Food insecurity is associated with food diversity, depression and blood pressure among rural and urban high school students in Kurdish population Food insecurity, food diversity and mental health

Main Article Content

Pishva Arzhang
Bahram Pourghassem Gargari
Amir Bagheri
Elyas Nattagh Eshtivani
Abed Ghavami
Farzad Mohammadi
Alireza Rahmanabadi


Food insecurity, Mental disorder, blood pressure


Introduction: Due to lack of data on the food insecurity and food diversity in the west of Iran, this
study conducted to assay food insecurity and its association with food diversity, depression and blood pressure
among Kurdish population focusing on high school students and their families. Method: This cross-sectional
study was conducted between September and March, 2015-2016 on 364 high-school students (68.68% urban
and 31.32% rural) and their families. Food security questionnaire, general socio-economic questionnaire
(SEQ) and food frequency questionnaire (FFQ). Beck’s Depression Inventory (BDI) test was used to assess
depression condition. Data analysis was performed with SPSS22 and P value less than 0.05 was considered
to be statistically significant. Result: Participants with food diversity less than the median (group2) had more
associated to food insecurity in all participants (P=0.02). Moreover, in total population dairy diversity was
negatively associated with food insecurity (p=0.05). No association was observed between food insecurity and
depression among all participants (P=0.54) but after splitting to sex it was significant for female (P=0.02)
but not male (P=0.48). Conclusion: food insecurity is associated with different complication in high-school
students in the Kurdish population, west of Iran. Food insecurity which is related to low income is related also
to low food diversity and other aspects of life such as mental problems, as mentioned depression.


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