Does mindful eating have a relationship with gender, body mass index and health promoting lifestyle? Mindful eating BMI health

Main Article Content

Gizem Köse
Mustafa Ertuğrul Çıplak

Keywords

Mindful eating, Health promoting, lifestyle promoting, BMI, Health behavıour, lifestyle

Abstract

Objective: Present study, we aimed to examine the relationship between university students’ mindful eating and health promoting lifestyle status with their gender and body mass index among students from a university sample in Turkey. Methods: This cross-sectional descriptive study was conducted 368 randomly selected undergraduate students in Fall 2018. Participants completed sociodemographic form, Mindful Eating (MEQ) and Health Promoting Lifestyle Profile II (HPLP-II) questionnaires that included questions related to their mindfulness, eating habits and control, disinhibition, nutritional knowledge etc. Weight and height of participants were measured. Results: In this study, 68.5% of the participants were male and 31.5% were female, the mean age was 21.29 ± 1.77 years and BMI (kg / m²) was 21.92± 2.99. Total score of MEQ was 3.25±0.37 and HPLP-II was 131.74±17.60. There was no statistically significant difference between mean MEQ and HPLP-II scores of males (3.29±0.37, 130.38±19.59) and females (3.23±0.38, 132.36±16.61) (p> 0.05).  Preobese-obese (POW) group was found to be having less MEQ scores than the other BMI classes (p =0.008). While the participant's age increased, BMI increased (r=0.144, p=0.006), and mindful eating decreased (p> 0.05). A significant relationship was found between age, BMI both sub-factors of MEQ (disinhibition: r=-0.120, r=-0.294, eating control: r=-0.133, r=0.211, mindfulness: r=0.190, r=0.285, eating discipline: r=-0.122, r=0.226, conscious nutrition: r=0.153, r=0.128, and additionally for BMI, emotional eating: r=-0.158, interference: r=-0.139; p<0.05) and HPLP-II (age; spiritual growth: r=-0.211, health responsibility: r=0.125, stress management r=-0.110 and BMI; physical activity: r=0.192, nutrition: r=0.120, p<0.05). Emotional eating, nutrition and stress management had good correlation (p<0.05). There was strong relationship among MEQ and HPLP-II (p<0.000). Conclusion: Adolescence is an important stage of life to create lifelong lifestyle and eating habits. With age, body mass index, lifestyle and nutrition can be impaired. Health-promoting lifestyle and mindful eating can be related strongly. It is crucial to detect lifestyle choices and eating habits than giving education to have a healthy, qualified and not-disordered eating life.

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