Seasonal Change of Some Biochemical Parameters of Athletes Attending School Sports

Main Article Content

Ramazan Erdoğan

Keywords

Lipid, Liver Enzymes, Training, Performance

Abstract

Amaç: Egzersizler organizmanın biyokimyasını önemli ölçüde etkiler. Karaciğer enzimleri ve lipitler, antrenmanla birlikte sporcuların performansını etkileyen önemli biyokimyasal belirteçlerdir. Bu çalışmanın amacı, okul sporlarına katılan sporcuların antrenman seanslarının yarışmalar sırasında karaciğer enzimleri ve lipit metabolizması üzerindeki etkisini belirlemektir.


Yöntem: Araştırma grubu 12-14 yaş arası 16 gönüllü erkek sporcudan oluşmaktadır. Araştırmaya katılan sporcular, haftada üç kez günde 60 dakika üç ay ve her hafta antrenman için bir gün süren bir programa göre yarışmalar için eğitim aldılar. Okul spor yarışmaları başlamadan önce ve yarışmaların sonunda iki kez kan örnekleri alındı. Kan örneklerinde karaciğer enzim değerleri ve lipit düzeyleri belirlendi. Elde edilen veriler SPSS 22 paket programı kullanılarak analiz edilmiştir.


Bulgular: Analizler sonucunda, katılan sporcuların karaciğer enzimlerinde Aspartat aminotransferaz (AST), Alanin aminotransferaz (ALT), C-reaktif protein (CRP) ve Laktat dehidrojenaz (LDH) seviyelerindeki farklılıklar tespit edildi. çalışma sırasında (p <0,05), Gama-Glutamil Transferaz (GGT), Alkalin Fosfataz, serum bilirubin toplamı ve bilirubin direkt konsantrasyon düzeyleri son test öncesi sonuçlarda istatistiksel olarak farklılaşmamıştır (p> 0,05). Yapılan antrenman sonucunda sporcuların genel olarak lipit değerlerinde anlamlı bir düşüş gözlendi ve kolesterol, trigliserit, LDL ve HDL değerlerinin test öncesi test sonuçlarında anlamlı derecede farklı olduğu bulundu (p <0,05).


Sonuç: Sonuç olarak, uzun ve düzenli antrenmanların sporcunun karaciğer enzim düzeyleri ve lipit metabolizması üzerinde olumlu bir etkisi olduğu belirlenmiştir. Bu bağlamda, fizyolojik ve biyolojik parametreleri kullanarak sporcularda performans ölçümlerinin yapılmasının sporcuların sağlığını ve performansını olumlu yönde etkileyeceğini düşünüyoruz.

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