed, but in the second group the time from the end of the treatment to execution of CMRI was 2-5 years.
RESULTS. All patients had heart injury in CMRI. Myocardial edema was present in 87.8% cases, 54.5% of patients had perfusion defects and in all - late gadolinium enhancement was observed. Control CMRI was performed in 32 cases. Improvement was observed in 81% of patients – in 11% of them all lesions undergone completely remission and in 35% of them evolution to global fibrosis was found. In 7% of patients stabilization was achieved and in 12% - progression was observed.
CONCLUSIONS. CMRI is a sensitive method detecting cardiac lesions in EGPA patients. It helps to detect patients, who need combined therapy and helps evaluate the therapeutic effect.